SHALINI BHATT(English Educator Teaching experience of 4 years BSC Honours Hobbies Reading novels, writing and painting Follow me on: https://unacademy.com/user/ShaliniBhatt
NARRATION (Direct and Indirect speech) Presented by: SHALINI BHATT.
NARRATION: The word narration means to say' or 'to assert'. Based on this any statement made by a speaker may be presented in two forms- 1) Direct speech 2) Indirect speech
Direct speech-The statement is presented using similar words(according to context) Indirect speech-The statement is presented using our own words.
NOTE- If the reported verb is in the past tense ,the tense of the verb contained in the reported speech changes.
1) Simple present- Simple past Eg-He said, 'I never go to the gym.' (Direct) He said that he never went to the gym.(Indirect) 2) Simple past - Past perfect Eg-He said, 'I ate an apple. (Direct) He said that he had eaten an apple.(Indirect)
3) Present continuous-Past continuous Eg-He said, ' I am going to the destination.'(Direct) He said that he was going to the destination.(Indirect) 4) Past continuous - Past perfect continuous Eg-Ram said, They were going to attend the function. (Direct) Ram said that they had been going to attend the function .(Indirect)
5) Present perfect - Past perfect Eg-He said, 'I have completed my work.' (Direct) He said that he had completed his work.(Indirect) 6) Present perfect cont. Past perfect cont. Eg-Ram said, 'I have been working in the company for a month.'(Direct) Ram said that he had been working in the company for a month.(Indirect)
NOTE- Past perfect- No change Past perfect continuous- No change Universal truth -No change Eg- Our teacher said, The earth revolves around the sun.'(Direct) Our teacher said that the Earth revolves around the sun.'(Indirect)
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