WORKING OF INSTITUTIONS- PART2 -By Ruchita Sharma
ABOUT ME B.A (hons) Political Science & Delhi University MLA in Sociology & Qualified Prelims Hobbies : Solving puzzles and Music & Rate, Review, Recommend, Share and Follow
CONTENTS Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. Powers of the Prime Minister. The President. The Judiciary.
PRIME MINISTER & COUNCIL OF MINISTERS Prime Minister is the most important political institution in the country The President appoints the Prime Minister. After the appointment of the Prime Minister, the President appoints other ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister. & Council of Ministers is the official name for the body that includes all the Ministers. It usually has 60 to 80 Ministers of different ranks.
PRIME MINISTER & COUNCIL O MINISTERS Cabinet Ministers are usually top-level leaders of the ruling party or parties who are in charge of the major ministries. . It comprises about 20 ministers. & Ministers of State with independent charge usually in-charge of smaller ministries. * Ministers of State are attached to and required to assist Cabinet Ministers.
POWERS OF THE PRIME MINISTER As head of the government, the Prime Minister has wide ranging powers: D He chairs Cabinet meetings. 2 He coordinates the work of different Departments. 3) His decisions are final He exercises general supervision of different ministries. S) All ministers work under his leadership. He also has the power to dismiss ministers. The Prime Minister of a coalition government cannot take decisions as he likes.
THE PRESIDENT The President is the head of the State. The President of India is like the Queen of Britain whose functions are to a large extent ceremonial. The President is not elected directly by the people. The elected members of Parliament (MPs) and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies (MLAs) elect the President. All govt. activities take place in the name of President. All major appointments are made in the name of the President. All international treaties and agreements are made in the name of the President. * The President is the supreme commander of the defence forces of India.
THE PRESIDENT * A bill passed by the Parliament becomes a law only after the President gives assent to it. There is one very imp. Thing President should do on her own : appoint the Prime Minister.
THE JUDICIARY & All the Courts at different levels in a country put together are called the Judiciary * The Indian Judiciary consists of a Supreme Court for the entire nation, High Courts in the States, Districts Courts and the Courts at local level. Supreme Court can take up any dispute: 1 Between citizens of the country Between citizens and government. 3 Between two or more state governments 4 Between governments at the union and state level.
THE JUDICIARY * It is the highest court of appeal in civil and criminal cases. Independence of the Judiciary means that it is not under the control of the legislature or the executive. The judges of the Supreme court and the High courts are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister and in consultation with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. A judge can be removed only by an impeachment motion passed separately by two-thirds members of the two houses of the parliament.
B.A (hons) Political Science, M.A in Sociology from Delhi University, B.ED , Qualified Prelims