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26.4k views 4.9 unacademy Kumar Ketan #16 Educator in IIT JEE #6 years teaching experience #IT JEE Physics #YouTuber (150k+ subs) #Unacademy educator(25kt lifetimeviews) #Under graduate topper Follow me on the Unacademy Learning App 1.3k 2 26 Followers Following Courses Get updates about new courses Watch all my lessons .Download slides and watch offline Lists (1) Kumar Ketan HINDI IIT JEE Physics by Kumar Ketan for lIT JEE 8 4 saves Kumar Ketan

#200 Most Important Questions of Modern Physics for IJT JEE MAINS and ADVANCE Electron Beam Dissociative Result Fiber 2e. Precursor Mirror Charged and Neutral Fragments Light source Non-dissociative Result ivot Parent Molecule Scale lonized Parent Molecule

#Q.12. : A proton is fired from very far away towards a nucleus with charge Q 120 e, where e is the electronic charge. It makes a closest approach of 10 fm to the nucleus. The de-Broglie wavelength (in units of fm) of the proton at its start is [Take the proton mass,m,-(5/3) 10-27 kg, hle= 4.2x10-15 J-s /C, 9 x 109 m/F, 1 fm 10-15 m] 4 (JEE 2013) Ze

r closest distance -10 fm From energy conservation, we have or 4 0 1 (120 e) (e) or 4 de-Broglie wavelength, 2Km Substituting the given values in above two equations, we get X-7x 10-15 m - 7 frm

#Q.13. : The electric potential between a proton and an electron is given by V-Vo In, where ro is a constant. Assuming Bohr model to be applicable, write variation ofrn with n, being the principal quantum number. (a) rn * n 0 (JEE 2003) (b) Tn (c) rn oc n2 (d n2

U=eV = eV, ln dUl e FI= This force will provide the necessary centripetal force. Hence, eVo or Moreover, mur- 2 Dividing Eq. (ii) by Eq. (i), we have mr- T7or

#Q.14. : Imagine an atom made up of proton and a hypothetical particle of double the mass of the electron but having the same charge as the electron. Apply the Bohr atom model and consider all possible transitions of this hypothetical particle to the first excited level. The longest wavelength photon that will be emitted has wavelength (given in terms of the Rydberg constant R for the hydrogen atom) equal to (a) 9/5R (JEE 2000) (b) 36/5R (c) 18/5R (d) 4/R

Rhc In hydrogen atom, En Also, where, m is the mass of the electron. Here, the electron has been replaced by a particle whose mass is double of an electron. Therefore, for this hypothetical atom energy in nth orbit will be given by 2Rhc The longest wavelength max (or minimum energy) photon will correspond to the transition of particle from n 3 to n-2. heE3 max This gives, max-18/5R :. The correct option is (c)

#Q.15. : A hydrogen like atom (described by the Bohr model) is observed to emit six wavelengths, originating from all possible transitions between a group of levels. These levels have energies between -0.85 eVand -0.544 eV (including both these values). (a) Find the atomic number of the atom (b) Calculate the smallest wavelength emitted in these transitions. (JEE 2002) (Take, he -1240 eV-nm, ground state energy of hydrogen atom -13.6 eV)

Similarly, 0.544 eV or 13.6 --0.544 = (m + 3)2 or Solving Eqs. (i) and (ii) for Z and m, we get m 12 and Z 3 Ans. (b) Smallest wavelength corresponds to maximum difference of energies which is obviously Emax-0.544-(-0.85)-0.306 eV min 0.306 - 4052.3 nm Ans. max

Solution Let ground state energy (in eV) be E1. Then, from the given condition E2n E204 eV P - E, 204 eV 11-204 eV E2n En 408 eV 4-4 = 40.8 eV = 40.8 eV or 4n or and or 2 4n or From Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get 115 4n2 4n2 4n 4 - =1 or n-2 or