THE PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM IN INDIA LESSON2 BY SWETA CHOWDHURY
WHY PARLIAMENTARY? . D.D. BASU- adoption of a Presidential form of government along the lines of the American system would prove detrimental to India . Presidential system- strict SEPARATION OF POWERS between the Executive and the Legialature- India "could ill afford to risk" conflicts arising out of the independence of the two organs-nascent democracy- not suitable o Adoption of Parliamentary system- British model minus the hereditary monarch as the Head-adoption of the term REPUBLIC- elected Head- Irish Model
THE PROS OF HAVING A PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM . ABSENCE OF NEGLIGENCE OR PARTIAL TREATMENT representation of diverse groups OF THE SUNDRY- ethnic, racial, linguistic, ideological-provision for a political space to the diverse groups- respect for plurality ACCOMODATIVE PREVENTION OF UNECESSARY DELAY AND CONFLICT- composition of the Lower House- majority of the members are favourable towards the ruling party, that is, the political Executive- passage of Bills and the implementation of laws are made easier
THE PROS . PREVENTION OF ARBITRARINESS ON THE PART OF THE EXECUTIVE- no conferment of power on one person- power is collectively held by the Council of Ministers- removal of the Government as a whole by the Parliament- no-confidence motion PARLIAMENTARY CONTROLOVER THE EXECUTIVE- financial control, administrative control, legislative control, representative control
THE PROS . EXISTENCE OF A RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT- MINISTERIAL RESPONSIBILITY-responsibility and accountability of the Executive before the Legislature- scope for the Legislature to keep the Executive under constant pressure- not possible in a Presidential form of Government PRESENCE OF THE OPPOSITION- an alternate government- safeguard against authoritarian tendencies of the ruling Executive
LEGISLATURE RULING GOVERNMENT 0 PRESIDENT OPPOSITION PARTY
Xaverian and Presidencian possessing B.A. and M.A. in Political Science with a quest for liberating through knowledge. UGC NET qualified.