STUBBLE BURNING IN INDIA
v There are many ways to tackle the problem, but a ban is not one of them V"The State governmentneeds to focus on crop diversification. Instead of paddy [commonrice], basmati varieties of rice should be encouraged. Basmati is manually harvested, so the problem of crop residue can be largely curtailed. Also, farming of sugarcane and vegetables needs to be promoted. Setting up more biomass-based energy plants is an option,". Y "We have taken several measures including providing the Happy Seeder," says Jasbir Singh Bains, director of the Punjab Agriculture Department. "This is a machine developed by the Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) to plant wheat directly into harvested paddy fields without any other major operation, and to promote the use of straw baler and straw management machines for residue management. With machines like Happy Seeder, the straw is partly cut, chopped, and left as mulch. Mulch helps in reducing irrigation requirement and blocks the emergence of weeds. The crop planted with Happy Seeder is less prone to lodging. This is more profitable than conventional cultivation." He adds: However, urgent intervention of the Central government is needed. Unless financial assistance is provided by the Centre for boosting farm mechanisation, it is dlifficult for us to completely stop stubble burning. Bains says farmers in Punjab, especially small and marginal farmers, are already facing severe economic distress. To ask them to remove crop residue mechanically or through environment-friendly measures wil only add to their misery. "We have been providing machinery on subsidy, but even that puts an additional burden of around 3,000 per acre on farmers for paddy straw management," he says
National Green Tribunal National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 (NGT) is an Act of the Parliament of India which enables creation ofa special tribunal to handle the expeditious disposal of the cases pertaining to environmental issues. It draws inspiration from the India's constitutional provision of Article 21, which assures the citizens of India the right to a healthy environment. The Tribunal has a mandate to dispose of applications and petitions within a period of six months. India is only the third country in the world - after Australia and New Zealand - to set up such a body to deal with environmental cases. The NGT has issued include the cancellation of clearance to coal blocks in the Hasdeo-Arand forests of Chhattisgarh. In November 2016, the Kolkata bench of NGT banned all solid waste and noise pollution in Sunderbans in a bid to protect the wildlife. It had earlier banned all construction activity in the eco-sensitive region.
AIR QUALITY INDEX National Air Quality Index (AQI) launched by the Environment Minister AQl is a huge initiative under 'Swachh Bhara An air quality index (AQI) is a number used by governmentagencies Il to communicate to the public how polluted the air currently is or how polluted it is forecast to become.l2131 As the AQl increases, an increasingly large percentage of the population is likely to experience increasingly severe adverse health effects. Different countries have their own air quality indices, corresponding to different national air quality standards. Some of these are the Air Quality Health Index (Canada), the Air Pollution Index (Malaysia), and the Pollutant Standards Index (Singapore). e Proluteant stondierdi Indes singaorek Canada the There are six AQl categories, namely Good, Satisfactory, Moderately polluted, Poor, Very Poor, and Severe. The proposed AQl will consider eight pollutants for which short-term (up to 24-hourly averaging period) National Ambient Air Quality Standards are prescribed.
PRACTICE QUESTION Q- Which of the following pollutants are considered under AQI (Air Quality Index)? 1. 2. 3. 4. PM2.5, PM11 Sulphur Dioxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, Carbon Dioxide Pm 2.5, PM 10, Sulphur Dioxide, Nitrogen Oxide, Ozone, Carbon Monoxide and PB Methane, Oxygen Dilfluoride, Sodium gas
Graduate in Economics. Gold medal in Dissertation, Prepared various documents on Demonetisation and GST, Share-trading and many more