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9th January 2019 Part-1: Daily News Analysis
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Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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  1. CLORDaily News Analysis for Mendayame forward to xeeWARMING look forward to it Malott has top start se ar stacea Parliamentary Committees h or from THE HINDU Indian express, Tol, Livemint for the Paris Deal thyet tuT ng PoCAG Slams Govt Judicial Over-rea pho reve en to aialso th January, ayit hadhea Act East Policy hack "arded by many es that Kha also apur 2019 Legislative Adventurism iveDaily News Analysis been no stact .austrial Productio that it hac witten to for2 financial crisis Meltdown Is there a need for Stimulus China's Belt & Road

  2. To access: Searching for "jatin verma" - Daily Editorials EDUCATORS DNA - PIB Summary MCQs You can follow me Jatin Verma Mahesh Verma on Unacademy Facebook ID: jatinverma0509 academy un

  3. want to be starting ganses, beiag anted to show the boss whatcE Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base Ro Page 1: SC reinstates Alok Verma as CBI Director, but clips his wings 2. 1. Page 1: Lok Sabha passes Citizenship Bill amidst Congress walkout 3. Page 10: Protests lock down northeast y haver 4. Page 1 : 10% quota for the poor gets LS approval pho revan 5, Page 10: 10% quota faces several legal and political challenges he a 6. Page 10: Six Assam groups to be accorded ST status 7. Page 6: Mixed response to ST status to 6 Assam groups 8. Page 7: General strike evokes mixed response, affects PSU banks 9. Page 7: SC sets aside Delhi HC ruling against Monsanto 10. Page 7: HAL faces severe cash crunch as IAF delays payment 11. Page 7: Irrigation projects delay led to jump in costs: CAG 12. Page 10: Lok Sabha passes DNA technology Bill 13. Page 10: Trade union Bill introduced in Lok Sabha 14. Page 11: Globalisation has not benefited all: Norway PNM 15. Page 12: Fencing the border ayes of pe ar nk h IPLIE 2 16. Page 13: Customers cannot be charged for availing tokenisation service: RBI lock e and t stay 17. Page 13: GST returns non-filers grow faster than tax base 18. Page 18: NASA's probe discovers a new planet

  4. but th Editorial: 1. Page 8: Quota questions 2. Page 8: A renewed attack on privacy 3. Page 8: Staggering backwards ph reve 4. Page 9: Tracking cleanliness ink h cause ferent pu kand stay

  5. want fo be start but th Page 1: SC reinstates Alok Verma as CBI Director, but clips his wings The Supreme Court on January 8 "reinstated" exiled CBI Director Alok Verma. However his duties will be confined to "ongoing routine functions" till the Prime Minister- led committee decides the question of his divestment in a week. The court ordered him not to pl undertake "any fresh initiative" with major policy or institutional implications in the heg interregnum rev Now, with just a few days left before the end of his tenure as CBI Director, Mr. Verma's fate hinges on the decision of this committee comprising the PM, CJI and the Leader of the Opposition.The Committee is set up under Section 4A () of the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act. Their call would be based on the allegations levelled against him in a complaint filed by rival CBI officer R.K. Asthana. The complaint had led to a Central Vigilance Commission pu (CVC) inquiry and his divestment from office. Government and CVC's superintendence over the CB1? The judgment concluded that the CVC and the government acted outside their authority to unilaterally divest Mr. Verma and appoint M. Nageshwar Rao as the interim CBI Director in back-to-back decisions taken overnight on October 23 last year. The court set aside both orders. ink h cause t ferent kand stay

  6. want fo be start but th The pivotal question: whether the government and the CVC should have obtained prior consent of the PM committee before divesting him as CBI Director on October 23. Section 4B(2) of the DSPE Act required the government to take the prior consent of the PM committee before transferring a CBI Director mid-tenure. The prior approval provided "an adequate safeguard to ensure the independence of the office." This legislative intent was apparent from the fact that Parliament, on its own e Volition, amended the DSPE Act through the Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 These amendments had included Section 4A and Section 4B Key instructions cause ferent ON VERMA'S ROLE CBI Director should desist from taking any major policy decisions till a committee takes a call on his His role is confined to the "exercise of the ongoing routine functions without any fresh initiative, having no major policy : PLI kand stay ON DIVESTMENT OF POWER The panel, comprising the PM, the CJI and the Leader of the Opposition, have to decide on divestment of power of CBI chief in a week e clear legislative intent is to ensure co insulation of the office of CBI Director fromall Image source: The Hindu

