AN INTRODUCTION TO INDIAN ART PRESENTED BY- SHIV KUMAR
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INDIAN BRONZE SCULPTURE Indus Valley Culture was discovered the process of making alloy of metals by mixing copper, zincand tin which is called bronze. "lost-wax' process for casting Ex 'Dancing Girl' metal-casting process continued to be utilised for making articles for various purposes of daily use, such as utensils for cooking, eating,drinking, etc.
SOME ASPECTS OFINDO-ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE IN the seventh and eighth centuries CE, Islam spread towardsSpain and India. Islam came to India, particularly, with Muslimmerchants, traders, holy men and conquerors Muslims absorbed many features of local cultures and traditions and combined them with their own architectural practices. style known as Indo-Saracenic or Indo-lslamic architecture.
According to E. B. Havell, Hindus conceived manifestations ofgod everywhere in multiple forms as part of their religious faith where as a Muslim thought of only one with Muhammad as His Prophet TYPOLOGIES OF STRUCTURES . building like mosques for daily prayers, the Jama Masjids, tombs, dargahs, minars, hammams, formally laid out gardens, madrasas, sarais or caravansarais, Kos minars, etc., were constructed over a period of time. CATEGORIES OF STYLES categorised into the Imperial Style (Delhi Sultanate), the Provincial Style (Mandu, Gujarat, Bengal, and Jaunpur), the Mughal Style (Delhi, Agra, and Lahore) and the Deccani Style (Bijapur, Golconda).
DECORATIVE FORMS designs were either left plain or covered with colours. The lotus bud fringe was used In the fourteenth,centuries tiles were also used to surface the walls and the domes
MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTION The walls in all buildings were extremely thick And walls were then cased over with chunam or limestone plaster or dressed stone. . stones were utilised for construction such as quartzite, sandstone, buff, marble, etc. .From the beginning of the seventeenth century, bricks were also used for construction forts .Building monumental forts with embattlements was a regular feature in medieval times, often symbolising the seat of power of a king. Examples-the forts of Chittor, Gwalior, Daulatabad, earlier known as Devgiri and Golconda.
MINARS Two most striking minars of medieval times are the Qutub Minar in Delhi and the Chand Minar at Daulatabad fort. use of the minar was for the azaan or call to prayer. Its phenomenal height,symbolised the might and power of the ruler. . The Qutub Minar, built in the thirteenth century, is a 234-feet-high tapering tower divided into five storeys. . Chand Minar, built in the fifteenth century, is a 210- feet-high tapering tower divided into four storeys.
Qutub Minar Delhi