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Federalism- Part 4
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This lesson throws light on the important commissions set up for the determination of Centre-State relations along with some of the crying federal issues in Indian politics.

Sweta Chowdhury
Xaverian and Presidencian possessing B.A. and M.A. in Political Science with a quest for liberating through knowledge. UGC NET qualified.

Unacademy user
mam, PSIR optional kab tak (date, time) complete hoga ??

  2. SARKARIA COMMISSION DATE OF CONSTITUTION: 9th June 1983 CHAIRMAN: Justice RS. Sarkaria MEMBERS: Justice Sarkaria, Shri B Sivaraman, Dr. S.R.Sen PURPOSE OF CONSTITUTION: Examination and review of the existing system of operation with respect to the powers, functions and responsibilities between the Union and the States- holistic

  3. REPORT OF THE SARKARIA COMMISSION OF SUBMISSION. Jenuary 19347 rocommendation- 19 EXHUASTIVE REPORT: 1600 pages. 247 recommendations-19 Chapters MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS: Expansion of the duties of the Inter-State Council covering the whole of Art. 263(b) and Art.263(c) Necessity of an independent and permanent secretariat of the Council- furthering the process of "contact, consultation and interaction" Establishment of an Inter-Governmental Council Implementation of the three-language formula Amendments for sharing taxes

  4. MM PUNCHHI COMMISSION DATE OF CONSTITUTION: 27th April 2007 CHAIRMAN: Justice Madan Mohan Punchhi MEMBERS: Justice Punchhi, Shri Dhirendra Singh, Shri Vinod Kumar Dugal, Dr. N.R. Madhava Menon, Shri Vijay Shanker PURPOSE: Examination and review of the "working of existing arrangements between the Union and States REPORT SUBMISSION: 30th March 2010-273 recommendations- seven volumes

  5. IMPORTANT RECOMMENDATIONS Legislation of Concurrent List items on a consultative basis President's pocket veto was an irritant for State Bills through an Interstate Council communication of President's decision within a reasonable period of time (6 months is necessary Amendment in terms of the appointment, qualification and powers of the Governors Empowerment of National Integration Council-end communal violence Regulation of the treaty making powers of the Union

  6. ISSUES HIGHLIGHTING FEDERAL DISPUTES IN INDIA NCTC: National Counter Terrorism Centre-Chief Ministers of most of the States alleged unilateralism and refused to provide support. They were also against placing the NCTC under the Intelligence Bureau LOKPAL AND L KAYUKTA BILL: Insistence of the Hazare team to appoint Lokpal both at the Centre and the states- implementation was made difficult as various States opposed the incorporation of Lokayukta under Central legislation

  7. ISSUES HIGHLIGHTING FEDERAL DISPUTES IN INDIA EXTERNAL AFFAIRS: Teesta water sharing agreement with Bangladesh had to be dropped due to the non involvement of the State of West Bengal UN resolution with regard to the violation of Human Rights in Sri Lanka- Centre was eventually compelled to support the resolution due to increasing pressure from the State of Tamil Nadu Direct dealings between the United States and the Chief Minister of West Bengal

  8. CONCLUSION- IS FEDERALISM DEAD? Co-existence of different parties at the Centre and the States Increasing demands for Statehood Formation of an "Opposition Conclave" by the States for the enlargement of financial powers and State autonomy "Federalism has not withered away" in spite of the strong Central bias