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Assisted Reproductive Technology
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In this lesson i have discussed about assisted reproductive technologies. Particularly speaking I have covered In vitro fertilization And zygote intra fallopian transfer . Thank you

Kalpesh J Gadhvi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Kalpesh J Gadhvi
Final Year MBBS Student | Discount code for Plus -"KalpeshGadhvi" | On the way to make More Doctors which Our Country Needs most

U
Unacademy user
Sachin Rana
2 years ago
The correct bond order will be 8/5 = 1.6
  1. Reproductive health Presented by Kalpesh Gadhvi


  2. About me Kalpesh gadhvi I am pursuing MBBS from PDU medical college Rajkot My hobbies are to play cricket and listen music You can follow me on unacademy If you like my courses than please rate review recommend and share it . o . .


  3. HEALTH-(WHO - WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION )HAS DEFINED IT AS A TOTAL WELL-BEING IN ALL ASPECTS OF REPRODUCTION, I.E., PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, BEHAVIORAL & SOCIAL


  4. Reproductive health problems and challenges


  5. 1.INDIA WAS AMONG THE 1ST COUNTRIES TO INITIATE ACTIONS & PLANS TO ATTAIN TOTAL REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AS SOCIAL GOAL. 2. THESE PROGRAMMES ARE CALLED AS FAMILY PLANNING' 3. IMPROVED PROGRAMMES CURRENTLY IN OPERATION HAVE A POPULAR NAME REPRODUCTIVE & CHILD HEALTH CARE PROGRAMMES' (RCH).


  6. Measures taken by Government


  7. 1.THROUGH THE HELP OF AUDIO-VISUALS & PRINT MEDIA. EVEN FAMILY MEMBERS, CLOSE RELATIONS ARE INVOLVED IN THE AWARENESS. 2 SEX EDUCATION WAS INTRODUCED IN SCHOOLS TO PROVIDE AWARENESS 3. PROPER INFORMATION ABOUT REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS, ADOLESCENCE & RELATED CHANGES, SAFE & HYGIENIC SEXUAL PRACTICES, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, AIDS ETC.


  8. IT IS A TECHNIQUE USED TO FIND OUT CHROMOSOMAL ABNORMALITIES IN DEVELOPING EMBRYO BY USING AMNIOTIC FLUID. IT IS ALSO MISUSED TO CHECK FOETAL SEX DETERMINATION BASED ON THE CHROMOSOMAL PATTERN IN THE AMNIOTIC FLUID SURROUNDING THE DEVELOPING EMBRYO. Amniocentesis


  9. Population explosion and birth control 1.THE WORLD'S POPULATION BEING 2 BILLION IN 1900 WAS RELOCATED TO 6 BILLION IN 2000... 2. INDIA'S POPULATION WAS ABOUT 350 MILLION DURING INDEPENDENCE & ALMOST REACHED BILLION 3.A RAPID DECLINE IN DEATH RATE, MMR & IMR AS AN INCREASE IN NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN REPRODUCIBLE AGE ARE THE REASON FOR THIS.


  10. Why such population explosion? o MOST OF THE URBAN PEOPLE ARE UNEDUCATED. o GIRLS WERE GIVEN INTO EARLY MARRIAGES AT 18 YRS OF AGE


  11. Contraceptive methods THROUGH MEDIA HUM DO HAMARE DO!!!!! (WE 2, OUR 2) SAHELI IT IS A CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD DEVELOPED BY SCIENTISTS IN CDRI -CENTRAL DRUG RESEARCH INSTITUTE.


  12. Contraceptive methods 1.NATURAL METHODS 2. BARRIERS 3.I U D 4. ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES 5. INJECTABLE IMPLANTS 6. SURGICAL METHODS Classification


  13. Barrier method CONDOMS -THIN RUBBER USED TO COVER PENIS IN MALE OR VAGINA & CERVIX IN FEMALES DIAPHRAGMS, CERVICAL CAPS & VALUTS ARE ALL BARRIERS FOR FEMALES TO COVER CERVIX DURING COITUS ADVANTAGES OF BARRIER METHODS: 1. THEY ARE DISPOSABLE. 2. THEY CAN BE SELF-INSERTED 3. THEY ARE REUSABLE. 4. PREVENTS CONCEPTION BY BLOCKING ENTRY OF SPERM THRU CERVIX


  14. Surgical methods 1.THIS METHOD IS ALSO CALLED AS STERILISATION. 2. IT IS ADVISABLE FOR MALE/FEMALE PARTNER AS A TERMINAL METHOD TO PREVENT ANY MORE PREGNANCIES. 3. IN MALE, THEY'RE CALLED VASECTOMY, WHERE THE VAS DEFERENS IS CUT OR TIED


  15. What is MTP?


  16. INTENTIONAL OR VOLUNTARY TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY BEFORE FULL TERM IS CALLED MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY (MTP) OR INDUCED ABORTION


