MODERN HISTORY & CULTURE ADVENT OF EUROPEAN INVASION THE BRITISH
In 1588, the English defeated the Spanish Armada & consequently became the most important naval power of Europe Then they thought of establishing colonies in the Eastern countries So the English East India company was started by 100 from Queen Elizabeth -I on Dec 31st 1600 to carry on trade with the East London merchants who received permission
In 1608, King James I of England sent Captain William Hawkins to the court of Jahangir to obtain permission to establish a factory at Surat but permission refused In 1615, Sir Thomas Roe arrived at the court of Jahangir and succeeded in getting permission to set up their trading centres at Agra, Broach & Ahamadabad
In 1639, Francis Day, bought a piece of land from the Raja of Chandragiri & laid the foundation for modern Madras for a small rent In 1640 the British built Fort St.George in Madras Charles Il the King of England married Catherine the daughter of the king of Portugal He bought Bombay, a small village as a part of dowry
In 1668, Charles II gave Bombay on lease to the English East India company at a nominal rent of 10 Euro In 1699 they got permission from Aurangazeb & set up a factory in Calcutta Built a fort William after King William IlI >Then they established factories at Hariharpur, Balasore, Hughli & Kazimbazaar
>The British settlements soon developed into centres of commercial activities Thus the English East India company expanded its influence & control over India till 1858 Then the administration of India was taken over by British Crown from English East India company
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