Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
THE REVOLT OF 1857: 1.7 CONSEQUENCES Presented by Roman Saini
ABOUT ME Cleared CSE-2013 Co-founder at Unacademy Loves to teach Follow me on Unacademy: https://unacademy.in/user/RomanSaini
CONSEQUENCES > It is the single most important event in Modern Indian history Landmark Watershed Epoch defining Paradigm shift Start of a new era New dawn Birth of Indian National movement Pioneer movement etc.
CONSEQUENCES: GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ACT 1858, UK PARLIAMENT Lord Canning, Allahabad Durbar, 1st November, 1858 Company rule was completely abolished, each and every possession (territory, resources etc.) of company was transferred to crown Indian territories to be passed on to the Queen and to be ruled in her name Secretary of state received power of Court of Directors of EIC GG appointment under crown > Era of ICS (Indian or Imperial Civil Services) began. Almost 100% Britishers to begin with > Upto 1930s, hardly 5-10% Indians, mostly Britishers. By 1947 also, more than 60% Britishers!
CONSEQUENCES Britishers promised to check and/or abolish their policies of expansions like Doctrine of Lapse etc. Indian states were asked to recognise the sovereignty of crown Massive reforms and reorganisation of military Irreparable rift was created between Indians and Britishers, fuelled by mistrust, racism, European citizens were given preferential treatment, both in theory and in principle bwdteans wer g preferenial treatment.
CONSEQUENCES - British press and people: Felt that harsh measures taken to crush the revolt were "perfectly justified" > They were appalled by the selective perception (rape and killing of European citizens by Barbaric natives), Siege of Cawnpore (Bibighar Massacre) etc. Term Sepoy developed negative connotation Indians developed trust in their capabilities, which fuelled their struggle for freedom and equality over the next century Source of inspiration for next 90 years for our National movement for independence Sowed the seeds of anti-colonialism, anti-imperialism and started the wave of "nationalism" in India. Shook the foundation of British rule to the core.