WELCOME FRIENDS TO UNACADEMY INDIA'S LARGEST LEARNING PLATFORM
COURSE TOPIC THE HINDU EDITORIALTIMES 26 - JUNE - 2018
TITLE AN UNEQUAL PLATTER
HEADLINE It is time the government finds a sustainable solution to the malnutrition crisis
AN UNEQUAL PLATTER Development is about expanding the capabilities of the disadvantaged, thereby improving their overall quality of life. Based on this understanding, Maharashtra, one of India's richest States, is a classic case of a lack of development which is seen in its unacceptably high level of malnutrition among children in the tribal belts. While the State's per capita income has doubled since 2004 (the result of sustained high economic growth), its nutritional status has not made commensurate progress
AN UNEQUAL PLATTER Results From A Survey In September 2016, the National Human Rights Commission issued notice to the Maharashtra government over reports of 600 children dying due to malnutrition in Palghar. The government responded, promising to properly implement schemes such as Jaccha Baccha and Integrated Child Development Services to check malnutrition. Our independent survey conducted in Vikramgad block of the district last year found that 57%, 21% and 53% of children in this block were stunted, wasted and underweight, respectively: 27% were severe stunted Our data challenges what Maharashtra's Women and Child Development Minister Pankaja Munde said in the Legislative Council in March- that "malnutrition in Palghar had come down in the past few months, owing to various interventions made by the government."
AN UNEQUAL PLATTER Scant Diet Diversity Stunting is caused by an insufficient intake of macro- and micro-nutrients. It is generally accepted that recovery from growth retardation after two years is only possible if the affected child is put on a diet that is adequate in nutrient requirements A critical aspect of nutrient adequacy is diet diversity, calculated by different groupings of foods consumed with the reference period ranging from one to 15 days. We calculated a 24-hour dietary diversity score by counting the number of food groups the child received in the last 24 hours
AN UNEQUAL PLATTER Analysis of the State's Budget shows that the nutrition expenditure as a percentage of the State Budget has drastically declined from 1.68% in 201 2-13 to 0.94% in 20 18-19, a pointer to the government's falling commitment to nutrition. It is no wonder then that our survey data show that nutrition schemes are not having the desired impact.
AN UNEQUAL PLATTER It is time the government looks at the root cause of the issue and finds a sustainable solution for tackling malnutrition. This is possible only when the state focusses on inclusive development by creating employment opportunities for the marginalised which would improve their purchasing power and, in turn, reduce malnutritiorn.
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