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Ancient History (South India) Siva Prasad
Topics Covered . Satavahanas Rashtrakutas Pallavas . Kalachuris of Kalyana Cholas . Gangas of Talakad . Kadambas of Banavasi . Vakatakas . Chalukyas of Badami Hoysalas . Chalukyas of Kalyana . Kakatiyas . Yadavas of Devagiri . Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi
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Cholas The Tamil power reached its peack during the rule of Cholas. Vijayala was the founder of later Cholas. They ruled from Thanjavore their most famous rulers were: (1) Rajaraja I who overran almost every adversary including Ceylon. He built the famous Siva temple at Tanjore (2) Rajendra I another ruler built a second capital at Gangaikonda cholapuram (3) Rajadhiraja Il was another great ruler who lost his life in the Kuppam battle against Western Chalukyas of Badami. (4) Kulottunga I (1070-1122) introduced land reforms. The Chola power declined towards the end of 12th century and were replaced by Pandyans of Madurai
Gangas of Talakad Capitals:- Kolahala or Kolar, Talakadu and Makunda . The Gangas ruled large parts of Karnataka specially the old Mysore region. The area under the Gangas was referred to as Gangawadi or Ganganadu. . They initially made Kolar as their capital but later shifted to Talakadu (on Cauvery Bank) which remained their administrative headquarters and lastly to Makunda, near Chenapatna. . The elephant stood as their emblem
Gangas of Talakad Dadiga was the founder of Ganga dynasty guided by his guru Sinhanandi. . Durvinitha was the greatest among the Gangas who conquered Coimbatore, Chengalpat & Salem from Pallavas after entering into a matrimonial alliance with Chalukyas. He was a Scholar and patron of arts and believed to have written a contemporary on Kiratarjuniya and translated Gunadhya's Brihatkatha from Prkarit to Sanskrit Pujyapada, a Jain Scholar, wrote Prakrit to Sanskrit. Shaddavatara on Sanskrit grammar.
Gangas of Talakad Other noteworthy ruler was Sreepurusha who had problems with Pallavas and Rashtrakutas. He shifted his capital for a while to Manyapura . He wrote a book Gajasashtra, on elephants. Towards the end of 10th Century the Ganga territories were annexed by Cholas and Chalukyas. Chamundaraya, who served as a Minister to Narasimha Il and to Rachamalla IV. In addition to being a good Administrator he was a great patron of arts and of Jainism. He built the world famous Shravabelagola statute of Gomateswara or Bahubali (supposed to be son of Rishaba) and wrote Chamunadarayapurana.
Gangas of Talakad .The Ganga period witnessed the emergence of the construction of free standing pillars of two types: . () Manasasthamba with Jain figures facing four directions at the top . (ii) Brahmadevasthamba with carvings of flowers etc., The Gangas also built Jain Basadis, temples at Talakadu (Pataleswara, and the Kapileswara temple at Manne).
Gangas of Talakad Dhanjaya wrote Raghavapanavijaya and Vidhibasimha wrote Gadya- chintamani. They were benevolent rulers and had Heggades as officers & were perhaps the first to install an administrative system in the old Mysore region.