WORLD HISTORY: League of Nations Presented by: Navneet Kaur B ar ThR
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Success of the League of Nations d) Mandates Commission: It had the responsibilitv of monitoring the governance of territories given to member nations as Mandates (former colonies of Ottoman Empire and Germany) A separate commission, which was setup for supervising the governance in SAAR, was very efficient and successfully held a plebiscite there in 1935. After the plebiscite, SAAR was returned to Germany. . Although the Mandates Commission functioned well, it can be argued that it did not do much against colonialism in former African colonies that were converted to Mandates. e The Mandates were to be prepared for independence but the commission failed to ensure that the colonial powers provide for participation of the locals in the governance of Mandates.
2) Resolution of minor International disputes: Here the It forced Greece to pav compensation to Bulgaria, when the . The League decided in favour of Britain when Turkev started League had partial success. former invaded the latter. claiming the Mosul province, which was a mandate of Britain The League solved a territorial dispute between Peru and Columbia. Also in 1921, when there was a dispute regarding Upper Silesia (an industrial region) between Germany and Poland, the League successfully made both the parties reach a settlement and Upper Silesia was partitioned between the two
Conclusion . None of these disputes threatened the world peace. Also whenever a major power was involved, the decision of the League was always in favour of the major power.
DENMARK The Saar The Ruhr German territory Sudetenland NORTHERN SLESVIG GREAT BRITAIN Rhineland (diemilitarised zone) NETHERLANDS GERMANY WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGIUM UPPER SILESIA LUXEMBOURG CZECHOSLOVAKIA ALSACE-LORRAINE FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND
Ukraine do- va Austria Hungary Slowe- nia Romania Croatia Bosnia rugoslaviail Bulg Bulgaria Mace Al taly ba-|donia nia Greece Turkey
200 TURKEY MILES Mosul IRAN SYRIA Baghdad IRAQ JOR. uphrates SAUDI ARABIA KUWAIT
Boundaries of 1919 Germany Poland UPPER SILESIA Eastern Silesia Czechoslovakia Austria Hungary
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