The Neolithic Revolution was the transition from hunter-gatherer societies to agrarian societies that occurred at various times and in various parts of the world. The first known Neolithic Revolution occurred between 10,000 and 8,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent, a Middle Eastern region stretching from present-day Iraq to Egypt. Agrarian societies are also emerging in Central and South America, East Asia (India), China, and Southeast Asia.
It is unknown how hunter-gatherer societies became agrarian societies. Many theories exist, some of which are based on climate change and social pressures. However, these societies purposefully planted crops and altered their life cycles to accommodate the life cycles of their agriculture at some point.
What is Agriculture?
Agriculture is the manufacture of food, fibre, wood, and foliage. A more comprehensive definition would include the use of natural resources in the production of food, industrial raw materials, and energy sources. Agriculture, however, is more than just production; it also includes inputs into production, the social and environmental setting of farms and people, and the downstream transportation and processing of commodities to prepare them for consumption as food, clothing, building materials, and energy.
Cropping, pasture management for livestock, and market gardening have all been traditional agricultural practices. These practices are evolving to incorporate new technologies, operational innovation, new crops, and new goals such as energy and carbon sequestration.
QFF has adopted the following definition of agriculture:
In other words, Agriculture is – Any activity associated with the production of food, fibre, timber, and foliage, including, but not limited to, cropping*, intensive horticulture*, animal husbandry*, intensive animal industry*, animal keeping*, aquaculture*, permanent plantation*, wholesale nursery*, production nursery, roadside stall*, winery*, and rural industry*; as well as ancillary activities concerned with the accommodation of farm workers, visitors, and tourists; water storage;
What is dbt agriculture?
Subsidies will be transferred directly to beneficiaries’ bank accounts under this programme.
In fact, the Government of India established DBT, which falls under the Department of Agriculture, to benefit farmers with various agricultural schemes from a single platform. Farmers can take advantage of all agricultural schemes through Direct Benefit Transfer.
Close view of Agriculture in India State
The district is located on the northern rim of the Chota Nagpur plateau. It has a moderately hot and humid climate. The average rainfall is 1192 mm, and the temperature ranges from 4 degrees Celsius in winter to 42 degrees Celsius in summer. The soil is primarily lateritic, with patches of clay soil. Paddy is the only crop grown on laterite soil, whereas wheat, potato, radish, and other crops are grown on clay soil.
The district has a hilly terrain. Upland covers the majority of cultivable land, but due to insufficient irrigation facilities, only one crop, paddy, is grown; however, a multi cropping pattern is used in a few areas.
Agriculture employs the vast majority of the population.
The average holding size is a very small land holding. Farmers rely on monsoon rain for agriculture work in the absence of adequate irrigation facilities. As a result, they work in agriculture for part of the year and are unemployed for the rest of the year. Because of the lateritie nature of the soil, average crop production is extremely low. The total forest area is 53841 hectares. While Sal trees dominate the forest plantation area, other important trees include Simul, Palas, Mahua, and others. Certain activities, such as picking kendua-patta and making plates from sakhua leaves, provide food for the poor.
Origin of agriculture
Agriculture was not ‘invented’ by one of our forefathers in a single flash of brilliance. Plants and animals were domesticated gradually over centuries, and often independently, all over the world. However, such progress was only possible after the last great Ice Age, when climates around the world stabilised and human populations could thrive once more.
Historians have been able to trace the development of agriculture in four major locations around the world, with the earliest signs coming from the Middle East and China before spreading into the Mediterranean and Europe, and finally developing independently again in the Andes and mountains of South America.
Let’s go back in time and see how each of these civilizations used agricultural skills to better their world.
Agriculture is the manufacture of food, fibre, wood, and foliage. Agriculture is the manufacture of food, fibre, wood, and foliage. Agriculture, however, is more than just production; it also includes inputs into production, the social and environmental setting of farms and people, and the downstream transportation and processing of commodities to prepare them for consumption as food, clothing, building materials, and energy. Farmers rely on monsoon rain for agriculture work in the absence of adequate irrigation facilities. As a result, they work in agriculture for part of the year and are unemployed for the rest of the year.