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12. Vitamin B9- Folic Acid Importance: Needed during DNA and RNA synthesis, amino acid production, and cell division * Important for pregnant women Sources: Beetroot, lentils, peanut butter, fortified cereals, lentils, beans, green leafy vegetables, green vegetables, orange juice, and yeast.
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Important to know- Vitamin B9 or Folic Acic . In India, adolescent anaemia is prevalent in school going, adolescent girls and boys and out of school adolescent girls. While anaemia is usually associated with deficiency of iron, it is also caused due to folic acid deficiency. The Weekly Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation (WIFS) Programme launched by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) under the National Health Mission aims to control and prevent this problem
13. Vitamin B12- Cobalamin Importance: Needed for the functioning of the nervous system, DNA synthesis and replication, metabolism of organic compounds . Sources: Dairy products, poultry, meat, and shellfish, fortified foods. It is necessary for those following vegan or pure vegetarian diet to consume B12 supplements. .
Vitamin Deficiency It occurs when dietary sources do not provide an adequate amount of a particular vitamin or the diet is restricted. Vitamin deficiency is also called "hypovitaminosis" . Vitamir Deficiency Disease Symptoms Keratomalacia Damage to the cornea in the eye causes blindness Vitamin A Night Blindness Difficulty to see in low-light
Vitamin Deficiency Disease Symptoms Beriberi Impairment of nervous system and cardiovascular system, weak muscles, Vitamin B1 Wernicke-Korsakoff Brain disorder syndrome Vitamin B3 Pellagra Inflammation of skin, diarrhoea, dementia Vitamin B12 Pernicious anaemia Not enough red blood cells, tiredness
Vitamin Deficiency Disease Symptoms Vitamin C Scurvy Gum disease, bleeding gums, fatigue Rickets Problems in calcification of bones, weak bones. Vitamin D Vitamin KHypovitaminosis K Bleeding symptoms due to inability to clot blood. Folic Acid Anaemia Less production of red blood cells, fatigue.
Micronutrients- Minerals Minerals are the chemical elements (other than carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen) that are significant for nutrition Many of them are important as they are important co-factors for enzymes. . Some essential minerals for the human body are as follow function, Calcium- Needed for healthy bones and teeth, nerve cell function, muscle cells function; also helps in the process of blood clotting. Sodium- Nerve stimulation, water balance in the cells. Potassium- Nerve function, water balance in the cells, important for heart rhythm. o also helps in the o o o
Iron- An important element in haemoglobin present in the red blood cells which transports oxygen to the tissues. * Magnesium- It is an important co-factor for more than 300 enzymatic reactions. Zinc- Co-factor of enzymes, an important part of the enzyme that solubilizes carbon dioxide in the blood. . . Cobalt- Part of Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin). .Copper- Essential co-factor in enzymes. . Fluoride- Decreases demineralization of teeth which occurs due to excessive consumption of sugars that causes calcium loss from teeth lodine- It is an essential component of the hormones secreted by the thyroid gland. .
Water does not have calorific value but is very important for sustaining life.It performs various important functions like: . Regulation of body temperature. . Protection of soft organs and tissues in the body. Lubrication and cushioning of joints like knee joints. Prevention of constipation. Works as a solvent for minerals and water soluble vitamins. Water carries away the toxins from the body Kidneys excrete the body toxins and water forms a major component that carries those toxins. Present in blood, therefore it is important for carrying the gases and nutrients. . . . . .