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Teaching as per Different Schools of Philosophy
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Here we discuss methods of teaching as per different schools of Philosophy which is very important for paper 1. In next lecture we will discuss about MCQs solving techniques, so stay tuned ask doubts if you have any. All the best

Navdeep Kaur is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Navdeep Kaur
NET qualified with over 6 years of teaching experience. JRF Awardee & Expert in NTA UGC NET.

Unacademy user
hlo mam ncy nd understaning lessons thnku
mam plz samjao hindi me aise smj ni aa rha
Navdeep Kaur
10 months ago
iska hindi course bhi h
Yogita
9 months ago
ok mam
main kya ye videos enough for cracking jrf exam
  1. Teaching Aptitude with MCQs Target JRF Methods of Teaching According to Different Schools of Philosophy (for CBSE UGC NET Paper 1) By Navdeep. Kaur


  2. Contents 1 Meaning, aspects, Basic Requirements, Factors Affecting Teaching 2 Methods of Teaching 3 Objectives, Aims and Modes of Teaching, Phases of Teaching 4 Methods of Teaching According to Different Schools of Philosophy 5 MCQs Solving technique


  3. As Mothods of Teaching According to Oifferent Schools of Philosophy a. Methods by Idealism They speak of the general nature of teaching methods only They don't specify any method to be adopted while learning (used during the Upanishadic period too in India) aka informal dialectic method - Idealist value use of well prepared & presented lectures Socrates - Question method - Plato Conversational method Aristotle - Inductive and Deductive methods Hegel- Logical method Pestalozzi - Self activity method - Herbart - Discussion method Froebel's metaphor of 'Kindergarten'


  4. b. Methods by Naturalism Rousseau believed education lasts throughout life & is gained everyday He believes learning should be based on actual experience & a practical Learning can also take place in the spirit & methods of play through various life experiences problem must be studied in its natural setting The methods recommended by Rousseau maybe identified with the heuristic method & experimental method advocated by John Dewey


  5. c. Pragmatic Methods Focus on child and society and the activities therein Learning occurs as a result of an activity Children must learn how to discover & method of teaching experimental - It must develop reflective thinking in children so that they ask 'Why?' The Project method of teaching is where a problematio act has to be carried out in completion in its natural setting


  6. d. Existential Methods Ask questions until an acceptable conclusion is reached. Focuses on Inductive thinking Emphasis on individual education Homeschooling preferred over School Education Does not believe in indoctrination but enhancing the child's creativity


  7. B Methods of Teaching recommended by Secondary School Commission (1952-1953 i. Methods of teaching must provide opportunities for children to develop clear thinking & expression ii. Individual centered methods & opportunities for practical application of knowledge must be adapted iii. Activity and Project method must be used in school practice iv. Experimental & Demonstrative Schools must be encouraged (e.g: NCC)


  8. C. Specific Methods in Teaching 1. Inferential Problem Solving Technique It involves Inductive and Deductive Reasoning which is the basis for problem solving Steps in Industive Rcosoning i. Recognition of the problem ii. Searching for data ii. Organization for data iv. Framing tentative solutions v. Elimination vi. Verification (Note: For Deductive Reasoning one begins from vi. to i.)


  9. 2. Team - Teaching/ Co-operative teaching - Its a recent idea in the field of education e a plan of the subjectsc carry it out and evaluate the effects on the students periodically


  10. Teaching Aids Teaching aids helps students to improve their skills and make I There are various kinds of teaching aids. 1. Chart 2. Flash Cards 3. Flip Charts 4. Maps 5. Newspapers 6. Graphs 7. Surveys 8. Audio Visual Aids 9. Hardware 10. Software