SHALINI BHATT(English Educator Teaching experience of 4 years BSC Honours Hobbies Reading novels, writing and painting Follow me on: https://unacademy.com/user/ShaliniBhatt
NARRATION (Direct and Indirect speech) Presented by: SHALINI BHATT.
NARRATION: The word narration means to say' or 'to assert'. Based on this any statement made by a speaker may be presented in two forms- 1) Direct speech 2) Indirect speech
Direct speech-The statement is presented using similar words(according to context) Indirect speech-The statement is presented using our own words.
Reporter- The one who speaks Reporting verb- The verb used by the speaker. Reporting speech- What is in the inverted commas Verb of Reported speech-The verb that lies in the inverted commas.
Example- My friend said to me, 'I am going to perform in the show. Reporter- friend Reporting verb- said to Reporting speech-'1 am...he show' Verb of Reported speech- going to perform
TENSE 1) Present tense 2) Past tense 3) Future tense
Present tense Simple present Subject + V1(s or es) + object He eats an apple Subject+ is/am/are + V4(ing) + object He is eating an apple. Present continuous Subject + has/have V 3 + object He has eaten an apple. Present perfect Present perfect continuous Subject + has/have +been + V4+object+time He has been eating an apple for 2 hours.
Past tense Simple past Subject + V2 + object He ate an apple. Subject + was/were+ VA(ing)+object He was eating an apple. Past continuous Past perfect Subject + had + V3 + object He had eaten an apple. Past perfect continuous Subject + had +been V4+ object+ time He had been eating an apple for 2 hours.
Future tense Subject+ will/shall + V1 + object He will eat an apple. Simple future Subject+ will/shall+ be + V4(ing) + object He will be eating an apple. Future continuous Subject+ will/shall + have V3 + object He will have eaten an apple. Future perfect Past perfect cant. Subject +will/shall+have been+ V4+ object+ time He will have been eating an apple for 2 hours.
Unacademy VERIFIED ✔ and Star Educator⭐having 4 years teaching experience, done BSC honours and cleared IBPS clerk pre and SSC CGL pre