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Infertility
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In this lesson i have discussed about infertility. Also I have discussed about some of the reasons of infertility. And I have introduced you about assisted reproductive technologies. Thank you

Kalpesh J Gadhvi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Kalpesh J Gadhvi
Final Year MBBS Student | Discount code for Plus -"KalpeshGadhvi" | On the way to make More Doctors which Our Country Needs most

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Unacademy user
  1. Reproductive health Presented by Kalpesh Gadhvi


  2. About me Kalpesh gadhvi I am pursuing MBBS from PDU medical college Rajkot My hobbies are to play cricket and listen music You can follow me on unacademy If you like my courses than please rate review recommend and share it . o . .


  3. Sexually transmitted diseases


  4. 1.DISEASES OR INFECTIONS WHICH ARE TRANSMITTED SEXUALLY THROUGH SEXUAL INTERCOURSE ARE CALLED AS SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDS) OR VENEREAL DISEASES (VDS) OR REPRODUCTIVE TRACT INFECTIONS. 2.STDS CAN BE CLASSIFIED AS VIRAL, BACTERIAL, PROTOZOAN, FUNGAL, ETC


  5. How they are caused? DEPENDING ON THE DISEASE, STDS CAN BE SPREAD WITHANY TYPE OF SEXUAL ACTIVITY. STDS ARE MOST OFTEN CAUSED BY VIRUSES AND BACTERIA.


  6. Various types of STDs 1THE VARIOUS TYPES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES INCLUDE GONORRHOEA, SYPHILIS, GENITAL HERPS, CHANCROID AND OF COURSE THE MOST COMMON HIV LEADING TO AIDS. 2.CHLAMYDIASIS CHLAMYDIASIS IS A SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE IN HUMANS CAUSED BY THE BACTERIUM CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. CHLAMYDIASIS IS A MAJOR INFECTIOUS CAUSE OF HUMAN GENETIAL AND EYE DISEASES. CHLAMYDIASIS WAS ONCE THE MOST IMPORTANT CAUSE OF BLINDNESS. THE INFECTION CAN SPREAD FROM EYE TO EYE BY FINGERS, SHARED TOWELS, EYE SEEKING FLIES, AND CLOTHS ETC.


  7. Prevention of STDs


  8. STDS ARE A MAJOR THREAT TO A HEALTHY SOCIETY. THEREFORE EARLY DETECTION OR PREVENTION AND CURE OF THESE DISEASES ARE GIVEN PRIME CONSIDERATION UNDER REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CARE PROGRAMMES THOUGH ALL PERSON ARE VULNERABLE TO THESE INFECTIONS, THEIR INCIDENCES ARE REPORTED TO BE VERY HIGH AMONG THE AGE GROUP OF 15-24YEARS.THESE INFECTIONS CAN BE PREVENTED BY FOLLOWING A FEW SIMPLE RULES WHICH INCLUDE: 1. AVOID SEX WITH UNKNOWN PARTNERS OR MULTIPLE PARTNERS 2.ALWAYS USE CONDOMS DURING COITUS IN CASE OF DOUBT, GO TO A QUALIFIED DOCTOR FOR EARLY DETECTION AND GET COMPLETE TREATMENT IF DIAGNOSED WITH DISEASE


  9. Infertility A LARGE NO OF COUPLES ALL OVER INDIA ARE INFERTILE, I.E., THEY ARE UNABLETO PRODUCE CHILDREN IN SPITE OF UNPROTECTED SEXUAL CO-HABITATION. THE REASONS FOR THIS COULD BE MANY-PHYSICAL, CONGENITAL, DISEASES, DRUGS, IMMUNOLOGICAL OR EVEN PSYCHOLOGICAL. ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES (ART) ARE SPECIAL TECHNIQUES THAT ASSIST COUPLES TO HAVE CHILDREN VARIOUS TYPES OF ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES (ART)INCLUDE: IN-VITRO FERTILISATION (IVF) ZYGOTE INTRA FALLOPIAN TRANSFER (ZIFT) INTRA CYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION(ICSI) GAMETE INTRA FALLOPIAN TRANSFER(GIFT) ARTIFICAL INSEMINATION (AI)


  10. IVF IT IS THE FERTILIZATION OUTSIDE THE BODY IN ALMOST SIMILAR CONDITIONS AS THAT IN THE BODY. IN THIS METHOD, POPULARLY KNOWN AS TEST TUBE BABY PROGRAMME, OVA FROM THE WIFE/ DONOR (FEMALE) AND SPERMS FROM THE HUSBAND/DONOR (MALE) ARE COLLECTED AND ARE INDUCED TO FORM THE ZYGOTE UNDER SIMULATED CONDITIONS IN THE LAB. THE ZYGOTE OR EARLY EMBRYOS COULD THEN BE TRANSFERRED INTO THE FALLOPIAN TUBE (ZIFT -ZYGOTE INTRA FALLOPIAN TRANSFER)


  11. 3.Intracytoplasmic sperm injection INTRA CYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION (ICSI) IS ANOTHER SPECIALIZED PROCEDURE TO FORM AN EMBRYO IN THE LAB IN WHICH A SPERM IS DIRECTLY INJECTED INTO THE OVUM


  12. S.Artificial insemination NFERTILITY CASES EITHER DUE TO INABILITY OF THE MALE PARTNER TO INSEMINATE THE FEMALE OR DUE TO VERY LOW SPERMS COUNTS IN THE EJACULATES COULD BE CORRECTED BY ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION. IN THE TECHNIQUE, THE SEMEN COLLECTED EITHER FROM THE HUSBAND OR A HEALTHY DONOR IS ARTIFICIALLY INTRODUCED INTO THE VAGINA OR INTO THE UTERUS (IUI INTRA UTERINE INSEMINATION) OF THE FEMALE.