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Social Reformers of Southern India
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This lesson discusses various social reformers of Southern India. It covers various movements like Justice movement, Self respect movement etc.

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

U
Unacademy user
excellent coverage... Thank you.
How you missed Dr br ambedkar the champion of Indian human rights who included basis human rights as fundamental rights in Constitution. How you did master in human rights without knowing about him???
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
Nope I don't agreed with you she is included father of Dravidian movements Mr. EV Rama swamy in this course and he is counter part to Ambedkar . Ev Rama swamy leaves congress because of Ambedkar , EV rama swamy inspirerend lots from ambedkar i think she don't like him
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
ambedkar is the only one person who resigned for his law minister post for the women rights remember Hindu code bill , still no political women leader resigned for women in indian history
Akash Jain
3 years ago
first of all, you shud request to add some names and lessons but you shud not predict someone's intension or believes for anybody. I used to preffer coffee in morning it doesn't mean i don't like tea. MR DUMB HERO if you are an IAS ASPIRANT then you must be must be possitive and humble too.
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
It is not matter of believe it is truth.. superstition comes from believe not from truth... If you prefer coffee or tea it is your choice so you can not make them without​ milk . Dr.br Ambedkar and FR IN CONSTITUTION OF INDIA are final no compromise at any cost I think you and this educator need Article 51A(H) .. don't be racist and casteist put your feelings in where you want not at us
Akash Jain
3 years ago
Brother, these coures are free of cost and educator is giving knowledge for sake of us, so it is onus of every aspirant to give respect to every educator in life, I dont have any right to impose my idea on you. you can think whatever you want, i am just trying to say that dont be so impatient and request the educator to add some lessons on the great personalities including DR. BR AMBEDKAR. but you can't notify anyone as racist or castiest, else you can think or write anything its your fundamental right.
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
First thing is this educator is still not responding my comments what was that means}?? Second thing if you give anything free to others you have no right humiliating others people humanity thoughts , especially when you are taking about HUMAN RIGHTS .... The Constitution of india and SC does not mentioned the definition of untouchability only mysore HC Mentioned about that ..your FREE Internet teaching academy social boycott on the person who made essential HUMAN RIGHTS as FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS in INDIAN CONSTITUTION ..HOW CAN YOU FORGOT FR AND BASIC HUMANITY AND INDIAN CONSTITUTION ... HOW I CAN TOLERATE ON THIS VIOLATION ON BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS ....
Akash Jain
3 years ago
If you are not ready to understand any thing, so I will not argue. do whatever you want. thank you
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
I know you can not understand ur intention since 3500 years because no casteist and racist can't say publicly i am a racist and I love my caste, 90% educated idiots are cast their votes for caste
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
I know you don't have answer about my question because you don't know about history of india and ultimate aim of indian Constitution
Akash Jain
3 years ago
I have learned silence from the talkative, toleration from the intolerant, and kindness from the unkind; yet, strange, I am ungrateful to those teachers. -Khalil Gibran
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
You have learned humiliation from humanity
Akash Jain
3 years ago
hahhhahahhaha........its good
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
You are dangerous than isis this is your original character i am watching inside man of you
Akash Jain
3 years ago
hahahahh.........GREAT VISION
Leeron Shimray
2 years ago
oh my goddd....????????????????????????????????
B Kalpana
2 years ago
bad attitude
Nandini Maharaj
2 years ago
This is a course on 19th century social reform movements. Dr. BR Ambedkar was active in the 20th century, hence I have not included him :)
Sahil
2 years ago
all the crap comments and lastly a lucid reply by the educator which is perfectly apt.????????
Dumb Hero
2 years ago
Hello mam Mr EV ramaswami 1879 -1973 and Dr Br AMBEDKAR 1891- 1956 both are belongs to same period ...!.... so don't blame me look at yourself and in your mistakes... If you don't know about history keep in silent don't give fake information to us
Dumb Hero your name is giving idea about u thank you
Akash Jain
2 years ago
jab insan jyada padh leta hai to esi hota hai......
please add a lesson on revivalist movements
Thank you Nandani :) Do take care of your health.
Thank you, Nandini :)
Jq
Thanks for this.... please make a course on problems of Indian society during 19th and 20th century and especially cover regionalism, casteism, terrorism, fundamentalism. And on renaissance- cultural, social and political.
  1. REFORMERS IN SOUTHERN INDIA BY NANDINI MAHARAJ


  2. ABOUT ME BA (Hons.) in History from Lady Shri Ram MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University Love to teach, read and dance


  3. REFORMERS IN SOUTHERN INDIA 1. Sri Narayan Guru Dharma Paripalna 2. Justice Movement 3. Periyar EV Ramaswamy 4. Self Respect Movement 5. Temple Entry Movement


  4. SRI NARAYAN GURU DHARMA PARIPALNA Founded by Sri Narayan Guru Swamy in 1902 Aimed to uplift lower castes . Sri Narayan Guru from Ezhavas caste (toddy-tapers) of Kerela Issues taken up: Right of admission to public schools Recuritment to government services Access to roads and temples Political representation .


  5. JUSTICE PARTY Founded 1917, dissolved 1944 Madras Presidency CN Mudaliar, TM Nair and P. Tyagaraja/Theagaraya To secure jobs and representation for non-brahmins in the legislature .1920 - won the first direct elections in Madras Presidency Important player for securing reservation for lower castes in the legislature .Precedent for present-day Dravidian parties like DMK and AIADMK Mudaliar: non-Brahmin but elite caste which speaks Tamil


  6. PERIYAR EV RAMASWAMY 1879-1973 .Founded the Self Respect Movement in 1925 .EVR member of INC for 6 years, but quit as he felt that INC served interests of the Brahmins . 1939: became head of the Justice Party 1944: changed the name of the party to Dravidar Kazhagam The party split in 1949 to form another faction, DMK Propagated rationalism, self-respect, women's rights and eradication of caste


  7. SELF RESPECT MOVEMENT Aimed to achieve equal human rights for backward castes Encouraged backward castes to have self-respect . Wanted to remove the idea of superior' and 'inferior caste Believed that true freedom would come with self-respect, not with political freedom Did not draw inspiration from the Vedas .Emphasis on rational behavior, social and economic equality, equality of caste, gender and religion .Facilitated weddings without priests Influential in Tamil Nadu, and in overseas areas with a Tamil , diaspora


  8. TEMPLE ENTRY MOVEMENT . 1888: Sri Narayan Guru, a lower caste, installed an idol of Sri Narayan Guru, a Siva at Aravippuram in Kerala .Inspired the Temple Entry Movement Many separate trends and leaders 1924: Vaikom Satyagrah led by KP Kesava in Kerala to open roads and temples to untouchables (Gandhi supported this) ' .1936: Maharaja of Travancore issued a proclamation that mandated all government-controlled temples to be open to all Hindus. .1938: C Rajagopalachari did the same in Madras