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Functions of the Niti Aayog

The following are the detailed functions of Niti Aayog, Collaborate with the governments of the states on national development priorities, sectors, and strategies and so on.

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The Niti Aayog has a dual mandate: to oversee the country’s adoption and monitoring of the SDGs, as well as to promote competitive and cooperative federalism among states and UTs.

As a first step, Niti Aayog has prepared a draft mapping of the goals and targets in consultation with Ministry of Statistics , Planning and Implementation.

Furthermore, the centrally sponsored schemes, including the ‘core of the core,’ ‘core,’ and ‘optional’ schemes implemented by the states, as well as some of the Central Government’s recent initiatives, have been mapped. Furthermore, Ministries and States are implementing central sector and state schemes that are aligned with one or more SDGs. This mapping can be found here.

Functions of Niti Aayog

The following are the detailed functions of Niti Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India):

1.Collaborate with the governments of the states on national development priorities, sectors, and strategies.

  • Create a federal system in which national and state governments work in harmony and coordination.
  • Implement rural development schemes and initiatives.
  • Ensure that economic strategy and policy are in the best interests of national security.
  • Encourage partnerships between key stakeholders and like-minded think tanks on a national and international scale, as well as educational and policy research institutions.
  • With the assistance of national and international experts, practitioners, and other partners, develop a knowledge, innovation, and entrepreneurial support system.
  • Maintain a cutting-edge Resource Center and serve as a research hub for good governance and best practises in sustainable* and equitable* development.
  • Actively monitor and evaluate programme and initiative implementation, with a focus on technology upgradation and capacity building.

2.National Labor Economics Research and Development Institute (NILERD)

3.Another function of Niti Aayog is to serve as the Planning Commission’s successor.

Objectives of Niti Aayog

The following are the main goals of Niti Aayog:

  1. To develop a shared vision of national development priorities, sectors, and strategies with active participation of states in light of national objectives.
  1. To promote cooperative federalism on a continuous basis through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the states, recognising that strong states make a strong nation.
  1. To create mechanisms for developing credible plans at the village level and gradually aggregating these at higher levels of government.
  1. To ensure that national security interests are incorporated into economic strategy and policy.
  1. To pay special attention to those segments of our society who may be at risk of not benefiting sufficiently from economic progress.
  1. Create strategic and long-term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives, as well as track their progress and efficacy.
  1. To provide advice and encourage collaboration between key stakeholders and like-minded Think Tanks on a national and international scale, as well as educational and policy research institutions.
  1. To concentrate on technology advancement and capacity building for programme and initiative implementation.

Composition of Niti Aayog

The Niti Aayog is made up of the following individuals:

  1. The Prime Minister of India serves as Chairperson.
  1. The Governing Council is made up of the Chief Ministers of all the states and the Lieutenant Governors of the Union Territories.
  1. Regional Councils will be convened by the Prime Minister to address specific issues and contingencies affecting more than one state or region, and will include the Chief Ministers of States.
  1. Experts, specialists, and practitioners with relevant domain knowledge who have been nominated by the Prime Minister as special invitees.In addition to the Prime Minister as Chairperson, the full-time organisational framework will include:
    1. The Prime Minister will appoint the Vice-Chairperson.
    2. Full-time employees
    3. An ex-officio maximum of two part-time members from leading universities, research organisations, and other relevant institutions.
    4. The Prime Minister may appoint up to four members of the Union Council of Ministers as Ex Officio members.
    5. The Prime Minister will appoint a Chief Executive Officer with the rank of Secretary to the Government of India for a fixed term.
    6. As deemed necessary, a secretariat

Niti Aayog members

The current membership of Niti Aayog is as follows:

PM Narendra Modi

Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairperson

Members who work full-time

  1. Bibek Debroy, M.D.
  2. Mr. V.K. Saraswat
  3. Ramesh Chand, Ph.D.

Dr. V. K. Paul is the fourth member of the group.

Conclusion 

The Niti Aayog has a dual mandate: to oversee the country’s adoption and monitoring of the SDGs, as well as to promote competitive and cooperative federalism among states and UTs. As a first step, Niti Aayog has prepared a draught mapping of the goals and targets in consultation with MoSPI. Furthermore, the centrally sponsored schemes, including the ‘core of the core,’ ‘core,’ and ‘optional’ schemes implemented by the states, as well as some of the Central Government’s recent initiatives, have been mapped. Niti Aayog Collaborate with the governments of the states on national development priorities, sectors, and strategies. With the assistance of national and international experts, practitioners, and other partners, develop a knowledge, innovation, and entrepreneurial support system.

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