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# What is Types of Analogy Reasoning

In this lecture we’re going to learn about types of analogy reasoning, the number based/numerical analogy, letter and number based analogy and general knowledge-based analogy, questions based on analogy and many more things.

An analogy is a logical reasoning issue in which two items are compared and conclusions are reached based on their similarities and differences. Candidates will be given a question with words that are related to one another based on some logic, and they must find a word or terms that are similar to those given in the question.

## Analogy Reasoning Types:

We now know what the questions in the Analogy reasoning portion are about. Let’s take a look at the many types of queries that might be asked one by one.

1. ### Analogy based on letters/words:

A pair of letters or words are presented in a certain likeness between them in this form of analogy reasoning. Another word or letter with similar characteristics is also supplied. Candidates must determine the similarities between the first two words and select the word from the alternatives that has the same similarities to the “?” as the first two.

Addition/ Subtraction/ Multiplication with constant numbers, Reverse letter of constant numbers, and so on are examples of letter-based analogies.

1. ### Analogy based on numbers/numerical analogy:

A pair of numbers are presented in a certain likeness between them in this type of analogy reasoning. Another number is supplied with similar characteristics. Candidates must determine the similarities between the first two numbers and select the number from the options that has the same relationship to the “?” as the first two.

Addition/ Subtraction/ Multiplication with constant numbers, Square/Cube of constant numbers, Operation of Sum of the Digits, and so on are examples of number-based analogies.

1. ### Analogy based on letters and numbers (Mixed Analogy):

A mixed pair of numbers and letters are supplied in a certain likeness between them in this type of analogy reasoning. Another mixed pair of numbers and letters with the same similarities is also offered. Candidates must identify the similarities between the first two pairs and select the pair from the options that has the same similarities to the “?” as the first two.

Addition/Subtraction with Letters and Numbers, Place Value Operation, and so on are examples of letter and number based analogies.

1. ### Analogy based on images:

A pair of Images are supplied in a specific likeness between them in this form of analogy reasoning. Another image with comparable features is also provided. Candidates must identify the similarities between the first two images and select the proper image from the options that has the same “?” similarities as the first two.

1. ### Analogy based on general knowledge:

A pair of words are supplied in a certain likeness between them in this form of analogy reasoning. Another word with comparable meanings is also supplied. Candidates must identify the similarities between the first two words and select the proper word from the options that have the same similarities to the “?” as the two first.

Country/State and Capital/Currency, Instrument and Measurement, Individual and Group, Word and Synonym/Antonym, and so on are examples of general knowledge analogies.

## How to Answer an Analogy-Based Question:

Step 1: To solve problems in the Analogy reasoning portion, candidates must have a good command of the English language.

Step 2: Carefully read the question and determine the link between them before selecting the correct answer.

### Questions:

1) 6: 71: 42:: 98: ?

Solution:

71 – 29 = 42

Similar, 98 – 29 = 69

69 will take place of the question mark.

2)7: P21: J28:: G19:?

Solution:

P(16) – 6 = J(10), 21 + 7 = 28

In the same way, G(7) – 6 = A(1), 19 + 7 = 26.

A26 will take place of the question mark.

3)Kabul, Afghanistan: USA:

Solution:

Afghanistan’s capital is Kabul.

Similarly, the capital of the United States is Washington.

As a result, Washington will omit the question mark.

4)Abode: Home: Blend:

Solution:

Home is a synonym for Abode.

Likewise, Mix is a synonym for Blend.

As a result, Mix will be the new response.

5) History : Herodotus ∷ ? : Eratosthenes

Solution:

The following is the relationship:

History: Herodotus →Herodotus is regarded as the founder of history.

Similarly: Eratosthenes is known as the “Father of Geography.”

As a result, the correct answer is ‘Geography.’

## Conclusion:

Analogy portrays the “resemblance of one object to another in some characteristics” in Analogy Logical Reasoning. The purpose of analogy is to assess a candidate’s ability to figure out the relationship between two question pairs and then locate the required pair of words that is the most comparable to that relationship. In its most basic form, analogy refers to the comparison of objects that are similar in some way.

Analogies examine a wide range of word relationships. Reading comprehension, attention to detail, vocabulary, synonyms, antonyms, homophones, deductive reasoning, and logic are all enhanced, strengthened, and reinforced by studying them.

## Frequently asked questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the CAT Examination Preparation.

## How do you answer analogies questions?

Ans. In analogy questions, a specific relationship is given, and another like relationship must be found from the op...Read full

## What are the benefits of learning analogy?

Ans. Analogies examine a wide range of word relationships. Reading comprehensi...Read full

## How does an analogy help in daily life?

Ans. In its most basic form, analogy refers to the comparison of objects that are similar in some way. One can, for ...Read full

## How does the analogy work?

Ans. An analogy is a logical reasoning issue in which two items are contrasted...Read full

## What are the different forms of analogies?

Ans. There are the five different sorts of analogies: ...Read full