ELECTIONS-PART 2 -By Ruchita Sharma
ABOUT ME o B.A (hons) Political Science Delhi University . in Sociology e Qualified Prelims e Hobbies: Solving puzzles and Music eRate, Review, Recommend, Share and Follow
CONTETNS Nomination of Candidates e Election Campaign. e Polling and Counting of Votes. e Independent Election Commission. e Popular Participation. e Challenges to Free and Fair elections.
NOMINATION OF CANDIDATES e Any one who can be a voter can also become a e In order to be a candidate the minimum age is 25 years e Party's nomination is often called party 'ticket'. candidate in elections. while it is only 18 years for being a voter. e Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill a 'nomination form' and give some money as 'security deposit".
ELECTION CAMPAIGN e The main purpose of election is to give people a chance to choose the representatives, the government and the policies they prefer. e In our country, such campaigns take place for a two- week period between the announcement of the final list of candidates and the date of polling. e In election campaigns, political parties try to focus public attention on some big issues.
ELECTION CAMPAIGN e According to our election law, no party or candidate can 1 Bribe or threaten voters 2 Appeal to them in the name of caste or religion 3 Use government resources for election campaign Spend more than Rs. 25 Lakh in a constituency for a Lok Sabha election or Rs. 10 Lakh in a constituency in an Assembly election. All the political parties in our country have agreed to a Model Code of Conduct for election campaigns.
POLLING & COUNTING OF VOTES e The final stage of an election is the day when the voters cast or 'poll' their vote. e Every person whose name is on the voters list can go to a nearby 'polling booth' situated usually in a local school or a government office. Nowadays electronic voting machines (EVM) are used to record votes
WHAT MAKES ELECTIONS IN INDIA DEMOCRATIC ? Independent Election Commission. Popular Participation.
INDEPENDENT ELECTION COMMISSION One simple way of checking whether elections are fair or not is fo look at who conducts the elections. e Elections are conducted by an independent & very powerful Election Commission. (EC) e The Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) is appointed by the President of India. O It is virtually impossible to remove the CEC EC takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections o It implements the Code of Conduct o The EC can order the govt. to follow some guidelines, to prevent use and misuse of e When on election duty, govt. officers work under the control of the EC & not the govt governmental power.
POPULAR PARTICIPATION o If the election process is not free or fair, people will not continue to participate in the exercise. People's participation in election is usually measured by voter turnout figures. actually cast their vote. vote in larger proportion as compared to the rich and e Turnout indicates the per cent of eligible voters who * In India the poor, illiterate and underprivileged people privileged sections.
CHALLENGES TO FREE & FAIR ELECTIONS e Many limitations and challenges of Indian elections, these include: Candidates and parties with a lot of money may not be sure of their victory 2) Candidates with criminal connection have been able to push others out of the electoral race. 3 Some families tend to dominate political parties 4 Smaller parties & independent candidates suffer a huge disadvantage compared to bigger parties. These challenges exist not just in India but also in many established democracies
B.A (hons) Political Science, M.A in Sociology from Delhi University, B.ED , Qualified Prelims