WORKING OF INSTITUTIONS -By Ruchita Sharma
ABOUT ME o B.A (hons) Political Science o Delhi University M.A in Sociology Qualified Prelims Hobbies: Solving puzzles and Music Rate, Review, Recommend, Share and Follow
CONTENTS Need for Political Institutions. Why do we need Parliament. Two Houses of Parliament. . Political Executive. Political and Permanent Executive.
NEED FOR POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS e Governing a country involves various activities. e To attend to all these tasks, several arrangements are made in all modern democracies. e Such arrangements are called institutions. A democracy works well when these institutions perform functions assigned to them. o The PM. & the Cabinet are institutions that take all imp. Policy decisions. o The Civil Servants, working together, are responsible for taking steps to implement the ministers decisions. . Supreme Court is an institution where disputes between citizens and the govt. are finally settled. Institutions involve rules and regulations.
WHY DO WE NEEDA PARLIAMENT? e In India such a national assembly of elected representatives is called Parliament. e At the state level this is called Legislature or Legislative Assembly. It exercises political authority on behalf of the people in many ways Parliament is the final authority for making laws in any country. 2 Parliaments all over the world exercise some control over those who run the government. Parliaments control all the money that governments have. Parliament is the highest forum of discussion and debate on public issues and national policy in any country
TWO HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT One house is usually directly elected by the people and exercises the real power on behalf of the people. e The Second house is usually elected indirectly and performs some special functions. . In our country, the Parliament consists of two Houses. .The two Houses are known as the Council of States ( Rajya Sabah) and the House of the people (Lok Sabha). . On most matters, the Lok Sabha exercises supreme power:- View Of the Lok Sabha. 2 Lok Sabah exercises more powers in money matters 3 Most importantly, the Lok Sabha controls the Council of Ministers.
POLITICAL EXECUTIVE . All those functionaries are collectively known as the Executive. They are called executive because they are in charge of the 'execution' of the policies of the government.
POLITICAL & PERMANENT EXECUTIVE Two categories make up the Executive. e One that is elected by the people for a specific period, is called the political executive. In the second category, people are appointed on a long-term basis.This is called the permanent executive or civil services. civil services. . In a democracy the will of the people is supreme. In a democracy the will of the
B.A (hons) Political Science, M.A in Sociology from Delhi University, B.ED , Qualified Prelims