  7. want fo be start but th rev CBI vs CBI Nov. 2: Advocate Prashant Bhushan moves the Supreme Court on behalf of Common Cause. an Oct. 23 Late in the night, DoPT divests Verma of all his statutory obligations, appoints M. Nageswara Rao intenim CBl Director Oct. 24: Verma Now. 12: The CVC fles a preliminary probe report in a sealed cover in PS officer Rakesh Asthana appointed Additional Director The events leading up to NGO, challenging Asthana's appointment Nov. 29 Verma tells the Supreme Court that his fixed tenure of two years cannot be altered Oct. 15: The CB Dec. 3: Asthana made interim the petition July 12, 2018: While Verma of charges of CBl Director bribery allegations Alok Kumar Verma and Director Rakesh and the against Asthana, inquiry into a complaint asttwo top CBI officers Oct. 16: The CBl arrests Dec. 5: Fight between Jan. 19,2017:Alok Verma appointed CB Oct. 20: The CBI raids Devender Kumar, Dubai-based investment banker Manoj Prasad petition, seeking a Special Investigation Team probe into alle and the Centre gations of corruptionon Verma's plea against CBl officials, ncluding Asthana weeks, seeks re- of two yearsto to know who will attencd Centre telis the court Oct. 22: Asthana appointed Asthana has no mandate it. The CBl replies that Jan. 8, 2019 The court sets aside the Centre's decision divesting Verma of his powers and sending him on leave, but restrains him from taking policy decisions to represent Verma kand stay Image source: The Hindu

  8. want fo be start but th Page 1: Lok Sabha passes Citizenship Bill amidst Congress walkout The Lok Sabha on January 8 passed the contentious Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019, that seeks to provide citizenship to non-Muslims from Bangladesh,Pakistan and Afghanistan who have come to India till December 3 1 , 2014 phe veHome Minister, who introduced the Bill in the Lok Sabha, said the six communities rev Hindus, Jains, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan faced "discrimination and religious persecution" and they "have no place to o, except India." ink h The Congress said many States opposed the Bill and it should be sent to a select committee. As the government rejected the demand, the party MPs walked out. ferent It also reduces the mandatory requirement of 12 years stay in India to seven years to be , pu, eligible for citizenship if they do not possess any document. Assam alone should not have to bear the entire burden. The beneficiaries of Citizenship Amendment Bill can reside in any State of the country. The burden of those persecuted migrants will be shared by the whole country kand stay

  9. want fo be start but th There has been a strong resistance to the Bill in BJP-ruled Assam and other northeasterr States who fear it would pave the way for granting citizenship mostly to illegal Hindu migrants from Bangladesh, who came after March 1971, in violation of the 1985 Assam Accord pTo become a law, the Bill will have to be cleared by the Rajya Sabha on January 9, the last eday of its current session. A divided House Parties which voiced their support and opposition to the Bill Vocal supporters BJP BJD (wanted Bangladesh out of the Bill) Key critics Congress Trinamool Congress CPI(M) AIUDF IUML RJD AIMIM ink h cause ferent pu kand stay You are giving ci the basis of the on ou can't run India like Israel This govermnent is makinga mistake Image source: The Hindu ASADUDDIN OWAIS . AIMIM

