SHALINI BHATT(English Educator Teaching experience of 4 years BSC Honours Hobbies Reading novels, writing and painting Follow me on: https://unacademy.com/user/ShaliniBhatt
NARRATION (Direct and Indirect speech) Presented by: SHALINI BHATT.
NARRATION: The word narration means to say' or 'to assert'. Based on this any statement made by a speaker may be presented in two forms- 1) Direct speech 2) Indirect speech
Direct speech-The statement is presented using similar words(according to context) Indirect speech-The statement is presented using our own words.
Use of 'we 1) If 'we' is used as a pronoun for expressing a universal truth, it remains unchanged Eg-They said, "We cannot live without air or water. We cannot live with They said that we cannot live without air or water.
Use of 'we 2) While if we' is used by the organisation eg- Newspaper, Magazine, Company etc ,it gets converted into 'it' or 'its'. Eg-The channel said, "We are soon going to start a new dance show The channel said that it was soon going to start a new dance show.
The Pronoun present in the reported speech also changed accordingly- 1st person-According to subject 2nd person-According to object Eg-He said to me, 'l am going to win and you are not. He said that he was going to win and I was not. Explanation-"l'is the 1st person and has changed according to 'He'(subject) you' is second person which has changed according to me'(object)
If the reporting verb does not contain any object and the reported speech contains you' then the 'you'gets converted into third person or first person ie he/she/ it they etc according to the need. Eg-1) He said, 'You need to work hard'. He said that (he/they) needed to work hard. 2) He said, 'You all are going to be punished He said that (welthey) all were going to be punished.
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