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21st January 2019 Part-3: Daily News Analysis
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Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

Unacademy user
Jatin Sir- you said you will continue in part 4.. but there are only 3 parts uploaded.. can you please check if there is something wrong at my end that I can’t see it. Thanks.
thanku very much sir
Get well soon sir....
  1. Important News Articles (Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base) Page:9/11 derailed Army plan to capture Pakistani posts along LoC Page 1 : CIC selection arbitrary, say RTI activists Page 1 : Flamingo fete a huge draw at Pulicat lake Page 2: ASI finds 2,300-year-old artefacts in Odisha Page 3 Rajasthan, Bihar join hands to eradicate child labour Page 4: State armed with triple-drug therapy to fight elephantiasis Page 5 Fire breaks out on Bengaluru's Varthur lake Page 6 Utilisation of irrigation potential down in Odisha Page 7: Meghalaya's coal mines are used for disposing bodies too Page 7 : RailTel is turning railway stations into digital hubs Page 7: Farmers group, Anna Hazare plan joint stir Page 9 : Getting a raw deal Page 10 New quota giving sleepless nights to Opposition, says PM

  2. Important News Articles (Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base) Page 10 GoM to report on ST status in February Page1 Figures for long-term visas to minorities don't add up Page1 Bill may not help many Bangladeshi nationals Page Many names do the rounds for CBI chief Page Aadhaar is now passport to Nepal and Bhutan Page 13 Traders to mobilise and vote as one: CAIT Page 13 : Soon, no e-way bills for non-filers of GST returns Page 13 Rationalise new norms for external borrowing: NSEFI Page 13 : Brokers want SEBI to roll back new risk management framework for F&o Page 13 Some banks may soon exit PCA: Kumar Page 13 In 2019, India to beat U.K. in economy size Page 14 Hungry for energy Page 14 RBI: on the horns of a dilemma Page 14 GST: construction equipment gets a boost

  3. Page 13 :Rationalise new norms for external borrowing: NSEFI National Solar Energy Federation of India (NSEFI), a non-profit organisation, has written to the PMO requesting to direct the RBI to rationalise the new ECB framework suitably, excluding repayment of rupee loans from the negative list RBI allowed the external borrowing in the form of security bond/loan in U.S. dollars to replace the Indian rupee loans having tenure of 10 years or more given by domestic banks/financing institutions As per this notification, erstwhile tracks I and II are merged as foreign currency denominated ECB and track III and rupee denominated bonds framework are combined as rupee denominated ECB to replace the current four-tiered structure NSEFI's Concern: However, the existing permissible end use of repayment /refinancing of rupee loan availed under track-II of ECB has not been considered in the merged foreign currency ECB framework in any form. The repayment of rupee loan to domestic lenders by solar/wind project developers from ECB proceeds would not be possible NSEFI requests government to provide suitable direction/adviceto the RBI to carve out a special category like erstwhile track-II with ECB having minimum average maturity period of 5 years and above within the new merged foreign currency ECB category to permit solar/wind project developers for repayment of their rupee loans to domestic lenders from ECB proceeds Otherwise, such a new framework would jeopardise the large-scale development of wind and solar power projects in India, he wrote NSEFI was founded in 2013 by solar energy industry leaders with a vision to promote solar energy.

  4. Page 13: Brokers want SEBI to roll back new risk management framework for F&O The SEBI's recent move to revise the risk management framework by tweaking the margiin requirements for equity derivatives segment is facing resistance with broker associations demanding a roll back or at least an indefinite postponement of the new norms Brokers say that the proposed margining structure will only increase manifold the cost of trading in equity derivatives- also known as F&O, or futures and options, in industry parlance- without any real benefit in terms of reducing risk, which is the motive of the SEBI The Association of National Exchanges Members of India (ANMI), which is the umbrella body of capital market brokers, has written to the SEBI highlighting the concerns ANMI is of the opinion that many components of margin levied/proposed to be increased are unwarranted, excessive, bear zero-to-very-low correlation to risk, and therefore will result in unprecedented damage to the functioning and growth of the equity derivatives market ANMI believes that applicable margin should correlate highly with risk and not exposure/open interest. Therefore, SEBI moves on margins, has less to do with risk management and more to do with controlling open interest and volumes in the F&O markets Among other things, the regulator increased the so-called Margin Period of Risk (MPOR) to two days from the current one day to ascertain the total margin Further, exchanges were directed to calculate the MPOR for each equity derivative product based on liquidity and scale up the initial margins and exposure margins accordingly. hut do was ali ledtiat the proposed anatgaids arenunhc ientikic .nd excessive and thatit would practically

  5. Page 13 : Some banks may soon exit PCA: Financial Services Secretary Some of the banks, out of the 11, have shown better performance. If some banks are performing well and they are adequately capitalised as per Basel norms. Hence, capitalisation will facilitate them coming out of PCA. RBI is seized of the matter, Financial Services Secretary Rajiv Kumar said.