  10. want fo be start but th Page 10: Protests lock down northeast Violence marked 11-hour shutdown across States in the northeast on January 8, called by several organisations against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016. Tripura: In Tripura, at least six tribal protesters were injured, two critically, as violence erupted p near A gartala during a highway blockade called by the Northeast Students Organisatiorn rev Assam: Incidents of sporadic violence were reported from Assam, with the All Assam Students Union (AASU) among the first groups to call for the shutdown against the Bill. Protesters belonging to at least 35 organisations affiliated to the AASU damaged vehicles and squatted on railway tracks, forcing the rescheduling of 26 long-haul trains The protesters burnt effigies and demanded CM's resignation Other NE states: The shutdown affected life in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur and Mizoram where shops and commercial establishments, government offices and educational and financial institutes remained closed. It, however, had minimal impact in Barak Valley in southern Assam cause ferent PLI kand stay

  11. want fo be start but th Page 1: 10% quota for the poor gets LS approval The Lok Sabha on January 8 passed a Bill allowing 10% quota in employment and education for the general category candidates who belong to the economically weaker sections. The Constitution (124th Amendment) Bill, 2019, introduced by Minister of Social Justice ohe and Empowerment, was cleared with a majority of the members (319) voting for it, and four he#against. The Rajya Sabha will take it up on January 9. reve However, the Opposition questioned the haste with which the government introduced the Bill, on the last day of the winter session with an eye on the general election. The opposition wanted the measure sent to a Joint Parliamentary Committee. cause ferent > The 10% reservation will be over and above the 50% stipulated by the Supreme Court and is expected to benefit a huge section of upper castes, including Brahmins, Rajputs (Thakurs), ,p,u, Jats, Marathas and Bhumihars and trading castes such as Kapus and Kammas. The economically deprived among the poor in the other religions will also benefit. kand stay

  12. want fo be start but th Page 10: 10% quota faces several legal and political challenges Who will the new 10% quota apply to? Those who are not covered in existing quotas and have a family income below 8 lakh a year or agricultural land below 5 acres. plThose who have a house above 1,000 square feet or a 100-yard plot or above in a notified re municipal area or a 200-yard plot or above in a non-notified municipal area are not eligible. What steps are necessary for its implementation? The 124th Constitution Amendment Bill, 2019, which the Lok Sabha has passed, will have to be passed by the Rajya Sabha by a special majority of two-thirds of the members present and voting, which should not be less than one-halfof the total strength of the House. If it is not passed by both the Houses within the term of this Lok Sabha, it will lapse. The Bill will also have to be ratified by at least half the State Assemblies Once the Constitution is amended to add economic backwardness as a ground for reservations, it will most likely have to stand the test of judicial scrutiny, as the Supreme Court had in the cause ferent PLI kand stay O. lndra Sawhney case capped quotas at 50% of the available seats

  13. want fo be start but th Page 10: Six Assam groups to be accorded ST status . In a bid to calm tempers in Assam in the wake of vociferous protests against the Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019, Home Minister said that a Bill to declare six communities in Assam as Scheduled Tribes (ST) would be introduced in the current session of Parliament. pThe communities that the Centre proposes to give the status to are Koch Rajbongshi, Tai he g Ahom, Chutia, Matak, Moran and Tea Tribes. The legislation will change the demographic status of Assam, making it a tribal-majority State. The government assured that full safeguards will be provided to protect the interests, rights and privileges of the existing Scheduled Tribes of Assam. A separate Bill would be introduced to grant the ST status to Bodo Kacharis in the hill districts of Assam and Karbis in the rest of Assam The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution is also proposed to be amended to strengthen the Autonomous District Councils. . . cause ferent . PLI kand stay

  14. want fo be start but th Page 7: SC sets aside Delhi HC ruling against Monsanto The Supreme Court has set aside a Delhi High Court Division Bench decision that held that U.S. agro major Monsanto did not have patent for its genetically modified BT cotton seed variants and had allowed it to claim registration under the Protection of Plant Varieties and p Farmers' Rights Act of 2001 he e The Supreme Court Bench held that the High Court's Division Bench had no business to go into the merits of the patent rights and should have just confined itself to the validity of an injunction granted earlier by a Single Judge of the High Court in March 2017. The judgment restored the decision of the Single Judge. It remanded the case back to the Single Judge for disposal of the patent suit between Monsanto and Indian end-users like Nuziveedu Background ferent The issue dates back to 2004 when Monsanto entered into a sub-licence agreement with companies like Nuziveedu for an initial period of 10 years The agreement had entitled the Indian firms to genetically modified hybrid cotton planting seeds with help of Monsanto's technology and to commercially exploit it within the limits of the agreement on the payment of a licence fee. PLI kand stay

