Course:Disaster Management Course: Disaster Management Presented by Venkatesh Emani
About me - M. Sc geography from University of Madras Three years of experience in teaching Geography and Economy for civil services Interests : Love teaching, watching cricket and some long drives Follow me on Unacademy: h nh
Response Mechanism The community is usually the first responder in case of a disaster. Field level response on behalf of the government in rural areas is by the nearestpolice station and therevenue functionary (patwari/patel/talati/karnametc); in urban areas the response is articulated by agencies like the civicauthorities, the fire brigadeand the local police station. Role of Union Government It plays a key supportive role in terms of physical and financial resources .. providing omplementarymeasures such as earlywarning co-ordination of efforts of all Union ministries, departmentsand organizations.
Response Mechanism The overall coordination of disaster management vests with the The overall coordination of disaster management vests with the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) . The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) and the National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) are the key committees involved in the top-level decision-making with regard to disaster management. The NDMA is the lead agency responsible for the preparation DM plans and the execution of DM functions at the national level.
Response Mechanism Role of State Government In India the basic responsibility to undertake rescue, relief and rehabilitation measures rests with the State Governments. relief and rehabilitation, Most of the tates haye Relief Commissioners who are in charge of the rlefanice re rabtirat of crisis administration focuses on post disaster # The entire structure of crisis administration focuses on post disaster relief and rehabilitation measures. Every state has a Crisis Management Committee under the chairpersonship of the Chief Secretary, who handles crisis situationson a day-to-day basis at the time of crisis, coordinatestheactivitiesofalldepartmentsand -providesdecision support system to thedistrot administration.
Response Mechanism The District Magistrate/Collector has the responsibility for the overall management of disasters in the district. " He has the authority in terms of - -Mo bilising the response machinery financia!Powers todraw money -All departments of the State Government (like police, fire services) work in a coordinated manner under the leadership of the Collector during a disaster District Collector also enjoys the authority to request for assistance from the Armed Forces if circumstances so demand
Response Mechanism Armed Forces: The Armed Forces play a major role in assisting the civil administration in view of their ability to organize action in adverseground circumstances, -t theirspeed of operational response -theresources and capabilitiesat theirdisposal They play a crucial role in the immediate aftermath of major disasters (emergency support functions) -such as communications, transportation, power, search and rescue operations, health and medical facilities, food and civil supplies.
Nodal Ministries Natural and Man made Disasters Ministry of Home Affairs Cyclones Tsunami Floods Landslides Heat and Cold waves Drought Indian Meteorological Department Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC), INCOIS Central Water Commission Geological Survey of India Indian Meteorological Department Ministry of Agriculture