Delhi Sultanate Ashish Thakur
Khilji Dynasty 1290 1320
Introduction The Khiljis, wrongly believed to be Afghans, were actually Turks who had for a long time settled in the region of Afghanistan, called Khalji had adopted Afghan manners and customs There for their coming to the thrown of Delhi is called "Khalji" revulsion
The Ghazani's and Ghori's invasions, and Mongol pressure from Central Asia had pushed them into India. The term Khalji was their-designation, meaning in Turkic languages "swordsman". Although they had played a conspicuous role in the success of Turkic armies in India, they had always been looked down upon by the leading Turks, the dominant group during the Slave dynasty.
Jalaluddin Khalji (1290 1296) Jalaluddin Khalji founded Khiljis dynasty He checked the monopoly of Turkish nobility and followed a policy of tolerance. In 1290, he invaded the fort of Ranthambhor. In 1294, Ala-ud-dirn nephew of Jalal-ud-din, invaded Ramchandra, the ruler of Devagiri in the south. Ramchandra was defeated and Ala-ud-din returneed with an immense booty.
Allauddin Khalji (1296 1316) He was a nephew and son-in-law of Jalaluddin Khilji. Alauddin Khilji killed him and succeeded the throne in 1296. He separated religion from politics and proclaimed, 'Kingship knows no kinship' - He followed an imperialist and annexation policy.
Annexed Gujarat (1298) Ranthambhor (1301) Mewar (1303) - Malwa (1305) - Jalor (1311) In Deccan, Alauddin's army led by Malik Kafur defeated Ram Chandra, Pratap Rudradeva, Virballal I and Vir Pandya. He built HauzKhas and JamaitKhana Mosque. He seized the famous Kohinoor diamond from the ruler of Malwa.
Economic Reforms 1. The most important experiment undertaken by him was the attempt to control the markets. 2. He sought to control the prices of all commodities, from foodgrains to horse, and from cattle and slaves to costly imported cloth. 3. Introduction of Dagh or branding of horses, Chehra or detailed description of each soldier.
4. Confiscation of the religious endowments and free grants of lands 5. Creation of new department viz Diwan-i-Mustakhraj to enquire into the revenue arears and to collect them 6. Establishment of separate markets for food grains cloth, horses, fruits etc
Administrative Reforms Ordinances Reorganised the Spy system -Prohibition on use of wine in Delhi -Nobles should not intermarry without his permission.
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