  6. Page 13 : In 2019. India to beat U.K. in economy size According to a report by global consultancy firm PwC, India is likely to surpass the United Kingdom in the world's largest economy rankings in 2019, As per the report, while the U.K. and France have regularly switched places owing to similar levels of development and roughly equal populations, India's climb up the rankings is likely to be permanent PwC's Global Economy watch report projects real GDP growth of 1.6% for the U.K., 1.7% for France and 7.6% for India in 2019. India and France are likely to surpass the U.K. in world's largest economy rankings in 2019, knocking it from the fifth to seventh place, the report said.

  7. Page 14 : Hungry for energy OIL TIDE AND EBB Ol demand wll comtinue to rise in Asia Pacthc bat will liWhile the EU is the biggest net importer of natural gas,Renewables are expected to play a big role going forward North America and Europe by 2040. The West will se rising China is on track to become the country with the highest especally in the Asia Pactfc region. All regions are fulefficencies even asit moves towards altemative sources net imports Southeast Asia will become a net importer ted to scale up production of renewables by 2040 MORE GAS IN THE PIPELINE RAMPING UP RENEWABLES Hun 2017 DEMAND, Maor . 2040 DEMAND, MBO 2017NETIPORTSKr.EXPECTED ADDITION IN 2040 20 7POWER GENERATON, TWr1EXPECTEDGEN.NO40 ON THE RISE India's production of renewable energysawa54%surgen 2017-18 compared to 2015-16 The World Energy Outlo 2018 shows that by 2040, demand for renewables will ise across regions s will oil consumption in developing conomies. Varun8. Krishnan takes look at the trends modeled by the International Energy Agency on a New Policies Scenario', which takes nto account governments' current and planned energy policies 400 500 5000 2500 200 110000 90000 0 100 -16 2016-7 2017 West South& Africa Asia We Europe E

  8. Page 14 : RBI: on the horns of a dilemma After changing the stance of the monetary policy in the October review meeting to calibrated tightening from neutral, the RBI under Shaktikanta Das may choose to change the stance back to neutral again in the February review meeting, after retail inflation grew at the slowest pace in 18 months. December retail inflation came in at 2.1 9% on the back of softening food and fuel prices. The MPC of the RBI decided to keep the key interest rate unchanged at 6.5% in the policy review meeting in December. Amid slowing retail inflation and sluggish economic growth, the clamour for a rate cut has gained momentum with the industry bodies suggesting a 50 basis point (bps) interest rate cut along with similar reduction in the cash reserve ratio requirements of banks. We continue to expect the RBI MPC to cut rates by 25 bps on February 7 (and 25-50 bps in 2019) with December inflation coming in at a low 2.2%, atop November's 2.3%, Bank ofAmerica Merrill Lynch (BofAML) said. If the RBI decides to lower the interest rate, a change in stance to neutral will only be natural. A neutral stance would mean there is a scope for interest rates to move either way, as opposed to calibrated tightening which means rates can only go up. Inflation assessment Even if the RBI is guided by headline inflation numbers for policy-making purposes, the divergence in major components of inflation creates the dilemma of whether to lower the rate or not.

  9. The RBI Governor acknowledged that the divergences and volatility among the components becomes a challenge for assessment of inflation. Some of the major components like inflation in food, fuel, and inflation excluding food and fuel, have shown wide divergences. This apart, though food inflation has turned negative since October 2018 and fuel inflation has been highly volatile, inflation, excluding food and fuel, remains sticky at close to 6%. A change in stance is more likely now and a rate cut may have to wait for couple of months. RBI has said they focus on headline inflation numbers but core inflation has stayed elevated, group chief economic adviser, SBI sai BofAML, however, said even if core inflation hardened to 5.4% from 4.9% last month, it should reverse with oil and commodity prices coming off. We track January inflation at 2.7% with food deflation persisting, the report said. What adds to the dilemma is the upcoming Budget on February 1. Traditionally, election years have seen only a vote-on-account in which no major announcements are made. However, this year could be an exception as Finance Minister indicated at a recent event. The convention has always been that the election year budget normally is an interim budget and ordinarily there should be no reason why we should move away from that convention. But then, the larger interest of the economy always dictates what goes into the interim budget and that's something which cannot be discussed, Finance Minister said.

