Types Of Movements

A change in position of a bodily component related to the full-frame is called movement. There are different types of movements like Flexion and Extension, Abduction & Adduction.

The body’s synovial joints allow for a wide range of motion. Each movement at a synovial joint is the consequence of the muscles linked to the bones on each side of the articulation contracting or relaxing. The structural type of a synovial joint determines the type of mobility it may produce. While the ball-and-socket joint provides the most range of motion at a single joint, numerous joints may work together to achieve a specific movement in other parts of the body. Overall, each type of synovial joint is required for the body’s incredible flexibility and mobility. Synovial joints can be subjected to a variety of movements. In most cases, movement kinds are coupled, with one being the opposite of the other. There are various movements like Flexion, Extension, Abduction & Adduction.

What is a movement?

A change in position of a bodily component related to the full-frame is called movement. It is one of the most significant characteristics of all living beings. Movements such as blinking, breathing, and eating are all instances of movement. As a result, we can claim that some or all parts of our body perform some or all actions every second.

As we become older, our bodies move and become more refined. The movement starts with crawling and progresses to walking, eventually culminating in the movement of the entire organism. Because of the joints, these movements are possible. Joints are structures in our bodies that connect two or more skeleton portions. Our bodies rely on extraordinary joints to conduct exceptional sports and activities.

Types of Movements

Flexion and Extension

  • In the sagittal plane, flexion and extension are movements. They refer to the angle between two body components being increased or decreased.
  • Flexion is a movement in which the angle between two body components is reduced. The angle between the ulna and the humerus is reduced when the elbow is flexed. The ankle travels closer to the buttock when the knee bends, and the angle between the femur and tibia narrows.
  • The term “extension” refers to a movement in which the angle between two body components is increased. The angle between the ulna and the humerus is increased as the elbow is extended. The lower leg is straightened by extending the knee.
  • Flexion (bending of the joint) decreases the angle between the bones in the limbs, whereas extension (straightening the joint) increases the angle. Flexion at the hip joint refers to bringing the thigh forward and upward, whereas extension refers to any posterior-going action of the thigh. 

Abduction & Adduction

  • Abduction and adduction motions involve medial-lateral motions of the coronal plane of the limbs, fingers, toes, or thumb. Abduction causes the limb to move laterally away from the body’s midline, whereas adduction causes the limb to move toward the body or across the midline. The phrases abduction and adduction describe motions that bring the body closer to or further away from its midline.
  • Abduction, like abducting someone, is a movement away from the midline. Abduction of the shoulder, for example, raises the arms out to the sides of the body.
  • Adduction is a movement in the direction of the midline. The legs are squeezed together when the hip is abducted.
  • The midline used in fingers and toes is not the midline of the body, but the midline of the hand and foot, respectively. Abducting the fingers spreads them out as a result.


Circumduction is a unique movement that is a mixture of several others. Flexion is the first motion, followed by abduction, extension, and ultimately adduction. However, the sequence must be followed. It can begin with either flexion or adduction. As a result, the movement becomes circular. Circumduction is limited to ball-and-socket joints like the shoulder and hip because of various movements.


Rotation is when the limb rotates around its long axis, similar to how a screwdriver works. Like hitting a driving shot in golf, the same occurs in the hip joint, and when playing a topspin forehand in tennis, the same happens in the shoulder joint.


The variety of movements supplied by the various synovial joints allows for a wide range of bodily motions and provides you with a great deal of mobility. You can flex or extend your body or limbs, medially rotate and adduct your arms and flex your elbows to hold a heavy object against your chest, raise your arms above your head, rotate or shake your head, and bend to touch your toes using these actions (with or without bending your knees). We have studied the different types of movements in detail like flexion and extension, abduction and adduction.