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Corruption in Public Distribution System (in Hindi)
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In this lesson, we will discuss about the corruption in Public Distribution System from political to local level and how public is suffering for it.

Shailendra Yadav
Faculty @ Mantra IAS Academy Sagar /Assist.Prof/UPSC/JRF Qualified/PhD/Antenna Design Expert/Scientist@ Research Foundation India

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  1. Public Distribution System By SHAILENDRA YADAV Corruption In Public Distribution System


  2. ABOUT ME SHAILENDRA YADAV Assistant professor @ Babulal Tarabai Institute of Research and Technology (BTIRT), Sagar M.F. Faculty @ Mantra IAS Academy Sagar M.P. -I am passionate about Teaching ,like to play cricket, love Painting,Travelling etc te about Teaching ,like to RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND


  3. Corruption In Public Distribution System HOW CORRUPTION CREEPS IN The chain of corruption in the public distribution system begins at the sourcing stage itself The politics of support prices > The government allocates funds for the public distribution scheme. The scheme aims to provide foodgrains and commodities to poor people at affordable prices s and commodities to poor people at affordable prices The government sources produce for the system from farmers; it sets a minimum support price to do so. The MSP is usually governed by factors such as the monsoon, crop yield, and vote- bank politics BUDGET


  4. Procurement and pilferage FCI > The government-owned Food Corporation of India procures farm produce. Sometimes, the support price is so low that it can only attract low-quality produce; the rest goes to the open market. The government tries to avoid this by upping the support price if it looks like it cannot procure the amount of grain it needs Still, a portion of the procured grain sometimes finds its way into the open market. MARKET


  5. Pain at the point of sale usually get licences to run shops on the basis of political patronage or outright bribes. > People have difficulty in getting whatever little reaches ration shops. Shop-owners market. Result: people get less than they are entitled to, or are charged more for what they get > The only way they can earn profits is by diverting produce to the open RATION SHOP OUT oF STOCK


  6. Identification, inclusion and exclusion Ration cards ares Ration cards are suppposed to be issued to people living below or on the verge of the poverty line. The process of issuing cards is, again, rife with corruption. Money and influence are the usual determinants of who gets ration cards, and who doesn't. Worse, bogus cards are often used to divert supplies to the open market. And it takes a lot to effect changes in ration cards.


  7. POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS 1. Food vouchers > The current system makes ration card holders captive customers of specified ration shops. The government could consider issuing food vouchers to card holders. These vouchers can be exchanged for food from any shop. The owners of these shops can trade these vouchers in for cash. The quality of the produce, its price, and the way shop owners (private shop owners) procure their supplies will all be market-determined. As will be the quality of customer service and efficiency, from procurement to distribution > markstribeteomined As wll be the quality of eustomer service and efficiency from procurement


  8. 2. Local procurement and distributiorn One reason for the inefficiencies and corruption that plague the current system is the long distribution chain. Food supplies go waste or are diverted at each step of the process It also takes a long time for food produce to reach ends of the chain (this also increases the cost of managing the public distribution system) If the local administration takes charge of procurement (unless certain foods are not available locally), it can collect food produce locally. This can then be distributed locally to eligible households


  9. 3 Community grain fund The problems can also be addressed by involving local people in the process. Thus, procurement and storage of grain is done at the local level, and could be managed by local women ry wealth ranking process. This addresses issues related to exclusion and inclusion, a major problem in the current public distribution system. > The fund can also lend money to farmers to cultivate crops and take a part of the produce as repayment in kind, further simplifying the procurement process


  10. WHAT AILS PDS? > Users often do not get their rightful entitlement in terms of quantity. What's meant for them is diverted to the open market. This happens at the beginning of the chain itself. Ration shops do not open every day. Nor do they keep regular hours. The objective would appear to be to limit access to people and divert grain and other produce to the open market This is a common practice adopted by most people that run ration shops. They charge people theohodiy rge people more than the mandated rates, and they often under-weigh the commodities People have to pay bribes for small things, such as getting a ration card in the first place adding or deleting the name of a family member, or changing the address mentioned in it. > The staff at ration shops doesn't know the meaning of the term customer service in most cases. People are harassed and have to make multiple visits. > The supply offices are lorded over by middlemen and touts. Procedures are made to appear so complicated that people usually end up using middlemen for small tasks too