WELCOME FRIENDSTO UNACADEMY INDIA'S LARGEST LEARNING PLATFORM
COURSE TOPIC THE HINDU EDITORIAL TIMES 17 - JUNE - 2018
TITLE PARCHED OR POLLUTED
HEADLINE Urgent reforms are needed to deal with the acute water stress in most of India
PARCHED OR POLLUTED According to the Composite Water Management Index developed by Niti Aayog, 70% of the water resources are identified as polluted."This is based primarily on data supplied by States for calculating the index. If the water accessible to millions is contaminated, the problem is infinitely worse than that of availability. The system of ratings for States is based on their performance in augmenting water resources and watersheds, investing in infrastructure, providing rural and urban drinking water, and encouraging efficient agricultural use.
PARCHED OR POLLUTED What emerges from the early assessment is that States such as Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab and Telangana have initiated reforms for judicious water use, while populous ones such as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have failed to respond to the challenge. Tamil Nadu, which has a middling score, does well on augmentation of water sources, but is abysmally poor in ensuring sustainable use for farming. The trends that the data reflect of high to extreme stress faced by 600 million people call for speedy reforms.
PARCHED OR POLLUTED Two areas that need urgent measures are augmentation of watersheds that can pollution control enforcement. In this context, the Committee on Restructuring the Central Water Commission and the Central Ground Water Board, chaired by Mihir Shah, has called for a user-centric approach to water management, especially in agriculture
PARCHED OR POLLUTED As the Cauvery issue has demonstrated, State governments would rather seek judicial intervention than be accused of bartering away the rights to a precious resource under a shared, cooperative framework. Groundwater extraction patterns need to be better understood through robust data collection; less than 5% of about 12 million wells are now under study
PARCHED OR POLLUTED Steady urbanisation calls for a new management paradigm, augmenting sources of clean drinking water supply and treatment technologies that will encourage reuse. Pollution can be curbed by levying suitable costs. These forward-looking changes would need revamped national and State institutions, and updated laws.
PARCHED OR POLLUTED Conclusion A legal mandate will work better than just competition and cooperation; it would make governments accountable.
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