  17. Why MTP?


  18. Sexually transmitted diseases


  19. 1.DISEASES OR INFECTIONS WHICH ARE TRANSMITTED SEXUALLY THROUGH SEXUAL INTERCOURSE ARE CALLED AS SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDS) OR VENEREAL DISEASES (VDS) OR REPRODUCTIVE TRACT INFECTIONS. 2.STDS CAN BE CLASSIFIED AS VIRAL, BACTERIAL, PROTOZOAN, FUNGAL, ETC


  20. Various types of STDs 1THE VARIOUS TYPES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES INCLUDE GONORRHOEA, SYPHILIS, GENITAL HERPS, CHANCROID AND OF COURSE THE MOST COMMON HIV LEADING TO AIDS. 2.CHLAMYDIASIS CHLAMYDIASIS IS A SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE IN HUMANS CAUSED BY THE BACTERIUM CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. CHLAMYDIASIS IS A MAJOR INFECTIOUS CAUSE OF HUMAN GENETIAL AND EYE DISEASES. CHLAMYDIASIS WAS ONCE THE MOST IMPORTANT CAUSE OF BLINDNESS. THE INFECTION CAN SPREAD FROM EYE TO EYE BY FINGERS, SHARED TOWELS, EYE SEEKING FLIES, AND CLOTHS ETC.


  21. STDS ARE A MAJOR THREAT TO A HEALTHY SOCIETY. THEREFORE EARLY DETECTION OR PREVENTION AND CURE OF THESE DISEASES ARE GIVEN PRIME CONSIDERATION UNDER REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CARE PROGRAMMES THOUGH ALL PERSON ARE VULNERABLE TO THESE INFECTIONS, THEIR INCIDENCES ARE REPORTED TO BE VERY HIGH AMONG THE AGE GROUP OF 15-24YEARS.THESE INFECTIONS CAN BE PREVENTED BY FOLLOWING A FEW SIMPLE RULES WHICH INCLUDE: 1. AVOID SEX WITH UNKNOWN PARTNERS OR MULTIPLE PARTNERS 2.ALWAYS USE CONDOMS DURING COITUS IN CASE OF DOUBT, GO TO A QUALIFIED DOCTOR FOR EARLY DETECTION AND GET COMPLETE TREATMENT IF DIAGNOSED WITH DISEASE


  22. Infertility A LARGE NO OF COUPLES ALL OVER INDIA ARE INFERTILE, I.E., THEY ARE UNABLETO PRODUCE CHILDREN IN SPITE OF UNPROTECTED SEXUAL CO-HABITATION. THE REASONS FOR THIS COULD BE MANY-PHYSICAL, CONGENITAL, DISEASES, DRUGS, IMMUNOLOGICAL OR EVEN PSYCHOLOGICAL. ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES (ART) ARE SPECIAL TECHNIQUES THAT ASSIST COUPLES TO HAVE CHILDREN VARIOUS TYPES OF ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES (ART)INCLUDE: IN-VITRO FERTILISATION (IVF) ZYGOTE INTRA FALLOPIAN TRANSFER (ZIFT) INTRA CYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION(ICSI) GAMETE INTRA FALLOPIAN TRANSFER(GIFT) ARTIFICAL INSEMINATION (AI)


  23. IVF IT IS THE FERTILIZATION OUTSIDE THE BODY IN ALMOST SIMILAR CONDITIONS AS THAT IN THE BODY. IN THIS METHOD, POPULARLY KNOWN AS TEST TUBE BABY PROGRAMME, OVA FROM THE WIFE/ DONOR (FEMALE) AND SPERMS FROM THE HUSBAND/DONOR (MALE) ARE COLLECTED AND ARE INDUCED TO FORM THE ZYGOTE UNDER SIMULATED CONDITIONS IN THE LAB. THE ZYGOTE OR EARLY EMBRYOS COULD THEN BE TRANSFERRED INTO THE FALLOPIAN TUBE (ZIFT -ZYGOTE INTRA FALLOPIAN TRANSFER)


  24. 2) ZYGOTE INTRA FALLOPIAN TRANSFER (ZIFT) THE ZYGOTE WITH 8 BLASTOMERES CAN BE TRANSFERRED INTO THE FALLOPIAN TUBE.


  25. 4.Gamete intra fallopian tube TRANSFER OF AN OVUM COLLECTED FROM A DONOR INTO THE FALLOPIAN TUBE OF ANOTHER FEMALE WHO CANNOT PRODUCE ONE, BUT CAN PROVIDE SUITABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR FERTILISATION AND FURTHER DEVELOPMENT IS ANOTHER METHOD ATTEMPTED


  26. S.Artificial insemination NFERTILITY CASES EITHER DUE TO INABILITY OF THE MALE PARTNER TO INSEMINATE THE FEMALE OR DUE TO VERY LOW SPERMS COUNTS IN THE EJACULATES COULD BE CORRECTED BY ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION. IN THE TECHNIQUE, THE SEMEN COLLECTED EITHER FROM THE HUSBAND OR A HEALTHY DONOR IS ARTIFICIALLY INTRODUCED INTO THE VAGINA OR INTO THE UTERUS (IUI INTRA UTERINE INSEMINATION) OF THE FEMALE.