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CLASS VIII POLITY: MARGINALISED BY CHARU MODI
ABOUT ME B.A.LL.B.(Hons.) From National Law University Lucknow Pursuing LL.M. National and International moot court competition winner Wrote mains Interest: dance, reading Rate, Review, Recommend, Share Follow me at : http://unacademy.In/user/charumodi
ADIVASIS Adivasis the term literally means 'original inhabitants' are communities who lived, and often continue to live, in close association with forests Adivasis are particularly numerous in states like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and in the north-eastern states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura Manipur, Meghalaya,Mzm, Nagaland and Tripura. Adivasi societies are also most distinctive because there is often very little hierarchy among them. This makes them radically different from communities organised around principles of jati-varna (caste) or those that were ruled by kings
ADIVASI AND DEVELOPMENT Losing their lands and access to the forest means that tribals lose their main sources of livelihood and food. When Adivasis are displaced from their lands, they lose much more than a source of income. They lose their traditions and customs - a way of living and being. ' The term minority is most commonly used to refer to communities that are numerically small in relation to the rest of the population. However, it is a concept that goes well beyond numbers. It encompasses issues of power, access to resources and has social and cultural dimensions.
Muslims and Marginalisation Chaired by Justice Rajindar Sachar, the committee examined the social, economic and educational status of the Muslim community in India. The report discusses in detail the marginalisation of this community. It suggests that on a range of social, economic and educational indicators the situation of the Muslim community is comparable to that of other marginalised communities like Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Muslim sometimes Muslim customs an customs and practices are quite distinct.
GHETTOISATION This social marginalisation of Muslims in some instances has led to them migrating from places where they have lived, often leading to the ghettoisation of the community. A ghetto is an area or locality that is populated largely by members of a particular community. various social, cultural and economic reasons, fear or hostility may also compel a community to group together as they feel more secure living amongst their own.
CONSTITUTION ON MARGINALISED Marginalized have drawn on these rights in two ways: First, by insisting on their Fundamental Rights, they have forced the government to recognize the injustice done to them. Second, they have in he government enforce these laws.
Article 15 of the Constitution no citizen of India shall be discriminated against on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. LAWS FOR THE MARGINALISED 'Promoting Social Justice- reservation policy- argument- that in a society Pxomoting Social Justicec - reservation policy- argument- that in a society where for centuries sections of the population have been denied opportunities to learn and to work in order to develop new skills or vocations.
PROTECTINGTHE RIGHTS OF DALITS AND ADIVASIS The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 Firstly, it lists modes of humiliation that are both physicaly hornific and morally reprehensible and seeks to punish those who . (i) force a member of a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe to drink or eat any inedible or obnoxious substance;... ' (ii) forcibly removes clothes from the person of a member of a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe or parades him or her naked or with painted face or body or commits any similar act which is derogatory to human dignity
Secondly,itlists actions that dispossess Dalits and Adnasis of ther meagre resources or which force them into performing slave labour. Thus, the Act sets out to punish anyone who (iv) wrongfully occupies or cultivates any land owned by, or allotted to, a member of a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe or gets the land allotted to him transferred; At another level, the Act recognizes that crimes against Dalit and tribal u . omen