Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana By : Smriti Sethi
Introduction It is a maternity benefit program run by the government of India. It was introduced in 2010 and is implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. It is a conditional cash tra nster scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for first two live births. Conditional cash transfer programs aim to educe poverty by making welfare programs conditional upon the receivers' actions.
History . The scheme was launched in 2010 as Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) Yojana in 2014 Matritva Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) in It was renamed as Matritva Sahyog . Again renamed as Pradhan Mantri 2017.
Target Beneficiaries All Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (excluding PW&LM who are in regular employment with the Central Government or the State Governments or PSUs or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force). All eligible Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers who have their pregnancy on or after 01.01.2017 for first child in family. Case of Miscarriage/Still Birth: A beneficiary is eligible to receive benefits only once. In case of miscarriage/still birth, the beneficiary would be eligible to claim the remaining instalment(s) in event of any future pregnancy Thus, after receiving the 1st instalment, if the beneficiary has a miscarriage, she would only be eligible for receiving 2nd and 3rd instalment in event of future pregnancy subject to fulfilment of eligibility criterion and conditionalities of the scheme. Similarly, if the beneficiary has a miscarriage or still birth after receiving 1 st and 2nd instalments, she would only be eligible for receiving 3rd instalment in event of future pregnancy subject to fulfilment of eligibility criterion and conditionalities of the scheme. Case of Infant Mortality: A beneficiary is eligible to receive benefits under the scheme only once. That is, in case of infant mortality, she will not be eligible for claiming benefits under the scheme, if she has already received all the instalments of the maternity benefit under PMMVY earlier.
Feature:s In 2013, the scheme was brought under the National Food Security Act, 2013. It was done to implement the provision of cash maternity benefit of 6,000 stated in the Act. It is Centrally Sponsored Scheme under which the cost sharing ratio between the Centre and the States & UTs with Legislature is 60:40, for North-Eastern States & three Himalayan States, it is 90:10 and 100% Central assistance for Union Territories without Legislature.
Objectives Providing partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentives so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child. The cash incentive provided would lead to improved health seeking behaviour amongst the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW& LM).
Benefits Rs.1000 at the time of pregnancy registration Rs.2000 if they carry out atleast one anental checkup after 6 months. Rs.3000 when the birth of child is registered and his/her first cycle of vaccine starts.
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