AN INTRODUCTION TO INDIAN ART PRESENTED BY- SHIV KUMAR
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PREHISTORIC ROCK PAINTINGS no paper or languageor the written word, and hence no books or writtendocuments, is called prehistory (prehistoric times) Why did prehistoric people draw these pictures
The prehistoric period in the early development ofhuman beings is commonly known as the Old Stone Age or the Palaeolithic Age. It is interesting to know that the first discovery of rock paintings was made in India in 1867-68 by an archaeologist, Archibold Carlleyle, twelve years before the discovery of Altamira in Spain. wa twelve years before the discyae archaeologist, Archibold Remnants of rock paintings have been found on the walls of the caves situated in several districts of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Bihar The paintings here can be divided into three categories: man, animal and geometric patterns in white, black and red ochre
Hand-linced dancing figures. Lakhudiyar Uttarakhand Wavy lines, Lakkhudiyar Uttarakhand
The caves of Bhimbetka were discovered in 1957-58 by eminent archaeologist V.S. Wakankar Cave entrance. Bhimbetica Madhya Pradesh
The drawings and paintings can be catagorised into seven historical periods. Period I, Upper Palaeolithic; Period Il, Mesolithic; and Period III, Chalcolithic. After Period Ill there are four successive periods. Upper Palaeolithic Period . Upper Palaeolithic phase are linear representations, in green and dark red, of huge animal figures, such as bisons, elephants, tigers, rhinos and boars besides stick-like human figures Mesolithic Period paintings are smaller in size. Hunting scenes predominate hunting scenes depict people hunting in groups, armed with barbed spears, pointed sticks, arrows and bows. In some paintings these primitive men are shown with traps and snares probably to catch animals
Chalcolithic Period The paintings of this period reveal the association, contact, and mutual exchange of requirements of the cave dwellers of this area with settled agricultural communities of the Malwa plains. The artists of Bhimbetka used many colours, including various shades of white, yellow, orange, red ochre, purple, brown, green and black.
ARTS OF THE INDUS VALLEY THE arts of the Indus Valley Civilisation emerged during the second half of the third millennium BCE two major sites of the Indus Valley Civilisation,along the Indus river-the cities of Harappa in the north and Mohenjodaro in the south. important sites excavated in India are Lothal and Dholavira in Gujarat,Rakhigarhi in Haryana, Ropar in the Punjab,Kalibangan and Balathal in Rajasthan, etc.
Stone Statues three-dimensional volumes . In stone are two male figures-one is a torso in red sandstone and the other is abust of a bearded man in steatite.
Terracotta Crude as compared to stone and bronze statue mother goddess And toys Terracotta toys
. Pottery The Indus Valley pottery consists chiefly of very fine wheelmade wares, very few being hand-made. Plain pottery used for household purposes Painted pottery . Perforated pottery used for straining liquor.