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The Indian Judiciary-Part 1
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This lesson highlights the organisation, appointment and jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the High Courts of India

Sweta Chowdhury
Xaverian and Presidencian possessing B.A. and M.A. in Political Science with a quest for liberating through knowledge. UGC NET qualified.

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Unacademy user
if I follow all unacademy video an after make notes. ..only it enough for upsc. ..?
  1. INDIAN JUDICIARY LESSON 1 BY SWETA CHOWDHURY


  2. ORGANISATION SINGLE INTEGRATED JUDICIARY- No double system of courts for the Union and the States like the United States SUPREME COURT-direction to the Union and the States for an All India Judicial Service HIGH COURTS SUBORDINATE COURTS


  3. THE SUPREME COURT Art. 141-federal Court, Court of Appeal and a Guardian of the Constitution- law declared by it is binding on all other Courts in India Art. 124-CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA ANDA MAXIMUM OF TWENTY FIVE OTHER JUDGES- POWER IN THE HANDS OF THE PARLIAMENT TO LEGISLATE ON THE CONSTITUTION, ORGANISATION, JURISDICTION AND POWERS Art.127, Art.128- CJl may appoint a retired Supreme Court Judge or a High Court Judge as an ad hoc Judge of the Supreme Court in case of a lack of quorum


  4. APPOINTMENT AND QUALIFICATION OF JUDGES Appointment by the President after consulting the Chief Justice of India and other Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts- obligatory consultation by the Executive with the members of the Judiciary-collegium Office held until the age of sixty-five years-can be removed through Impeachment- Art. 124(4) and the Judges(Inquiry) Act, 1968 Indian o Court Judge for a minimum of five years, Advocate of a Hig Court or two or more such Courts in succession for at least ten years


  5. ORIGINAL,APPELLATE AND ADVISORYJURISDICTION Art. 131- ORIGINAL jurisdiction- federal disputes-GOVERRNMENT OF INDIA AND ANY OF THE STATES, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA AND ANY STATE OR STATES ON ONE SIDE AND ANY OTHER STATE OR STATES ON THE OTHER, BETWEEN TWO OR MORE STATES- EXCLUSIVE jurisdiction of the Supreme Court Art. 132, Art. 133, Art. 134, Art. 136- APPELLATE jurisdiction- HIGHEST COURT OF APPEAL 1. CASES INVOLVING AN INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION 2. CIVIL CASES 3. CRIMINAL CASES 4. APPEAL BY SPECIAL LEAVE Art. 143- ADVISORY jurisdiction- legal opinion sought by the President from the Supreme Court


  6. THE HIGH COURT Art. 214-Provision for a High Court in each State Art. 231- Power in the hands of the Parliament to establish a common Hiah Court for two or more States COMPOSITION-Chief Justice and other Judges as the President of India may appoint from time to time President is empowered to appoint additional Judges and an acting Judge


  7. APPOINTMENT AND QUALIFICATIONS OF JUDGES Appointed by the President after a consultation with the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the State and the Chief Justice of the High Court- Art. 217 PARTICIPATORY CONSULTATIVE PROCESS QUALIFICATIONS- Indian Citizenship, below 62 years of age, held a judicial office in India for at least ten years, Advocate of the High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession- Art. 217(2)


  8. TERRITORIAL AND ORDINARY JURISDICTION Territorial-JURISDICTION WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF THE STATE. PARLIAMENT MAY EXTEND THE JURISDICTION BY ESTABLISHING COMMON HIGH COURT FOR TWO STATES OR BY EXTENDING JURISDICTION TO THEIR ADJOINING UNION TERRITORIES Ordinary- Art. 225- Restrictions upon jurisdiction with regard to revenue issues that existed before the coomencement of the Constitution shall cease to exist LETTERS PATENT AND CENTRAL AND STATE ACTS, CIVIL AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODES APPELLATE jurisdiction-civil and criminal Art. 227-POWER OF SUPERINTENDENCE OVER ALL COURTS AND TRIBUNALS EXCEPT MILITARY TRIBUNALS


  9. THANK YOU RATE, REVIEW, RECOMMEND, FOLLOW