  15. want fo be start but th The company was debt-free until now. About a month back, HAL took an overdraft of t962 Built up over a period In the financial year 2017-18, it was 7,000 crore. An interim 2,000 crore was paid. crore to meet such mundane expenses as staff salaries Apparently the overdue money has built up over a period. y has phe reNow the dues have ballooned to around 14,000 crore Two other factors also led to the cash crisis: HAL paid a total of 1,500 crore to the government over two occasions in the past five years -- as dividends and to buy back its shares In doldrums Weighed down by unpaid defence dues, HAL has taken an overdraft of 962 cr, to pay salaries & meet routine expenses ink h cause ferent contract labour force may be axed pu Staff travel, training the lens kand stay The cash crisis may hit servicing of IAF planes The DPSU has proposed austerity steps to bring down spending The DPSU is mulling cost cutting exercise +20% (around 2,200) of its 11,000-strong l across centres treuble thar es that IP

  16. want fo be start but th Page 7: Irrigation projects delay led to jump in costs: CAG Tardy implementation of projects under the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) between 2008-2017 led to an almost threefold lump in the cost of these projects to 1.20 lakh crore, according to a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG), tabled in p Parliament on January 8 he e The AIBP was initiated in 1996 as a Central scheme to speed up the implementation of large irrigation projects, including dams and canals, especially those which were beyond the resource capability of the States The Union Ministry of Water Resources is responsible for framing policy guidelines for implementation while State Governments are associated with planning and implementing irrigation projects and schemes. Delays- ink h cause ferent PLI From 2008-2017, of the 201 major and medium projects approved, only 62 were completed Of the 11,291 minor irrigation schemes sanctioned, only 8.014 were completed. As a result, only about 35% of India's irrigation potential was utilised kand stay Of the 118 major projects surveyed by the CAG, 105 suffered from a "time overrun" with some projects being delayed by more than 18 years.

  17. want fo be start but th Lacunae in the planning, implementation and monitorin,g Projects and schemes were included under AIBP in violation of the programme's guidelines, resulting in irregular release of t3,718.71 crore. There were also deficiencies in the preparation and processing of Detailed Project Reports psuch as inadequate surveys, inaccurate assessment of water availability, Irrigation Potential e and Command Area and the lack of activity-wise construction plans The monitoring by Central and State agencies was lax. There were shortfalls in number of monitoring visits by Central Water Commission (CWC) and reports were not prepared in all projects evaluated. Further, compliance to issues highlighted in the CWC reports were also pending. ink h cause ferent Financial irregularities PLI Diversion of funds amounting to ,578.55 crore Parking of funds totalling , 1 1 2.56 crore Fictitious and fraudulent expenditure of27.58 crore. Short/non-realisation of revenue amounting to 1,25.39 crore. kand stay

  18. want fo be start but th Page 10: Trade union Bill introduced in Lok Sabha Amid protests, the government on January 8 introduced a Bill in the Lok Sabha to amend the Trade Unions Act, 1926 The Bill, the government said, would grant recognition to trade unions, ensure representation of workers in tripartite bodies and check arbitrary nomination by the government. pl CPI(M) members walked out in protest Trade Unions Act, 1926 The Act deals with the registration of trade unions, their rights, their liabilities and responsibilities as well as ensures that their funds are utilised properly It gives legal and corporate status to the registered trade unions ink h cause ferent It also seeks to protect them from civil or criminal prosecution so that they could carry on their legitimate activities for the benefit of the working class The Act is applicable not only to the union of workers but also to the association of employers. Also, certain Acts, namely, the Societies Registration Act, 1860; the Co-operative Societies Act, 1912; and the Companies Act, 1956 shall not apply to any registered trade union, and that the registration of any such trade union under any such Act shall be void The Act is administered by the Ministry of Labour through its Industrial Relations Division. PLI kand stay

