Types of Emergencies

The topic ‘Type of Emergencies’ is a very crucial part of the legal reasoning as it helps to get more information about the system on which the country works and how they help in the proper functioning of the whole country.

The Indian Constitution has 448 articles which are further divided into 25 parts 12 schedules and 5 appendices. But originally when the Indian constitution was adopted there were only e 395 articles and 22 parts due to so several amendments with time now, we have about 450 articles in 25 parts in the Indian Constitution. There are 104 amendments introduced in the Indian Constitution by today. Doctor BR Ambedkar was the chief architect of all the important articles. All the articles were dealing with the rights of the people, the framework of the government.


We already know that in the 

Some of the important articles are given below:



Article 12-35

These articles are related to the Fundamental Rights of the citizens of India.

Article 36-50

these articles related to the directive principles of the state policy

Article 51A

are related to the fundamental duties

Article 80

the article is related to the number of seeds in knee Rajya Sabha

Article 81

this article is related to the number of seats in the Lok Sabha

Article 243-243 (o)

these articles are related to the Panchayati Raj institutions

Article 343

this article says that Hindi is the official language of the country 

Article 356

the imposition of the president’s rule is due to this article

Article 395

this article repeals the Indian independence act and the Government of India act 1919

Emergency Articles

The emergency provision in the Indian Constitution is such that it enables the federal government to acquire the power of the unitary government whenever it is required.

Whenever there is a very urgent need, emergency can be applied and used as the last option as this will affect India’s federal feature of the entire government. An emergency can be held in the country in two national ways are state emergency, the difference between them is if there is a state of emergency in any state the governor has the right to declare it. But it is about the National Emergency, it is the decision of the President.

Types of Emergency Articles:

The Emergency provisions are also further divided into more types. There are three types of emergencies in India, present under the Constitution, which are:

  1. National Emergency, 
  2. Constitutional Emergency and the third
  3. Is Financial Emergency.


A national emergency can be declared when do is any sort of external aggression by the public, or can also be declared during the war. There are certain grounds for declaring an emergency in any state, which are given as follows.

  1. Under article 352 national emergency in the whole country can be easily declared by the president itself whenever there is any breach in the security of the country, or the country is threatened by any external aggression or by war.
  2. External aggression can be known as an external emergency or in simpler terms war. Similarly, the armed rebellion can be known as an internal emergency the term armed rebellion was amended in the Indian constitution in the 44th amendment earlier it was known as an internal disturbance.


President’s rule is also popularly known as the constitution emergency. According to Article 355 the duty of the center is to make sure that the government of every state is according to the provisions of the Indian constitution but in case the state fails to fulfil its duty then according to article 356 the centre can take over the state government. The proclamation of the imposition of the president’s rule should be approved by both the upper house and the lower house within 2 months from the date it has been issued.


In a financial emergency, Article 360 empowers the president of the country can proclaim that he was not satisfied with the situation that has been raised due to the instability in the financial or the credit system of the country. It just needs to be approved play both Houses of Parliament.


In a nutshell, the types of emergencies in the articles are very important this helps in knowing the citizens about the fundamentals and more precisely their country.  There is an FAQs section above which provides additional information which will aid a better understanding of the topic.


Frequently asked questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the CLAT Examination Preparation.

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