Public Distribution System By SHAILENDRA YADAV Public Distribution System (PDS): Importance ,Challenges and Reforms
ABOUT ME SHAILENDRA YADAV Assistant professor @ Babulal Tarabai Institute of Research and Technology (BTIRT), Sagar M.F. Faculty @ Mantra IAS Academy Sagar M.P. -I am passionate about Teaching ,like to play cricket, love Painting,Travelling etc te about Teaching ,like to RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND
Growing significance of TPDS > In People's Union for Civil Liberties v. Union of India case, Supreme Court contended that the "right to food" is essential to the right to life as provided in Article 21 of the Constitution. In line with this Parliament passed the National Food Security Act (NFSA) in 2013. The NFSA seeks to make the right to food a legal entitlement by providing subsidized food grains to almost two-thirds of the population. It relies on the existing Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) mechanism to deliver these entitlements Why is PDS important? > Food grains to the poor, at prices lower than the price of food grains at private shops.Food grains are directly purchased from farmers, assuring farmers with a greater price
Storage of food grains > According to the storage guidelines of the FCI, food grains are normally stored in covered godowns and silos In case if FCI has insufficient storage space, it hires space from various agencies such as the central and state warehousing corporations (CWC, SWC), state government agencies and private parties. > Issues with storage: Inadequate storage capacity with FCI.Food grains rotting or damaging on the CAP or Cover & Plinth storage. >
Allocation of foodgrains > The central government allocates food grains from the central pool to the state governments at uniform Central Issue Price (CIP) for the distribution through PDS. > Identification of poor people- The onus is on the state G Identification of poor people- The onus is on the state Government to identify the eligible households in each state. Apart from that allocation of food grains within State, issue of Ration Cards and supervision of the functioning of Fair Price Shops (FPSs) etc. rest with the State Governments for BPL and AAY (Antyodaya Anna Yojana -poorest among the BPL families) families is done on the basis of the number of identified households.
Reforms > Cash is transferred to the beneficiaries' account in lieu of foodgrains subsidy component They will be free to buy food grains from anywhere in the market. For taking up this model, pre-requisites for the States/UTs would be to complete digitization of beneficiary data and seek Aadhaar and bank account details of beneficiaries > > I It is estimated that cash transfers alone could save the exchequer Rs.30,ooo crore every year.Use of GPS technology:
foodgrains from state depots to FPS which can help to prevent diversion.SMS-based monitoring: Allows monitoring by citizens so they can register their mobile numbers and send/receive SMS alerts during dispatch and arrival of TPDS commodities Use of web-based citizens portal: Public Grievance Redressal Machineries, such as a toll-free number for call centers to register complaints or suggestions.
Summary > The government has achieved significant milestones in the PDS reforms. As part of the implementation of NFSA, almost all states have undertaken PDS reforms. Over 42 % cards are linked with Point of sale devices which have been installed in over 77000 ration Shops, 100% digitization of cards are not too far. In the nutshel, the much-needed PDS reforms are moving in the right direction and one can hope that the inefficiency in the system would be removed to ensure the food security millions of people in our country.
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Faculty @ Mantra IAS Academy Sagar /Assist.Prof/UPSC/JRF Qualified/PhD/Antenna Design Expert/Scientist@ Research Foundation India