  10. There is the expectation of a major announcement from the government for the rural economy due to the stress faced by the farm sector. If that happens, then RBI would like to watch for implications on inflation as well as on fiscal deficit. There has already been a debate as to whether the government should stick to the fiscal deficit target of 3.3% of GDP when the economy actually needs a stimulus to boost growth. Expansionary policy There are some distressed sectors like agriculture, MSMEs which are in need of desperate support from the government. The current situation specifically says liquidity is required in the economy, distress sectors need to be taken care of, banks need to expand credit, and there is a resource constraint from the government side. So, there is a scope for expansionary policy when inflation is under control, BJP's spokesman said Interestingly, Mr. Das avoided making any observations on fiscal deficit. Probably, he will also wait for the budget to make up his mind.

  11. Page 14 : GST: construction equipment gets a boost GST implementation was indeed a long-awaited, welcome decision by the government which has helped construction equipment industry to align tax rates at a single point. It has helped the industry by relieving them from various procedural restrictions which existed while goods were under transit, like waybills, transit passes and its connected returns and assessments Removal of check posts has resulted in significant reduction of transit time. Withdrawal of various forms existing under VAT regime has helped the industry to concentrate on their core business, resulted in reduction in manpower and/or channelizing such resources to other core areas and also mitigated the risk associated with non-receipt of these forms. Unlimited availability of input credit, by change in the definition of input credit, for all transactions, is one more significant advantage. This enabled flow of credit directly into the system with verification facility, resulting in more input compared to VAT and service tax Interstate stock transfer Payment of GST for interstate stock transfer which is treated as a sale, resulting in IGST liability, was made available as full credit in the destination location. This has resulted in tax savings to the manufacturer. All tax on interstate purchase was not available as input credit under VAT regime whereas now it is available Elimination of virtual branches established only for the purpose of documentation and taking credit has been eliminated completely

  12. Time limit allowed for passing credit notes for longer period compared to VAT is one more welcome step. Such a large migration can never happen without the entailing blues during implementation. There persist some variances which will benefit the industry in a big way There are some parts that go into the manufacture of the end-use equipment, which carry a higher rate of GST than the end use equipment itself. It is advisable to stabilise the rates of end-use equipment, which are predominantly machinery, under l 8% category, including the components that go into the manufacture Until recently, GST rate for special purpose vehicles (SPV), was 28%. In the GST Council meeting held in July 2018, the rates were reduced to 18% These SPVs still continue to be under HSN code starting with 87. In line with motor graders, truck mounted cranes, wheel loaders etc., which are also similar to SPVs, but classified under HSN code beginning with 84, the subjects of latest amendment of rates should also classified under the codes starting with 84, to avoid inconsistencies in future With the current challenges in web-based reconciliation, assessees are finding it difficult to file GSTR-1 by the 10th of the subsequent calendar month. Many customers' GST numbers are changed which need to be corrected after following up with the customers, which takes time. GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B should be allowed to be filed together. The classification of goods with reference to HSN Codes should be made uniform across all dealers without restricting to 2, 4 and 8 digits for various categories based on scale of operation

  13. Page 1:9/11 derailed Army plan to capture Pakistani posts along LoC Had it not been for the 9/11 terror attacks, the Indian Army may have carried out its largest operation to end infiltration by capturing at least 25 selected Pakistani posts along the LoC in September 2001, two former senior commanders have revealed in a new book The Operation Kabaddi would have been on a scale far larger than the land-grab attempted by Pakistan, which led to the Kargil war in 1999, as well as the surgical strikes launched by India in 2016. The objective of Operation was to change the geography of the LoC with access to tactical points there, which would then help the Army tackle the infiltration of militants by the Pakistani side. The plan involved capturing 25 to 30 Pakistani army posts from the Batalik sector in the Ladakh region of J&K right down to Chamb-Jaurian in the Jammu sector, with around one or two posts assigned for capture per brigade. Within fixed time The posts were to be overrun in a surprise operation in multiple phases, the book reveals, but the operation was to be completed in a limited time, so as not to lead to a full-scale war. Explaining the significance of the planned operation, the author of the book said, When compared to what the Pakistanis did in Kargil, that was an opportunistic takeover of land, and winter-vacated posts, where Gen. Musharraftried to take advantage of an opportunity: but at most it was a small tactical operation that went out of control

