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The lesson is an overview of class IX polity Ncert. It deals with purposes of Constitution, factors influencing constitution making. the lesson deals with concepts like federalism, parliamentary form of government separation of power, fundamental rights and secularism. It also deals with difference between state and government.

Charu Modi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Charu Modi
Having completed Masters in Law with gold medal from Lucknow University, qualified NET in July 2018 and has taught at Ambition Law Institute

Unacademy user
mam u r just superb...very precise notes and way of explanation is too good
tnx for these classes..they helped me alot to revise the ncerts at a glance.keep going✌
mam is this enough or still i have to refer to any of the polity ncerts. please do reply
easy to understand the concept. thank you mam... loving the way you teach.
  1. CLASS VIII POLITY: OVERVIEW AND FEATURES OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION BY CHARU MOD.I


  2. ABOUT ME B.A.LL.B.(Hons.) From National Law University Lucknow Pursuing LL.M. National and International moot court competition winner Wrote mains Interest: dance, reading Rate, Review, Recommend, Share Follow me at : http://unacademy.In/user/charumodi


  3. PURPOSES OF CONSTITUTION .1) Ideals 2) nature of a country's political system 3) ensure that a dominant group does not use its power against other, less powerful people or groups 4) to prevent this tyranny or domination by the majority of a minority. 5) save us from ourselves.


  4. FACTORS INFLUENCING CONSTITUTION MAKING Long colonial rule Different communities Partition of India . Socio economic condition of the country * Maintaining diversity and preserving national unity Maintaining diversity and preserving national unity


  5. FEATURES OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION FEDERALISM the existence of more than one level of government in the country. RATIONAL BEHIND FEDERALISM It was important to have another level of government in the states so that decisions could be made for that particular area. Constitution contains lists that detail the issues that each tier of government can make laws on. PARLIAMENTARY FORM OF GOVERNMENT guarantees universal adult suffrage for all citizens the people of India ae a diect rolein electing thei representatives


  6. SEPARATION OF POWERS: there are three organs of government. These are the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The legislature refers to our elected representatives. The executive is a smaller group of people who are responsible for implementing laws and running the government. The judiciary, refers to the system of courts in this country. RATIONAL BEHIND SEPARATION OF POWERS: In order to prevent the misuse of power by any one branch of government


  7. FUNDAMENTALRIGHTS: the 'conscience' of the Indian Constitution RATIONAL BEHIND FUNDAMENTALRIGHTS: protect citizens against the arbitrary and absolute exercise of power by the State. OBJECTIVE OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS: The first objective is that every citizen must be in a position to claim those rights. And secondly, these rights must be binding upon every authority that has got the power to make laws SECULARISM: A secular state is one in which the state does not officially promote any one religion as the state religion. .


  8. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN STATE AND GOVERNMENT STATE . GOVERNMENT .The State on the other hand refers Governmen ther hand refers.'Governm t'is responsible for to a political institution that represents a sovereign people who occupy a definite territory. administering and enforcing laws. The government can change with elections