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UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAM 2018 Prelims Answer key Paper l 03.06.2018
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Prelims Answer key Paper SET B
Q.81 With reference to the religious practices in India,the "Sthanakvasi" sect belongs to (a) Buddhism (b) Jainism (c) Vaishnavism (d) Shaivism
Solution B Sthanakavasi is a sect of Svetambara Jainism founded by a merchant named Lavaji in 1653 AD. It believes that idol worship is not essential in the path of soul purification and attainment of Nirvana/Moksha. The sect is essentially a reformation of the one founded on teachings of Lonka, a fifteenth-century Jain reformer. Sthanakavasins accept thirty-two of the Jain Agamas, the Svetambara canon. Svetambarins who are not Sthanakavasins are mostly part of the Murtipujaka sect
Q.82 With reference to the cultural history of India,consider the following statements 1. 2. White marble was used in making Buland Darwaza and Khankah at Fatehpur Sikri. Red sandstone and marble were used in making Bara Imambara and Rumi Darwaza at Lucknovw Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 Nor 2
Solution A The 1st statement is correct because the Buland Darwaja at Fatehpur Sikri is made of red and buff sandstone, and decorated by carving and inlaying of white and black marble. The second statement, however, is incorrect. The Bara Imambara The whole building is made of Lakhanui bricks (small size bricks) and lime plaster. No wood or metal has been used in the construction.
Q.83 Which one of the following foreign travellers elaborately discussed about diamonds and diamond mines of India? (a) (b) (c) (d) Francois Bernier Jean-Baptiste Tavernier Jean de Thevenot Abbe Barthelemy Carre
Q.84 With reference to Indian history, who among the following is a future Buddha, yet to come to save the world? (a) Avalokiteshvara (b) Lokesvara (c) Maitreya (d) Padmapani
Solution C According to Buddhist tradition, Maitreya is a bodhisattva who will appear on Earth in the future, achieve complete enlightenment, and teach the pure dharma. According to scriptures, Maitreya will be a successor to the present Buddha, Gautama Buddha (also known as kyamuni Buddha)
Q.85 Which one of the following statements does not apply to the system of Subsidiary Alliance introduced by Lord Wellesley? (a) (b) (c) (d) To maintain a large standing army at others expense To keep India safe from Napoleonic danger To secure a fixed income for the Company To establish British paramountcy over the Indian States
Solution: C The system served the dual purpose of asserting British supremacy in India and at the same time of saving India from menace of Napoleon (a) The Indian State was to surrender its external relations to the care of the company and was to make no wars. It was to conduct negotiations with other states through the company. (b) A bigger state was to maintain an army within its territory commanded by the British officers (c) The state was to accept a British Resident at its capital. (d) The state was not to employ Europeans in its service without the consult of the company. (e) The company was not to interfere in the internal affairs of the state, and (f) The company was to protect the state concerned against foreign enemies of every sort or kind.
Solution A Only the 1st statement is correct. Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) is the ratio of a bank's capital in relation to its risk weighted assets and current liabilities. It is decided by central banks and bank regulators, in Indian context RBI, to prevent commercial banks from taking excess leverage and becoming insolvent in the process.
Q.88 Very recently,in which of the following countries have lakhs of people either suffered from severe famine/acute malnutrition or died due to starvation caused by war/ethnic conflicts? (a) (b) (c) (d) Angola and Zambia Morocco and Tunisia Venezuela and Colombia Yemen and South Sudan
Q.89 Regarding Wood's Despatch ,which of the following statements are true? 1. 2. 3. Grants-in-Aid system was introduced Establishment of universities was recommended English as a medium of instruction at all levels of education was recommended Select the correct answer using the code given below (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 and 2 only 2 and 3 only 1 and 3 only 1,2 and 3
Solution A The 3rd statement is not correct as the Woods Despatch recommended that the medium of instruction at the primary level was to be vernacular while at the higher levels it would be English. On elimination, we get A as the correct answer. Other recommendations of Wood's Despatch were as following: An education department was to be set up in every province. Universities on the model of the London university be established in big cities such as Bombay, Calcutta and Madras. At least one government school be opened in every district. Affiliated private schools should be given grant in aid. The Indian natives should be given training in their mother tongue also. The government should always support education for women
Q.90 With reference to the Parliament of India which of the following Parliamentary Committees Scrutinizes and reports to the House whether the powers to make regulations,rules,sub-rules,by-laws etc conferred by the Constitution or delegated by the Parliament are being properly exercised by the Executive within the scope of such delegation? (a) (b) (c) (d) Committee on Government Assurances Committee on Subordinate Legislation Rules Committee Business Advisory Committee.
Solution B Committee on Subordinate Legislation (Lok Sabha) The Committee consists of 15 members nominated by the Speaker. A Minister is noft nominated to this Committee. The Committee scrutinizes and reports to the House whether the powers to make regulations, rules, sub-rules, by-laws etc. conferred by the Constitution or delegated by Parliament are being properly exercised by the executive within the scope of such delegation.