  14. Background Central Information Commission (CIC) CIC was established in 2005 by Central Government under provisions of Right to Information (RTI) Act (2005). The general superintendence, direction and management of affairs of Commission are vested in Chief Information Commissioner who is assisted by Information Commissioners CIC hears appeals from information-seekers who have not been satisfied by the public authority, and also addresses major issues concerning the RTI Act CIC submits annual report to Union government on the implementation of the provisions of RTI Act. The Chief Information Commissioner and Information Commissioners are appointed by the President on the recommendation of a committee consisting of- The PM, who shall be the Chairperson of the committee -The LoP in the Lok Sabha. A Union Cabinet Minister to be nominated by the PM. "

  15. Vakadu Mettu eta elaballi Nelapattu Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary Barrier island 1 6 Sritharikota Sullurypeta adaiahpalem Tade 1 6 Sricity Sathyavedu Pulicat Gummudipoondi 5 2 1 04

  16. Page 2 : ASI finds 2,300-year-old artefacts in Odisha Archaeologists have unearthed artefacts believed to be 2,300-year-old while carrying out excavation at the Asurgarh Fort in Odisha's Kalahandi district. A team of Archaeological Survey of India excavated the items dating from Mauryan to Kushan period. The present archaeological work reveals a number of brick structures. Wedge shaped bricks are also noticed in the circular structures. Most of the structures have terracotta tiles with groves and hole for socketing The Asurgarh people during that time probably used stone rubbles and tile fragments for flooring their houses and the streets. Besides, silver punch marked coins, silver and copper toe ring and ear rings, beads of carnelian, jasper, beryl, garnet, agate and coral have been found Glass bangles Other discovered artefacts include, glass bangle pieces of different designs and colours, sling balls, pestle, iron equipment like small wheel, ring, and arrow head. The findings of coral beads and imperial variety of silver punch mark coins strongly indicates about long distant trade and association of hinterland people with seafaring people. It is believed that the fort is surrounded by moat on its northern, eastern and southern sides. Close to the western rampart, the river Sandul flows to the north thereby forming a natural moat on the western side of the fort. On the eastern side of the fort there is an extensive lake The fort had four wide gates in four cardinal directions and at each gate was installed one guardian deity These guardian deities are named as Ganga at the eastern gate, Kalapat at the western, Vaishnavi at the northern and Dokri at the southern gate

  17. Page 3: Rajasthan, Bihar join hands to eradicate child labour A multi-stakeholder initiative, launched here for eradicating child labour, has taken a resolve to rehabilitate the rescued children and undertake collective action to promote child labour-free goods and stop trafficking of children. The governments of two States and civil society groups have come together to support the initiative. Besides, partners of the initiative in Bihar will work for recovery of victims, their rehabilitation, access to compensation, enrolment in schools and regular follow-up visits to prevent re-trafficking About 80% of children employed in the workshops in some localities oflaipur are trafficked from Bihar Over half of them are in the age group of 10 to 14 years and they end up working in harsh conditions for 15 hours a day, for which they receive a meagre payment of 800 to 2,000 per month Additional Labour Commissioner flagged off a mobile van which will reach out to citizens and ask them to take a strong stand against child labour. He said the initiative was a platform for scaling up the Labour Department's efforts, which would ensure that "no child is robbed of his or her childhood". The child labour-free goods production will be taken up through partnership with leading business champions with the goal of making Jaipur the safest place for international retailers and ethical Indian companies to do business. The initiative will also engage local communities to build resistance and raise awareness through hoardings, bus shelters, street performances and school presentations, requesting the public to call the helpline for children.

  18. Page 5 : Fire breaks out on Bengaluru's Varthur lake A huge plume of smoke was spotted emanating from the middle of Varthur lake, raising the spectre of severe pollution having set offthe spontaneous combustion While Bellandur lake upstream has recorded multiple fires caused by chemicals and trapped hydrocarbons in its severely-polluted waters, this is the first time Varthur lake has caught fire. The fire broke out some 200 feet from the bank in Thubarahalli. While garbage burning happens close by, in this case, it really is not accessible. Civil society group believes the same phenomenon that caused fires in the Bellandur lake in 2017 could have caused the blaze in Varthur. Even fire officials could not douse the blaze. They were just not prepared for it. Over 20 acres has been charred and it does cause immense damage to the eco-system Two years ago the Bellandur lake caught fire. Trapped gases and chemicals in the lake, which receives over 480 million litres of raw sewage from the city daily, were believed to have caused the blaze.

