Gupta Empire Gupta Empire, 320-550 CE aly of Guptas) Ashish Thkaur KADAME
System of Administration They adopted Pompous titles such as Paeamabhattaraka and Maharajaadhiraja The administration was highly decentralized with feudal lords ruling over minor provinces - Civil and criminal laws were highly demarcated
Kumaramatyas were the most important officers. But Guptas lacked elaborate bureaucracy like Mauryas. These offices also became hereditary in nature. - Grant of fiscal and administrative concessions to priests was also in practice. Agrahara grants( Agrahara was a grant of land and royal income from it, typically by a king or a noble family, to religious purposes, particularly to Brahmins to maintain temples in that land or a pilgrimage site and to sustain their families) and Devagraha grants were practiced
Trends in trade and agrarian economy Guptas issued large number of Gold coins which were called as Dinars There was a decline in the long distance trade with Romans which led to lesser gold content in the Dinars Land grants made to the priests brought many virgin lands under cultivation
Social developments Brahmana supremacy continued during Gupta period The Huns came to be recognized as one of the 36 clans of the Rajputs The position of Shudras improved as they were permitted to hear Ramayana, Mahabharata and Puranas.
The number of untouchables, the chandalas, increased -The position of women improved as they were permitted to hear Ramayana, Mahabharata and worship Krishna. But the first example of Sati also appears in the Gupta period.
State of Buddhism Buddhism did not receive royal patronage in Gupta Period, still stupas and Viharas were constructed and Nalanda became a center for Buddhist learning
Origin and growth of Bhagavatism Worship of Vishnu and Narayana merged to form Bhagavatism or Vaishnavism It was marked by Bhakti (loving devotion) and Ahimsa Religious teachings were mentioned in Bhagavadgita, Vishnu Purana and Vishnu Smriti Idol worship became a common feature of Hinduism - Gupta rulers followed a principle of tolerance.
Art Gupta period is called Golden age of ancient India. Art was mostly inspired by Religions Rock cut caves - Ajanta, Ellora and Bagh caves Structural temples - Dashavatar temple of Deogarh, Laxman temple of Sirpur, Vishnu temple and Varah temple of Eran. The growth of Nagara style also enabled the development of temple architecture in India
Stupas Dhammek stupa of Sarnath, Ratnagiri stupa of Orissa, Mirpur Khas in Sindh developed in this period. Paintings -Ajanta paintings and Bagh caves paintings Sculpture- Bronze image of Buddha near Sultanganj, Sarnath and Mathuras growth of Mahayana Buddhism and Idol worship. Images of Vishnu, Shiva and some other Hindu gods were also found
Cleared CDS and AFCAT thrice You Tube Channel: ADHYAYAN ACADEMY Love to play cricket and badminton.