ELECTIONS By Ruchita Sharma
ABOUT ME B.A (hons) Political Science * Delhi University M.A in Sociology *Qualified Prelims Hobbies: Solving puzzles and Music Rate, Review, Recommend, Share and Follow
CONTENTS e Why do we need elections ? What makes an election democratic? Our system of elections. Electoral Constituencies Reserved Constituencies. Voters List.
WHY DO WE NEED ELECTIONS? *Elections takes place regularly in any democracy * A mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and change them if they wish to do so. This mechanism is called elections. In an election the voters make many choices: They can choose who will make laws for them. They can choose who will form the government. They can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making
WHAT MAKES AN ELECTION DEMOCRATIC ? Elections can be held in many ways. List of the minimum conditions of a democratic election: O Everyone should be able to choose. There should be something to choose from. The choice should be offered at regular intervals. The candidate preferred by the people should get elected. S Elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner. Elections are all about political competition. The most obvious form is the competition among political parties.
OUR SYSTEM OF ELECTIONS * Lok sabha and Vidhan Sabha (Assembly) elections are held regularly after every five years. Elections are held in all constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few days. * This is called general election.
ELECTORAL CONSTITUENCIES The country is divided into different areas for purposes of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies * For Lok Sabha elections, the country is divided into 543 constituencies. * The representative elected from each constituency is called a Member of Parliament or an MP. * Each state is divided into a specific number of Assembly constituencies. *The elected representatives is called the Member of Legislative Assembly or an MLA. *Each village or town is divided into several 'wards' that are like constituencies. *Each ward elects one member of the village or the urban local body.
RESERVED CONSTITUENCIES Our Constitution entitles every citizen to elect her/his *Some constituencies are reserved for people who belong to * This system of reservation was extended later to other weaker * The proportion of seats reserved varies from state to state. representative and to be elected as a representative. the Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) sections at the district and local leve One-third of the seats are reserved in rural and urban local bodies for women candidates.
VOTERS LIST Once the constituencies are decided, the next step is to decide who can and who cannot vote. This list is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly known as the Voters List. In our country, all the citizens aged 18 years and above can vote in an election. Every citizen has the right to vote, regardless of his or her caste, religion or gender. *t is the responsibility of the government to get the names of all the eligible voters put on the voters list. A complete revision of the list takes place every five years. In the last few years a new system of Election Photo ldentity Card (EPIC) has * * been introduced For voting, the voters can show many other proofs of identity like the ration card or the driving license *
B.A (hons) Political Science, M.A in Sociology from Delhi University, B.ED , Qualified Prelims