  19. Page 6 : Utilisation of irrigation potential down in Odisha Odisha's utilisation of irrigation potential has dropped which is a cause for concern, says NABARD. In 2007-08, the utilisation was 80.5%, which has decreased to 63.55% in 2016-17 Water management The utilisation has been far less than the potential, which necessitates enhancement of water-use efficiency through adoption of proper water management practices in addition to appropriate irrigation devices In 2014-15, irrigation potential was created for 52.04 lakh ha whereas in the same year it was used in 34.61 lakh ha. In the subsequent year, against irrigation potential created for 54.74 lakh ha, the utilisation was 32.94 lakh ha In 2016-17, farmers used irrigation facilities in 35.53 lakh ha as against 55.91 lakh ha irrigation potential The State has around 29% irrigated land for all major crops as against the national average of 48.6%. The country has achieved irrigation coverage of 60.1% for rice whereas Odisha lags behind with only 33.3%. In case of total cereal, the State's irrigation coverage is 32% against national average of 60.1 % For pulses, irrigation covered in Odisha is 2.2% against country's average 19.9%. Odisha's productivity is comparatively low due to dearth of irrigation and inputs, insufficient investments by the farmers, outdated agronomic practices and for want of marketing facilities, the NABARD focus paper points out.

  20. Page 7: RailTel is turning railway stations into digital hubs The Indian Railways has one of the world's largest public WiFi networks in Rail Wire WiFi. With around 2.6 crore users logins in a month, and over 9,491 Tetra Byte (TB) of aggregated data consumption, Rail Wire WiFi at 746 railway stations across the country is only getting stronger. The network, provided by RailTel, a Mini Ratna central PSU under the Ministry of Railways, is not only one of the largest but also one of the fastest public WiFi networks. The response to the high speed service provided as part of turning railway stations into a platform for digital inclusion has been phenomenal, RailTel said Bona fide passengers are using this WiFi facility for streaming high definition (HD) videos, and downloading movies, songs and games, and engaging with their office work online, says RailTel. For a modern handset, the speed can go as high as 40 Mbps for the initial 30 minutes of unhindered open access, which is unmatched on any other network. The backbone capacity of each of these railway stations is 1 GBPS. Free WiFi services to commuters are being provided under Rail Wire, RailTel's retail Broadband initiative. Of the 746 railway stations, RailTel has provided high speed WiFi at 414 A, Al and C category railway stations across the country, in association with Google as the technology partner.

  21. Page 9 : Getting a raw deal Farmers sold most of their produce in the last six months of 2018 at a price lower than in the corresponding period in 2017. Most non-farm products were not sold at similar low raw deal Br Vig nesh kadhabkrishnam at a time when production of foodgrains was at a record high By Vignesh Radhakrishnan Food price dips I The WPI's year-on-year growth for primary food products" was negative in the second half of 2018. This indicates that farmers sold their produce at a lower rate in these months than in the same period in 2017 Rest holds good I The combined WPI's Y-o-Y growth, which includes all articles in the market, has not seen a dip since March 2016, indicating that most products other than food articles were sold at a higher price than in 2017 2004-05 BASE SERIES -2011-12 BASE SERIES 2004-O5 BASE SERIES 2011-12 BASE SERIES - 20 15 S 10 10 in August 2018, the lowest since 2012 5 5 -5 Jan 2 na 2015 2016 -10 Jan Jan Jan 2017 Jan 2018 Jan 2013 Jan 2014 Jan 2015 Jan Jan 2017 Jan 2013 Consumer's delight I The Consumer Price Inflation (CP)'s year-on-year growth for food products fell to -2.61% in December 2018, indicating that consumers bought food products at a lower price than in December 2017 Supply glut I A sharp inrase in supply following good harvests and high imports may have caused negative inflation. For example, in Dec. 2018, production of pulses peaked, while WPI Y-o-Y of pulses fell to -27% FOOD INFLATION TOTAL INFLATION PULSES PRODUCTION PULSES IMPORT OOO TONNES (LEFT AXIS) OO TONNES (LEFT AXIS) 10 30000 40 WPI Y-O-Y. PULSES (RIGHT AXI 20 5 2000O 1000O Jan 2017 Jan 2018 FY 2013 FY 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 FY FY FY FY Jan 2014 Jan 2015 2016 Includes food grains, vegetables, fruits, condiments, eggs, meat and fish. WPI indicates the price change at the wholesale tevel-for instance, between traders. CPl indicates price change at the retail level.

