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Parliamentary System-Part 1
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The Parliamentary system and its features have been dealt with in this lesson

Sweta Chowdhury
Xaverian and Presidencian possessing B.A. and M.A. in Political Science with a quest for liberating through knowledge. UGC NET qualified.

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  1. LESSON 1 BY SWETA CHOWDHURY THE PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM OF INDIA


  2. PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM- ADOPTED FROM THE BRITISH CONSTITUTION SUBORDINATION OF THE EXECUTIVE TO THE Art. 74, Art.75, Art. 163, LEGISLATURE-ACCOUNTABLE TO THE PEOPLE- DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM Art. 164 Minister Members of the Legislature SOURCE OF LEGITIMACY


  3. PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM FEATURES TWO HEADS OF THE STATE: - 1. NOMINAL- CEREMONIAL HEAD- NOMINAL EXECUTIVE- PRESIDENT 2. REAL- EXECUTIVE WEILDING REAL ADMINISTRATIVE POWERS- PRIME MINISTER-Art. 75- appointment by the President- Art.74- COUNCIL OF MINISTERS HEADED BY THE PRIME MINISTER WOULD AID AND ADVISE THE PRESIDENT IN CARRYING OUT HIS FUNCTIONS PRESIDENT NG OUT HIS FUNCTIONSV CABINET GOVERNMENT- CABINET HOLDS EXECUTIVE POWER


  4. FEATURES NO SEPARATION OF POWERS BETWEEN THE EXECUTIVE AND THE LEGISLATURE- A MEMBER OF THE PARLIAMENT ALONE CAN ACQUIRE THE MEMBERSHIP OF THE EXECUTIVE- IN CASE OF AN APPOINTMENT OF A MINISTER WHO IS NOT A MEMBER OF THE PARLIAMENT, THE PERSON SO APPOINTED MUST BECOME A MEMBER OF THE PARLIAMENT WITHIN SIX MONTHS FORMATION OF GOVERNMENT BY THE PARTY THAT HAS ATTAINED MAJORITY THE RULING PARTY MUST BE THE ONE THAT HAS ACHIEVED A MAJORITY OF SEATS IN THE LOK SABHA ELECTIONS- PRESIDENT APPOINTS THE LEADER OF THE MAJORITY PARTY AS THE PRIME MINISTER- WHEN NO PARTY ACQUIRES MAJORITY, THE PRESIDENT MAY INVITE A COALITION OF PARTIES TO FORM THE GOVERNMENT


  5. FEATURES COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS TO THE LOK SABHA- THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS HOLD OFFICE AS LONG AS THEY ENJOY THE SUPPORT OF THE MEMBERS OF THE LOK SABHA- CAN BE REMOVED BY A NO-CONFIDENCE MOTION PRESENCE OF AN OPPOSITION- VOCAL YET CONSTRUCTIVE- CONSTRUCTIVE CRITICISM- CHECK ON THE MISUSE OF AUTHORITY BY THE POLITICAL EXECUTIVE


  6. FEATURES ROLE OF THE CIVIL SERVICE- INDEPENDENT- PERMANENT EXECUTIVE- ADVISORY ROLE ALONG WITH THE TASK OF IMPLEMENTING GOVERNMENTAL DECISIONS- MAXIMIZATION OF EFFICIENCY IN ADMINISTRATION BY THE BUREAUCRACY- CONTINUITY - BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE: 2 HOUSES OF THE PARLIAMENT LOWER HOUSE- LOK SABHA-HOUSE OF THE PEOPLE- COMPRISES OF MEMBERS WHO ARE ELECTED BY THE PEOPLE-REPRESENTATIVES OF THE PEOPLE UPPER HOUSE- RAJYA SABHA- COUNCIL OF STATES- REPRESENTATION OF THE STATES


  7. THANK YOU