Ganga Gram Project By : Smriti Sethi
Introduction TheUnion Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation has formally launched 'Ganga Gram' project at the Ganga Gram Swachata Sammelan held in New Delhi. The project was launched under the clean Ganga mission-Namami Gange Programme for holistic sanitation development in villages on the banks of River Ganga.
Feature:s It is an integrated approach for holistic development of villages situated on the banks of the holy River Ganga with active participation of villagers. The objectives include solid and liquid waste management, water conservation projects, renovation of ponds and water resources, organic farming, horticulture, and promotion of medicinal plants.
Background In August 2017, all 4,470 villages on the banks of the Ganges, located in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal were declared open defecation-free (ODF) . Out of these, 24 villages have been identified to transform them into Adarsh "Ganga Grams" by December, 2018. After achieving ODF target in Ganga Villages, implementation of solid and liquid waste management and other integrated activities are remaining tasks.
Highlights Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation is the nodal agency for its implementation. Project envisages solid and liquid waste management, renovation of ponds and water resources, water conservation projects, organic farming, horticulture, and promotion of medicinal plants. Ganga Swachhata Manch: It has also been created for awareness creation, knowledge sharing, learning and advocacy for the Ganga Gram Project.
Namami Gange Program Aims to make more than 1600 panchayats on the banks of Ganga open defecation free. Focus is on aviral dhara, (uninterrupted flow) and nirmal dhara' (clean flow) of Ganga. It focuses on pollution abatement interventions namely 1. Interception, diversion and treatment of waste water flowing through the open drains through bioremediation 2. Appropriate in-situ treatment 3. Use of innovative technologies 4. Sewage treatment plants (STPs) 5. Effluent treatment plant (ETPs) 6. Rehabilitation and augmentation of existing STPs and immediate short term measures for arresting pollution at exit points on river front to prevent inflow of sewage etc.
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