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CLASS VIII POLITY: SECULARISM AND PARLIAMENT BY CHARU MODI
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SECULARISM . s separation of religion from the State RATIONALE BEHIND SECULARISM l Rights. 2) need to protect the freedom of individuals to exit from 3) their religion, embrace another religion or have the freedom 4) to interpret religious teachings differently.
INDIAN SECULARISM OBJECTIVES: 1. that one re at one religious community does not dominate another, 2. that some members do not dominate other members of the same religious at some members do not od . community, 3. that the State does not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals S.
WAYS TO ENSURE SECULARISM It uses a strategy of distancing itself from religion. The Indian State is not ruled by a religious group and nor does it support any one religion. . A strategy of noninterference. This means that in order to respect the sentiments of all religions and not interfere with religious practices, the State makes certain exceptions for particular religious communities.
A strategy of intervention. In order to prevent this religion-based exclusion and discrimination of lower castes', untouchability is banned. Similarly, to ensure that laws relating to equal inheritance rights are respected, the State may have to intervene in the religion-based 'personal laws' of communities. The intervention of the State can also be in the form of support. The ngrants the right to religious communities to set up their own schools and colleges. It also gives them financial aid on a non preferential basis.
WHY IS PARLIAMENT NEEDED;? Parliament enables citizens of India to participate in decision making control the government
FUNCTIONS OF PARLIAMENT TO SELECT THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT Parliament of India consists of the President, the Rajya Sabha and the Lolk Sabha Select the executive The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the ruling party in the Lok Sabha. From the MPs who belong to her party, the Prime Minister selects ministers to work with her to implement decisions. These ministers then take charge of different areas of government functioning like health, education, finance etc.
COALITION GOVERNMENT-it may get difficult for a single political party to get the majority that is required to form the government. They then join together with different political parties who are interested in similar concerns RAJYA SABHA: The Rajya Sabha is the representative of the states of India in the Parliament. It can also initiate legislation and a bill is required to pass through the Rajya Sabha in order to become a law. It, therefore, has an important role of reviewing and altering the laws initiated by the Lok Sabha.
TO CONTROL, GUIDE AND INFORM THE GOVERNMENT The Parliament, while in session, begins with a question hour. The question hour is an important mechanism through which MPs can elicit information about the working of the government. The MPs as representatives of the people have a central role in controlling, guiding and informing Parliament. LAW MAKING Important function of Parliament tatives of the people have a central role in controling '