Public Distribution System By SHAILENDRA YADAV The Chhattisgarh Model of PDS system
ABOUT ME SHAILENDRA YADAV -Assistant professor @ Babulal Tarabai Institute of Research and Technology (BTIRT), Sagar M.F. Faculty @ Mantra IAS Academy Sagar M.P. -I am passionate about Teaching ,like to play cricket, love Painting,Travelling etc te about Teaching ,like to RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND
The Chhattisgarh Model of PDS system It is political will that seems to matter most. Somehow, the PDS became a political priority in Chhattisgarh and a decision was made to turn it around, instead of siding with the corrupt dealers who were milking the system. bosses firmly direct the bur begin to change
IDEA OF CHANGE One of the early steps towards PDS reform was the "de-privatising" of ration shops. In Chhattisgarh, private dealers were allowed to get licences for PDS shops from 2001 onwards (before that, PDS shops were run by the state co-operatives network) In 2004, the government reversed this order (despite fierce opposition from the dealers) and put Gram Panchayats, Self-Help Groups, Van Suraksha Samitis and other community institutions in charge of the ration shops. Aside from bringing ration shops closer to people's homes, this helped to impart some accountability in the PDS. > When people run their own ration shop, there is little incentive to cheat, since that would be like cheating themselves.
Another major reform was to ensure "doorstep delivery" of the PDS grain. This means that grain is delivered by state agencies to the ration shop each month, instead of dealers having to lift their quotas from the nearest godown. How does this help? > It is well known that corrupt dealers have a tendency to give reduced quantities to their customers and sell the difference in the black market (or rather the open market). What is less well understood is that the diversion often happens before supplies reach the village is that the diversion often happens before supplies reach the village Dealers get away with this by putting their hands up helplessly and telling their customers that "picche se kam aaya hai" (there was a shortfall at the godown). When the grain is delivered to the ration shop, in the village, it is much harder for the dealers to siphon it off without opposition
STEP THREE ration card. When swiped into a point-of-sale device, all Destination Santram Sahu and his wife Samita A c down for a meal in detais of a such as entitlements, show up. The details are matched with information on a central server. Handouts a A sries of reforms and a high-tech makeover have heiped the state t run food fficiently run food schemes monts each month are logged SERVER A centralised food department server monitors the entire food supply chain -from silo to store STEP TWO Fair price shops use a GPRS Inked point-of-sale device, res embling a credit card swipe STEP ONE You're being watched: Food being loaded on to lorries bound for fair price shops in Chhattisgarh's machine, to ddiver ration. After each transaction, it prints After eachgeable dey can be used offline if connectivity is temporarily unavailable The lorries are painted bright yelow so that they could be easly spotted by vilagers if they were to be unloaded elsewhere
> These two measures (de-privatising ration shops and doorstep delivery) were accompanied by rigorous monitoring, often involving creative uses of technology For instance, a system of "SMS alerts" was launched to inform interested citizens (more than 15,o00 have already registered) of grain movements, and all records pertaining to supplies sales, timelines, etc. were computerised. > Efforts were increased to bring in more transparency by involving public and making the system online. Call centres were established throughout the state. All the information about collection and distribution of ration at PDS outlets were made public by making it available on the website. Chhattisgarh's public distribution system reforms have been lauded as a model for the National Food Security Act, and as one that other states can emulate
Significant highlights of the Chhattisgarh's PDS system The state provides pulse, gram, sugar, iodized salt to the beneficiaries to ensure nutrition security in addition to food security. Around 90% of the people in Chhattisgarh have been provided with both food and nutritional security. The state became the first state to provide 'Right-to-Food' to its people and made it into a law. Under Chhattisgarh Food Security Act, 2.32 crore people are reaping the benefits. Landless labourers, small farmers having a land holding up to 5 acres, unorganized labourers like barbers, shoe-makers, carpenters etc have been included in the priority list under the act. From the 2014, the state government started implementing the Core PDS scheme. According to this scheme, the ration shop owners are answerable to the consumers. This scheme has won many national awards. The state has launched Meri Marji' scheme in 2012 which is in operation in selected districts. According to this scheme, consumers can buy rations from the shops of their choice under the Core PDS system. In this year's budget, it has been announced that around 3 lakh out of the 5.35 lakh fair price shops in the country would be provided automation facilities by March 2017
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Faculty @ Mantra IAS Academy Sagar /Assist.Prof/UPSC/JRF Qualified/PhD/Antenna Design Expert/Scientist@ Research Foundation India