  19. want fo be start but th Page 11: Globalisation has not benefited all: Norway PM The loss of faith in the international order and institutions is one of the big challenges the world faces, Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg said on January 8, inaugurating the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) annual "Raisina Dialogue". She said that many people feel left out by globalisation and it can undermine confidence in pl he international institutions and cooperation. Eventually, it could weaken respect for international law, human rights and even our security architecture. In remarks apparently aimed at U.S. where President Trump has threatened to walk out of the WTO, and at China for violating the international rules-based order in maritime disputes,an ink h Ms. Solberg said both Norway and India would "stand to lose" if rules-based internation ferent law is undermined Raisina Dialogue- PLI The Raisina Dialogue is organised by the Observer Research Foundation (ORF) kand stay sThe three day conference will include more than 600 The theme for the 2019 edition of the conclave is "A World Reorder: New Geometries, Fluid delegates from 93 countries Partnerships, and Uncertain Outcomes"

  20. want fo be start but th Page 13: Customers cannot be charged for availing tokenisation service: RBI The Reserve of India (RBI) has allowed all card payment networks to offer tokenisation service. However, the central bank has made it clear that no charges should be recovered from the customer for availing this service. pl Tokenisation involves a process in which a unique token masks sensitive card details. The tetoken is then used to perform card transactions in contact-less mode at Point Of Sale (POS) terminals, Quick Response (QR) code payments, etc. The RBI has allowed card payment networks to offer card tokenisation services to any tokern requestor, that is, a third party app provider. A card holder can avail of these services by g the card on the token requestor's app and after giving 'explicit consent' cause t ferent All extant instructions of Reserve Bank on safety and security of card transactions, i the mandate for additional factor of authentication (AFA) / PIN entry shall be applicable for pui tokenised card transactions also. This permission extends to all use cases/channels [e.g., Near-Field Communication (NFC) / Magnetic Secure Transmission (MST)-based contact-less transactions, in-app payments, QR code-based payments etc.] or token storage mechanisms (cloud, secure element, trusted execution environment etc.) kand stay

  21. want fo be start but th Page 13: GST returns non-filers grow faster than tax base The number of tax filers failing to file their returns has been increasing in the 17 months of GST implementation until November 2018, according to an answer submitted by the Finance Ministry in the Lok Sabha While the number ofpeople required to file monthly returns has grown 32% from July 2017 reve eto about 98.5 lakh in November 2018, the number of people not filing these returns has grown 167% during that time, the latest Goods and Services Tax filing data showed. The data also shows that this is not just the case for monthly filers, but also for those under - the composition scheme, which allows for quarterly return filing. While the number of people required to file quarterly returns increased about 55% from July 2017 to 17.74 lakh in November 2018, the number of people who have not filed returns increased about 162% during this period. In other words, the number ofpeople failing to file returns has grown faster than the tax base ink h cause ferent PLI kand stay tself for both regular and composition filers.

  22. want fo be start but th Reasons? Some taxpayers having nil or low turnover Some taxpayers taken GST registration on their customers' insistence Daunting by the filing process Systematic and fraudulent tax evasion by small business in the hope that they are too sma for the taxman to notice and since invoice matching is still not activated on the GST portal y has ph ree Dodging the taxmarn No. of people required to file monthly returns grew 32% between July 2017 and Nov. 2018, the base of those not filing grew 167% ink h cause ferent 100 LAKH TAXPAYERS REQUIRED TO FILE 98,46,645 -%OF TAXPAYERS NOT ILING, (RIGHT AXIS) 28.75 25 85,45,661 pu 20 74,61,214 80 LAKH kand stay 15 14.21 Analysts say some 13.35 small businesses may 10 be evading tax in the10 hope that they are too small to be noticed 60 LAKH JULY 17 FEB. 18 Source: Finance Ministry data to the Lok Sabha NoV. 18

