History of the Puniab Amritsar Tarn Taran Ferozpur Rupnagar Moga atehgarh Fazilka Patiala Sangrur Bathinda Mansa Sikh Warrior
History of the Punjab The word 'Punjab' appeared for the first time in the Book "Tarikh-e-Sher Shah" (1580) It describes the construction of a fort by 'Sher Khan of Punjab "Ain-e Akbari" Reference to the word 'Punjab' can be found in Part 1 as well, which describes that the territory can be divided into provinces of Lahore and Multan 4999
History of the Punjab The Sikhs had not been able to found a state during the reign of Aurangzeb, though they had been organised into a fighting group by the tenth and the last guru-Guru Gobind Singh. After his death the Sikhs found a capable leader in Banda Bahadur. He organised a large number of Sikhs and captured Sirhind He tried to establish an independent kingdom and struck coins in the name of Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh and also issued orders under his own seal.
History of the Punjab Under his leadership, the Sikhs offered valiant resistance to the Mughal and overran the entire territory between Lahore and Delhi. In his struggle against the Mughals, he was captured in the fortress of Gurudaspur. Banda Bahadur and his followers were sent to Delhi where they were treated in most barbaric manner Banda's young son was killed and he himself was tortured and crushed to death. His followers called him Sachha pad shah-the true emperor.
History of the Punjab The tenets of Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh had taken deep roots in the hearts of the people. The Sikhs began to organise themselves gradually into a Siklh state. The disorder and confusion in the Punjab after the ivasions of Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali helped the rise of the Sikh power to a great extent. 49929 In A.D. 1764, the Sikhs assembled at Amritsar and struck the first coins of pure silver with legends of Degh, Tegh and Fateh
History of the Punjab This was the first proclamation of the Sikh sovereignty in the Punjab. They organised themselves into 12 misls (military brotherhood with democratic setup) and controlled the regions of Punja The leaders of these misls parceled out the territories among themselves. 4999 Even Ahmad shah Abdali was unable to destroy the misls and within two years of his departure, the governors appointed by him at Sirhind and Lahore driven out.
History of the Punjab Small principalities like Nabha, Patiala and kapurthala emerged. It was towards the end of the 18th century that Maharaja Ranjit Singh united the misls and established a powerful st
First Anglo Sikh War 1845-46 Meanwhile, the Sind was annexed and British were teaming with energy The established a cantt. at Ferozpur and amid the acqusations and mutual demands, the British Army invaded Punjab The war was fought and victory was in the Bris side. The outcome of this war was a peace pact called Treaty of Lahore signed on March 9, 1846.
Treaty of Lahore, March 9, 1846 As per the treaty of Lahore signed on March 9, 1846 between Lord Hardinge and 7 year old Maharaja Duleep Singh plus 7 members of the Lahore Durbar:- -Sikhs lost Jammu, Kashmir, Hazara and some territorie Jalandhar Doab. -Thus all claims south of Sutlej River were lost by Maharaja Duleep Singh. -Thus all claims south of Sutlej River were lost by Maharaja Duleep Singh. 4999
Treaty of Lahore, March 9, 1846 Rs. 1.5 Crore was paid to the British as war indemnity -The armies of the Punjab were now to be not more than 20000 horses -King agreed that he would not appoint any European in service without the consent of the British 4999
Second Anglo-Sikh War Punjab was annexed by the British in March 1849 (under Lord Dalhousie) as per the Treaty of Lahore. Sir John Lawrence was appointed as the first Chief Commissioner of Punjab to take care of the administration. 4999
Bibhuti Bhusan Swain
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