Order and Ranking is a broad term that refers to the issues of placing people or items in ascending or decreasing order depending on many factors such as height, weight, merit, position, and so on.
Identifying the location of a person or object in a row or line, as well as issues with the time sequence test, in which applicants must choose a specific day based on specified conditions.
How to Solve Order and Ranking Reasoning Questions:
Step 1: Position can come from either side of the row, but rank must come from the top or bottom.
Step 2: Candidates can use the method to calculate the total number of people in a row or column:
Rank from left + Rank from right – 1 = Total Person
Step 3:Number of people between two people
= the Total number of people – the sum of positions of two different people from opposite sides for non-overlapping type inquiries.
Step 4:Number of people between two people = Sum of locations of two separate people from opposite ends – Total number of people – 2 in overlapping type inquiries.
Step 5: The condition for overlapping is that the sum of the positions of two people from opposing ends is more than the total number of people.
SCHEDULE OF EVENTS:
Let us first acquire the following facts to address problems involving time sequence:
1 Minute is 60 seconds
1 Hour is 60 minutes
1 Day is 24 hour
1 Week is 7 days
A Month is 4 weeks
1 Ordinary year is 365 days.
1 Leap year is 366 days.
1 Century is 100s
Other things to remember:
The time of the earth’s rotation on its axis is measured in days. The time it takes the earth to travel around the sun is called a “solar year.” It is approximately 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 47 seconds.
The time it takes the moon to travel around the earth is called a ‘Lunar month.’ It is nearly 28 days long.
The leap year:
A leap year is one in which the year’s number is divisible by four. As a result, leap years such as 1996, 2008, and 2012 exist. Years such as 1997,1991, 2005, and 2007 are not divisible by four, and hence are not leap years.
For example, February is a leap year.
There are 52 weeks and 2 days in a leap year.
1)Neena arrived home three days earlier than her mother had expected. Veena, Neena’s sister, arrived five days after Neena was meant to return. What day did Veena return if Neena returned on Thursday?
Neena returned home on Thursday.
Neena should return 3 days later, i.e., on Sunday.
Veena returned five days after Sunday, i.e., on Friday.
∴ option a is right.
2)Vandana recalls that her father’s birthday falls between June 13 and June 16. Her brother, on the other hand, recalls that their father’s birthday falls between the 14th and the 18th of June. When does their Father’s birthday fall?
(a) 14th June (b) 16th June
(c) 15th June (d) 18th June
Vandana claims that her father’s birthday falls between the 14th and 15th of June. Vandana’s father’s birthday falls on one of the days between June 15th and 17th.
The father’s birthday falls on the same day as both of the above groups. The 15th is a common day.
As a result, the father’s birthday is on June 15th. Option (c) is correct.
3) Car A is 32nd from the right end of a line of 60 autos. What is its location in relation to the left end?
Solution: Left end position = (total number of cars + 1) – right end position
(60 + 1) – 32 = 61 – 32 = 29 from the left end.
As a result, automobile A’s position from the left end is 29.
4) In a row of 50 cards, Radha chose the 27th card from the left. What is the right-hand location of the same card be?
Total number of cards = Rightmost card position + Leftmost card position – 1
50 = Right-hand position of Radha’s card + 27 – 1
From the right, the position of Radha’s card is 50 – 27 + 1 = 24.
As a result, the card’s position from the right end is 24.
Order and ranking refer to a person’s place in relation to others. The process of identifying a person’s or thing’s position or place based on comparisons or positions of other people or things is known as ranking. In order and ranking logical thinking issues, one must establish the relative position or ranking of different groupings of people or items from left to right or from top to bottom of a row, class, or the total number of people.