DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS-PART 2 -By Ruchita Sharma
ABOUT ME B.A (hons) Political Science Delhi University " .A in Sociology Qualified Prelims Hobbies: solving puzzles and Music . Rate, Review, Recommend, Share and Follow
CONTENTS Right to Freedom. Right against exploitation. Right to freedom of religion. Cultural and Educational Rights. How can we secure these right?
RIGHT TO FREEDOM Freedom means absence of constraints. Under the Indian Constitution all citizens have the right to Freedom of speech and expression. Assembly in a peaceful manner. Form associations and unions. Move freely throughout the country. 5 Reside in any part of the country. Practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
RIGHT TO FREEDOM Freedom is not unlimited license to do what one wants. Freedom of speech and expression is one of the essential features of any democracy. Citizens have the freedom to hold meetings, processions, rallies and demonstrations on any . issue. Citizens also can form associations. Freedom to travel to any part of the country. The sane freedom extends to choice of occupations. The Constitution says that no person can be deprived of his life or personal liberty except . . according to procedure established by law.
RIGHT TO FREEDOM . It also means that a government or police officer can arrest or detairn any citizen They have to follow some procedures : tained in custody will have t informed of the reasons for such arrest and detention. Produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of 24 hours of arrest. Such a person has the right to consult a lawyer or engage a lawyer for his defence.
RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION The Constitution mentions three specific evils and declares these illegal. The Constitution prohibits trafficking in human beings. Our Constitution also prohibits forced labour or begar in any D form. 3 The Constitution also prohibits child labour.
RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION Right to freedom includes right to freedom of religion as well. A Secular state is one that does not establish any one religion as official religion. The state has to be neutral and impartial in dealing with all religions. Every person has a right to profess, practice and propagate the religion he or . she believes in. The govt. cannot compel any person to pay any taxes for the promotion or maintenance of any particular religion or religious institution There shall be no religious instruction in the govt. educational institutions.
CULTURAL & EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS It is the language, culture and religion of minorities that needs special protection. Constitution specifies the cultural and educational rights of the minorities : Any section of citizens with a distinct language or culture have a right to conserve it. Admission to any educational institution maintained by govt. or receiving ovt. aid cannot be denied to any citizen on the ground of religion or anguage 0 All minorities have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
HOW CAN WE SECURE THESE RIGHTS? The fundamental rights in the Constitution are important because they are enforceable. This is called the Right to Constitutional Remedies. . This right makes other rights effective. . If fundamental rights are violated we can directly approach the . Dr. Ambedkar called the Right to Constitutional Remedies, 'the Supreme Court or the High Court of a state. heart and soul' of our Constitution.
B.A (hons) Political Science, M.A in Sociology from Delhi University, B.ED , Qualified Prelims