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Contraceptives
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In this lesson i have discussed about contraceptive methods. These are the methods adopted to avoid pregnancy. Also we have discussed about the classification of contraceptive methods. It includes Natural methods Barrier method IUD OC PILLS Implants Surgical methods. Thank you

Kalpesh J Gadhvi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Kalpesh J Gadhvi
Final Year MBBS Student | Discount code for Plus -"KalpeshGadhvi" | On the way to make More Doctors which Our Country Needs most

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Unacademy user
Mam, can you please provide the links for the other courses covering class 12 as you said that class 12 has been divided into different courses. Thank You
Mohini Jain
a year ago
Hey Joon... Everything is in this one course only... Just watch all the videos till the end.. :)
  1. Reproductive health Presented by Kalpesh Gadhvi


  2. About me Kalpesh gadhvi I am pursuing MBBS from PDU medical college Rajkot My hobbies are to play cricket and listen music You can follow me on unacademy If you like my courses than please rate review recommend and share it . o . .


  3. IT IS A TECHNIQUE USED TO FIND OUT CHROMOSOMAL ABNORMALITIES IN DEVELOPING EMBRYO BY USING AMNIOTIC FLUID. IT IS ALSO MISUSED TO CHECK FOETAL SEX DETERMINATION BASED ON THE CHROMOSOMAL PATTERN IN THE AMNIOTIC FLUID SURROUNDING THE DEVELOPING EMBRYO. Amniocentesis


  4. Population explosion and birth control 1.THE WORLD'S POPULATION BEING 2 BILLION IN 1900 WAS RELOCATED TO 6 BILLION IN 2000... 2. INDIA'S POPULATION WAS ABOUT 350 MILLION DURING INDEPENDENCE & ALMOST REACHED BILLION 3.A RAPID DECLINE IN DEATH RATE, MMR & IMR AS AN INCREASE IN NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN REPRODUCIBLE AGE ARE THE REASON FOR THIS.


  5. Why such population explosion? o MOST OF THE URBAN PEOPLE ARE UNEDUCATED. o GIRLS WERE GIVEN INTO EARLY MARRIAGES AT 18 YRS OF AGE


  6. Contraceptive methods THROUGH MEDIA HUM DO HAMARE DO!!!!! (WE 2, OUR 2) SAHELI IT IS A CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD DEVELOPED BY SCIENTISTS IN CDRI -CENTRAL DRUG RESEARCH INSTITUTE.


  7. Contraceptive methods 1.NATURAL METHODS 2. BARRIERS 3.I U D 4. ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES 5. INJECTABLE IMPLANTS 6. SURGICAL METHODS Classification


  8. Natural methods (avoid meating of sperm and ovum) PERIODIC ABSTINENCE- AVOID COITUS FROM DAY 10 17 OF 1.MENSTRUAL CYCLE WHEN OVULATION IS EXPECTED. BECAUSE CHANCES OF FERTILITY IS VERY HIGH DURING THIS PERIOD,HENCE KNOWN AS FERTILE PERIOD. 2.WITHDRAWAL OR COITUS INTERUPTUS MALE PARTNER WITHDRAWS HIS PENIS FROM VAGINA BEFORE EJACULATION AVOIDING INSEMINATION OF SPERMS 3. LACTATIONALAMENORRHEA-ABSENCE OF MENSTRUAL CYCLE DURING FIRST SIX MONTHS OF INTENSE LACTATIONAL PERIOD


  9. Barrier method CONDOMS -THIN RUBBER USED TO COVER PENIS IN MALE OR VAGINA & CERVIX IN FEMALES DIAPHRAGMS, CERVICAL CAPS & VALUTS ARE ALL BARRIERS FOR FEMALES TO COVER CERVIX DURING COITUS ADVANTAGES OF BARRIER METHODS: 1. THEY ARE DISPOSABLE. 2. THEY CAN BE SELF-INSERTED 3. THEY ARE REUSABLE. 4. PREVENTS CONCEPTION BY BLOCKING ENTRY OF SPERM THRU CERVIX


  10. EXAMPLES. CU T, CU7, MULTILOAD 375, LIPPES LOOP. CU IONS RELEASED SUPPRESS SPERM MOTILITY & FERTILIZING CAPACITY OF SPERMS. HORMONE RELEASING IUDS MAKES THE UTERUS UNSUITABLE FOR IMPLANTATION & CERVIX HOSTILE TO THE SPERM. Intra uterine devices Assistance of doctor or nurse is needed (inserted in uterus through vagina


  11. Oral pills 1.PILLS ARE TAKEN DAILY FOR 21 DAYS. 2. THEY ARE VERY EFFECTIVE WITH LESS SIDE EFFECTS 3.SAHELI - NEW ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE CONTAINS A NON-STEROIDAL PREPARATION. ITIS A ONCE A WEEK 'PILL WITH HIGH CONTRACEPTIVE VALUE. INJECTION OR IMPLANTATION OF PROGESTERONE/ESTROGEN UNDER THE SKIN.


  12. Surgical methods 1.THIS METHOD IS ALSO CALLED AS STERILISATION. 2. IT IS ADVISABLE FOR MALE/FEMALE PARTNER AS A TERMINAL METHOD TO PREVENT ANY MORE PREGNANCIES. 3. IN MALE, THEY'RE CALLED VASECTOMY, WHERE THE VAS DEFERENS IS CUT OR TIED


  13. Side effects of contraceptive methods IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT THE SELECTION OF CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD SHOULD BE TAKEN UNDER THE CONSULTATION OF THE DOCTORS . HOWEVER, THEIR POSSIBLE ILL-EFFECTS LIKE NAUSEA, ABDOMINAL PAIN, BREAKTHROUGH BLEEDING, IRREGULAR MENSTRUAL BLEEDING OR EVEN BREAST CANCER. THESE SYMPTOMS SHOULD NOT BE TOTALLY IGNORED


  14. Why MTP?


  15. 1.DISEASES OR INFECTIONS WHICH ARE TRANSMITTED SEXUALLY THROUGH SEXUAL INTERCOURSE ARE CALLED AS SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDS) OR VENEREAL DISEASES (VDS) OR REPRODUCTIVE TRACT INFECTIONS. 2.STDS CAN BE CLASSIFIED AS VIRAL, BACTERIAL, PROTOZOAN, FUNGAL, ETC


  16. How they are caused? DEPENDING ON THE DISEASE, STDS CAN BE SPREAD WITHANY TYPE OF SEXUAL ACTIVITY. STDS ARE MOST OFTEN CAUSED BY VIRUSES AND BACTERIA.


  17. Various types of STDs 1THE VARIOUS TYPES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES INCLUDE GONORRHOEA, SYPHILIS, GENITAL HERPS, CHANCROID AND OF COURSE THE MOST COMMON HIV LEADING TO AIDS. 2.CHLAMYDIASIS CHLAMYDIASIS IS A SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE IN HUMANS CAUSED BY THE BACTERIUM CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. CHLAMYDIASIS IS A MAJOR INFECTIOUS CAUSE OF HUMAN GENETIAL AND EYE DISEASES. CHLAMYDIASIS WAS ONCE THE MOST IMPORTANT CAUSE OF BLINDNESS. THE INFECTION CAN SPREAD FROM EYE TO EYE BY FINGERS, SHARED TOWELS, EYE SEEKING FLIES, AND CLOTHS ETC.