  22. Page 10: New quota giving sleepless nights to Opposition, sayS PM A day after the Opposition's massive unity rally in Kolkata, PM Modi termed the grouping against his party an alliance of corruption, negativity and instability Stating that his government's decision to provide 10% reservation to EWS in the general category was giving sleepless nights to the Opposition Those who never believed in democracy within their parties were now talking about democracy from a public platform, he said, taking a dig at the Opposition's rally He said such people did not have faith in any institution and were busy defaming constitutional authorities While on the one hand, they are busy saving or nurturing their own families, we are busy developing a nation. Our country is our family. Those who start violence against the person contesting against them even at the panchayat level, are now singing songs of protecting democracy, Mr. Modi said. After researching the Constitution, we made 10% reservation for the economical!yweaker sections. They have not done anything for social injustice. When we did it, they were caught napping, he said Additional seats Seeking to allay concerns about lack of seats in educational institutes to accommodate the new quota provision, Mr. Modi said, I would like to assure that we will increase l 0% seats in every educational institution so that despite reservation, everyone will get an opportunity. He said the government would ensure that no one faced injustice and that the quota for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes remain intact.

  23. Those who say that I took the decision keeping the polls in mind, I want to ask them, when do we not have elections in the country. If I did it before, they would have said I did it for the Karnataka elections, before that they would have said I did it to get benefit in Gujarat elections, he added.

  24. Page 10 : GoM to report on ST status in February The Group of Ministers (GoM), formed by the Assam government to study the issue of granting the Scheduled Tribe (ST) status to six communities in Assam, will submit its report on February 15. On January 10, the Union government introduced a Bill in Parliament to declare the six communities- Adivasi (Tea Tribes), Chutia, Koch-Rajbongshi, Matak, Moran and Ta-Ahom -STs after approval from the Registrar-General of India and the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes. Assam's 14 recognised tribes, divided into the Scheduled Tribe (Hills) and the Scheduled Tribe (Plains), are opposed to the plan for granting the status to the six communities. They say most of these communities are educationally, politically and financially more advanced than them, besides outnumbering them. According to the coordination committee of the Tribal Organisations of Assam, the State's total tribal population is 3.8 million, while the six communities account for more than 15 million of the State's 31.2 million people. The GoM will meet representatives of the All Assam Tribal Sangha, the Bodoland Territorial Council and the autonomous councils of the Rabha, Tiwa, Thengal Kachari, Sonowal, Mising and Deuri tribes.

  25. Collectors empowered In 2015, the Home Ministry had empowered the District Collectors in Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi to grant citizenship and naturalisation certificatesto the non-Muslim migrants from the three neighbouring countries under Section 5 and 6 of the Citizenship Act, 1955. Under the Citizenship Act, 1955, one of the grounds to acquire citizenship by naturalisation is that the applicant must have resided in India during the past 12 months and for 11 out of 14 years in India. The Bill proposes to relax the duration from 11 to seven years, only for persons belonging to the six religions from the three countries. It will help such people who do not have any document by not treating them as illegal migrants. Ag vernment official said the citizenship requests of such applicants would be scrutinised minutely. The Bill faces resistance in Assam as it would negate the Assam Accord of 1985 paving the way for giving citizenship, mostly to illegal Hindu migrants from Bangladesh.

  26. Page 11: Bill may not help many Bangladeshi nationals Only a small number Bangladeshi nationals are likely to benefit from the Citizenship Amendment Bill, as fewer than 200 people from the neighbouring country have so far availed the long-term visas (LTVs), a senior Home Ministry official said. The number of LTVs issued by the Union Home Ministry to Bangladeshi nationals from 2011 to January 8, 2019, is just 187. There cannot be too many Bangladeshis applying for Otherwise, they would have already taken the LTVs for which criteria are the same. Home Minister Rajnath Singh had already said the Bill would apply to all the States and the Union Territories and the beneficiaries could reside anywhere in the country The burden of these persecuted migrants will be shared by the whole country. Assam alone would not have to bear the entire burden, he had said Home Ministry sources said the Ministry was considering a proposal to provide incentives to those people who want to settle in places other than the northeast. the Indian nationality underthe proposed new law