HISTORY OF AWADH RULERS OF AWADH
Awadh Awadh was historic region of northern India, now constituting the north-eastern portion of Uttar Pradesh state. It received its name from the capital Kosala's Kingdom Ayodhya and became part of Mughal Empire in 16th century. 4999
Awadh The traditional capital of Awadh was Faizabad, but the capital was later moved to Lucknow. Presently, Awadh geographically includes the districts of Ambedkar Nagar, Bahraich, Balrampur, Barabanki, Basti Faizabad, Gonda, Hardoi, Lakhimpur Kheri, Lucknow, Pratapgarh, Raebareli, Shravasti, Siddnanth Nagar, Sitapur, Sultanpur, jaunpur and Unnao from Awadh and Kanpur, Kanpur Dehat, Fatehpur, Kaushambi and Allahabad from Lower Doab. It also includes a few district of Province No. 5 of Nepal.
Saadat Khan Saadat Khan-the first Nawab of Awadh, laid the foundation of Faizabad at the outskirt of ancient city of Ayodhya. At the age of 25 he accompanied his father Muhamm Nasir and joined the final campaign of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb against the Maratha in the D Mughal Emperor honorably awarded him the title Khan Bahadur for his steadfast services. where the 4999
Saadat Khan He was one of the commanding Mughal generals in the Battle of Karnal against Nadir Shah. Sa'adat Khan was captured during the battle of Karna later on he became the general of Nadir Shah Army which marched to Delhi Saadat Khan had five daughters but no son. He gave his eldest daughter in marriage to his nephew Muhammad Muqim, better known as Safdar Jung.
Safdar Jang Abul Mansur Mirza Muhammad Muqim Ali Khan better known as Safdar Jang. Safdar Jung succeeded Saadat Khan as ruler of Awadh Safdar Jang was an able administrator. The Awadh ruler organised a powerful army The authority of the Awadh ruler extended up to Rohilkhand, a territory to the east of Delhi. 4999 He was soon given governorship of Kashmir as well, and became a central figure at the Delhi court.
Safdar Jang When Ahmad Shah Bahadur ascended the throne at Delhi in 1748, Safdar Jung became his Wazir ul-Mumalik-i-Hindustan He was also made the governor of Ajmer. He died in October 1755 at the age of 46 years in Sultanpur near Faizabad 4999 Safdar Jang's Tomb was built in 1754 and is situated on a road now known as Safdar Jang Raod, in New Delhi.
Shuja-ud-Daula Shuja-ud-Daulah was the Subedar Nawab of Oudh. Though a minor royal, he is best known for his key roles in two definitive battles in Indian history:- 1.The Third Battle of Panipat 2.The Battle of Buxar. Shuja is also known for his role in the Battle of Buxar, a battle that was no less definite in Indian history. He along with the forces of Shah Alam II and Mir Qasim were defeated by the British forces in one of the key battles in the history of British rule in India
Asaf-ud-Daula Asaf-ud-Daula became nawab at the age of 26, on the death of his father, Shujauddaula, on 28 January 1775. Nawab Asaf-ud-Dowlah is considered the architect general of Lucknow. In 1775 he moved the capital of Awadh from Faizabad to Lucknow and built various monuments in and around Lucknow, including the Bara Imambara and Rumi Darwaza.
Wajid Ali Shah Wajid Ali Shah was the tenth and last Nawab of Awadh. The British had annexed much of the kingdom under the treaty of 1801. His kingdom, long protected by the British under treaty, was eventually annexed bloodlessly on 11 February 1856, two days before the ninth anniversary of his coronation. 13 4999 The Nawab was exiled to Garden Reach in Metiabruz
HISTORY OF AWADH RULERS OF AWADH
Bibhuti Bhusan Swain
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