  23. want fo be start but th Page 18: NASA's probe discovers a new planet NASA's latest planet-hunting probe has discovered a new world outside our solar system, orbiting a dwarf star 53 light years away. This is the third new planet confirmed by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) since its launch in April last year. The planet, named HD 21749b, orbits a bright, nearby dwarf star about 53 light years away, rev in the constellation Reticulum, and appears to have the longest orbital period of the three planets so far identified by TESS. Slow journey HD 21749b journeys around its star in a relatively leisurely 36 days, compared to the two cause ferent other planets_ Pi Mensae b, a "super-Earth" with a 6.3-day orbit, and LHS 3844b, a rocky world that speeds around its star in just 11 hours. All three planets were discovered in the first three months of TESS observations. It is the coolest small planet that we know ofaround a star this bright.The planet is about three times the size of the earth, which puts it in the category of a "sub-Neptune." However, it is unlikely that the planet is rocky and therefore habitable; it's more likely made PLI kand of gas, of a kind that is much more dense than the atmospheres of either Neptune or Uranus.

  24. want fo be start but th Page 8: Ouota questions The BJP has sought to provide a 10% quota for economically weaker sections in public employment and educational institutions. This is a response to the erosion in upper caste votes in the recent Assembly elections and is more an election-time move. ph Two hurdles - . The 124th Constitution Amendment Bi wil have to be passed by two-thirds of the MPs present and voting, and the challenge will be to drum up the numbers in both Houses. 2. It is doubtful if it will stand udicial scrutiny. If enacted, the 50% limit on total reservation laid down by the Supreme Court will be breached. (The court did allow for a higher cause t ferent percentage in extraordinary situations, but it does not apply in this case.) Indira Sawhnev case - In Indira Sawhney a nine-judge bench had struck down a provision that earmarked 10% reservation for the economically backward on the ground that economic criteria cannot be the PLI sole basis to determine backwardness. Any attempt to amend the Constitution to extend what i kand stay limited to the "socially and educationally backward" to those economically weak is problematic. If the amendment is challenged, a question that will arise is whether financial incapacity warrants special treatment

  25. want fo be start but th Page 8: A renewed attack on privac On January 4, the Lok Sabha passed the Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2018. The Bill flouts both the Constitution and the Supreme Court's judgment which gave the Aadhaar programme a conditional approval ph The Aadhaar judgement of September 2018- Originally, Section 57 of the Aadhaar Act allowed both the state and private entities to use the programme to establish an individual's identity pursuant to a law or a contract. The Supreme Court upheld vast portions of the law but unanimously struck down Section 57 insofar as it applied to private entities. The SC had struck down the use of Aadhaar for mobile phones and bank accounts warning linking Aadhaar details to these services will lead to commercial exploitation of an individual biometric and demographic information by the private entities. However, the court allowed the state to utilise Aadhaar, in cases involving the drawing of subsidies, benefits or services from the Consolidated Fund of India cause ferent PLI kand stay Concerns - Allowing the amendments to be carried out without any debate would be a failure of our collective duties.

  26. want fo be start but th If enacted, the law will once again allow private corporations, including banks and telecom operators, to use Aadhaar as a means to authenticate identity. The Bill addresses some of the court's concerns, such as the inclusion of a clause intended at ensuring that children are not denied benefits on account of a failure to possess Aadhaar. pHowever, the essential object of the Bill is to countermine those portions of the judgment ethat the regime deems inconvenient The government may defend the Bill by arguing that the SC allowed the use of Aadhaar by private entities so long as a person voluntarily consents to such authentication and backed by a legislation to that effect. The proposed legislative amendments virtually seeks to impose Aadhaar as a prerequisite for cause ferent the availing of certain basic services. For example, the amendments proposed to the Telegraph Act and the PMLA state that service providers-telecom companies and banks, pu respectively, - ought to identify their customers by one of four means: authentication under the Aadhaar Act; offline verification under the Aadhaar Act; use of passport; or the use of any other officially valid document that the government may notify. In the absence of other documents, a person's identity will necessarily have to be authenticated through Aadhaar. kand stay